• Title, Summary, Keyword: 효소저항전분

Search Result 23, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

The Effect of Mild-Acid Treated Waxy Starches on the Yield of Resistant Starch (약산 처리가 찰전분의 저항전분수율에 미치는 영향)

  • 이신경;홍윤호;신말식
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.418-425
    • /
    • 1999
  • The characteristics and yield of resistnat starch (RS) in waxy starches which were treated with 0.1N HCl were investigated. Hydrolysis rate of waxy starches were 0.32-0.88%. The yields of RS in waxy maize and waxy barley starches increased with acid treatment time up to 12hr and then decreased. The yield of RS in waxy rice starches increased with acid treatment up to 8hr and then decreased. The hydrolysis and yield of RS were different depending upon the varieties of starch source. Autoclaved normal maize starch showed a gel-like structure, but autoclaved normal maize starch showed crystal particle on the surface by SEM. The shape of autoclaved resistant starch was not different from acid treated ones. X-ray diffraction patterns of native and acid treated starches were all A-types. X-ray diffraction patterns of autoclaved waxy maize starches showed amorphous structures, however, those of RS showed all completely crystalline structure.

  • PDF

Enzyme-Resistant Starch Formation from Mild Acid-Treated Maize Starches (약산처리 옥수수전분으로 호소저항전분의 생성)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Mun, Sae-Hun;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1309-1315
    • /
    • 1997
  • Yields of enzyme-resistant starch (RS) from three kinds of maize starches (Amioca, normal starch and Amylomaize VII) which were treated with 1 N HCl for 24 hr and physicochemical characteristics were investigated. Hydrolysis rate of maize starches decreased with increasing amylose content. Maximum wavelength $({\lambda}_{max})$ and iodine affinity were decreased by the acid treatment. The yields of RS increased with acid treatment up to 12 hr and then decreased. The yield of for 12 hr acid-treated Amioca increased 8 times more than untreated sample, but those of normal starch and Amylomaize VII slightly increased. Using SEM, acid-treated and autoclaved maize starches showed gel like structure, but RS had round and rod shape small particles. X-ray diffraction patterns of autoclaved starches showed amorphous structure in Amioca and B-type in normal starch and Amylomaize VII, and those of RS showed all completely crystalline structure.

  • PDF

Comparison of Enzyme Resistant Starches Formed during Heat-Moisture Treatment and Retrogradation of High Amylose Corn Starches (수분-열처리와 노화에 의해 고아밀로오스 옥수수전분으로부터 형성된 효소저항전분의 특성비교)

  • Kweon, Mee-Ra;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.40 no.6
    • /
    • pp.508-513
    • /
    • 1997
  • Thermal characteristics and granular morphology on enzyme-resistant starches (RS) formed during heat-moisture treatment (HMT) and retrogradation were investigated in high amylose corn starches, Hylon V and Hylon VII. With each treatment, both starches showed a similar trend in the increase of RS, but RS yield of Hylon VII is higher than that of Hylon V. Specially, RS was increased remarkably by HMT. It was more than doubled from 11.4% to 26.6% for Hylon V and from 15.9% to 32.8% for Hylon VII. A small increase of RS resulted from retrogradation. HMT on starch increased gelatinization temperature, decreased enthalpy. Retrograded starch exhibited small three endothermic transitions at $94^{\circ}C$, $110^{\circ}C$ and $140^{\circ}C$ in differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermogram due to the remained ungelatinized starch granules, dissociation of amylose-lipid complex and melting of recrystallized amylose, respectively. Enzyme-resistant starches isolated from native and heat-moisture treated starches showed a broad endothermic transition at higher temperature than native starch, while retrograded starch exhibited a very sharp peak at ${\sim}150^{\circ}C$ due to the melting of amylose crystallites. Under microscopy, starch granules with HMT was not changed, but retrograded starches showed the aggregates of starch granules because amylose leached out during gelatinization. Iodine stained RS clearly showed the differences in enzyme hydrolysis on the native, heat-moisture treated and retrograded starches.

  • PDF

Resistant Starch Yield from Autoclaved Maize Starches with Different Enzymatic Assay (분리방법에 따른 효소저항전분의 수율 비교)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Mun, Sae-Hun;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.383-386
    • /
    • 1997
  • Maize starches with different amylose content were repeated autoclaving-cooling cycles up to 4 times, and the yield of resistant starch (RS) from autoclaved maize starches was investigated by enzymatic-gravimetric method and ${\alpha}-amylase$ treatment. With increasing amylose content in starch and the number of autoclaving-cooling cycles, RS yield was also increased, regardless of isolation method. Enzymatic-gravimetric method severely hydrolyzed amorphous region of autoclaved maize starches. Crystalline region was obtained more effectively by enzymatic-gravimetric method than by ${\alpha}-amylase$ treatment.

  • PDF

Effect of Heating Conditions on the Resistant Starch Formation (가열방법에 따른 효소저항전분 생성)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Mun, Sae-Hun;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.220-224
    • /
    • 1997
  • As corn starches with different amylose content were heated at different temperature $(100^{\circ}C,\;121^{\circ}C)$ with starch / water ratio (1:3.5, 1:9) and heating-cooling treatment was repeated up to 4 times, the yield of RS(resistant starch) from heated corn starches was investigated by the enzymatic-gravimetric method and the ${\alpha}-amylase$ treatment. Compared to ${\alpha}-amylase$ method, enzymatic-gravimetric method was more effective to hydrolyze the amorphous region of heated corn starch. With increasing the amylose content and the number of heating-cooling treatment, the yield of RS increased, regardless of isolation method. Heated corn starches formed at $121^{\circ}C$ provided higher yield of RS than those formed at $100^{\circ}C$. Higher RS yield was also observed in the case of starch/water ratio (1:3.5) compared to the case of ratio (1:9).

  • PDF

Effects of Amylose Content on Properties of Lintnerized Maize Starches and Yield of Resistant Starch (아밀로오스 함량이 산처리 옥수수전분의 특성 및 저항전분수율에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.40 no.5
    • /
    • pp.395-399
    • /
    • 1997
  • Lintnerization properties and yield of enzyme-resistant starch in maize starches with different amylose content were investigated. Hydrolytic patterns of starches showed two distinct stages. With decreasing the amylose content, hydrolysis extents of starch increased. X-ray diffraction patterns of Amloca, PFP and commercial maize starch were the A crystalline type, and those of Amaizo 5 and Amylomaize VII were the B crystalline type. As acid hydrolysis time increased, the relative crystallinity of starches increased. After heating-cooling treatment was repeated up to 4 times, the yield of RS increased with increasing the amylose content. The yields of RS in lintnerzed maize starches decreased with acid treatment.

  • PDF

Resistant Starch (저항전분)

  • 신말식
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.29-38
    • /
    • 1999
  • 저항전분(RS)은 건강한 사람의 소장에서 소화되지 않는 전분이나 전분질 식품의 부분이다. 저항전분은 4가지 형태로 구분하는데 RS 1은 물리적으로 효소와 만나지 않는 부분, RS 2는 생전분으로 감자, 바나나와 고아밀로오스 옥수수전분, RS 3는 노화된 전분 그리고 RS 4는 화학적으로 변성시킨 전분이다. RS 함량은 열에 안정한 $\alpha$ -아밀라아제나 pancreatin, pancreatic $\alpha$ -아밀라아제와 미생물에서 분리된 아밀라아제 등을 이용한 몇 가지 방법에 의해 분석되고 있다. RS는 대장에서 미생물에 의해 발효되어 단쇄지방산을 생성하는데 특히 부티릭산이 생성된다. 아세트산이나 프로피온산은 간의 대사에 영향을 주며 부티릭산은 항 종양(항 대장암) 특성이 있다. RS는 소화가 되지 않아 저열량원이므로 당뇨병 환자나 운동에 의한 혈당 조절이 필요할 때 조절능력을 갖는다. RS가 건강에 중요한 인자임이 알려지면, 건강을 위해 매일 섭취량의 증가를 권장해야 할 것이다.

  • PDF

Effect of Amylose Content on the Physical Properties of Resistant Starches (효소저항전분의 물리적 성질에 대한 아밀로오스 함량의 효과)

  • Mun, Sae-Hun;Baik, Moo-Yeol;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.516-521
    • /
    • 1997
  • Effect of amylose content on the physical properties of resistant starches (RS) from autoclaved maize starches (with starch:water=1:3.5, at $121^{\circ}C$) which were repeated up to 4 times heating-cooling cycles, were investigated by water uptake, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Amylose content of waxy maize starch (Amioca), common maize starch (PFP), high amylose starch(Amaizo, Amylomaize VII) were 0%, 29%, 50%, and 72%, respectively. Yield of RS increased as amylose content increased. Water uptake of all kinds of native starch was higher than that of RS, but lower than that of autoclaved starch. By SEM, RS showed some small particles on surface but the size of particles was different with amylose content. Single endothermic transition peak exhibited at $40{\sim}70^{\circ}C$ in autoclaved Amioca and PFP (crystalline melting of amylopectin) and at $132{\sim}169^{\circ}C$ in autoclaved Amaizo and Amylomaize VII(crystalline melting of amylose) by DSC. RS from all kinds of autoclaved starches except Amioca showed single endothermic peak over $155^{\circ}C$ but the enthalpy was not related to amylose content.

  • PDF

Quality Characteristics of Noodle with Health-Functional Enzyme Resistant Starch (기능성 소재인 효소저항전분을 이용한 국수의 품질특성)

  • Mun, Sae-Hun;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.328-334
    • /
    • 2000
  • A study was conducted to investigate the effect of ACAMS(Autoclaved-cooled amylomaize VII) and ACNMS(Autoclaved-cooled normal maize starch) containing resistant starch(RS) on ASW (Australian wheat flour) rheology and noodle quality. The water absorption in farinograph increased with the addition of ACAMS and ACNMS, but the dough stability decreased with the addition. The ACNMS added flours showed the highest initial pasting temperature and the lowest peak viscosity in RVA. The addition of ACAMS and ACNMS were not effective on the weight and volume of cooked noodles during cooking time for 5 min. However, as the cooking time increased, noodle weight and volume were the highest in control(no RS added flour) and the lowest in ACNMS added flours. Noodle texture was evaluated using rheometer. The hardness of RS(ACAMS, ACNMS) added noodles was higher than that of control. Cohesiveness was significantly different between control and ACAMS added noodles, but the cohesiveness of ACNMS added noodles was similar to other noodles. The elasticity of ACNMS added noodles in sensory test was lower than that of control but the smoothness and overall acceptibility were higher.

  • PDF