• Title, Summary, Keyword: 화재예방

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Risk Assessment Technique for Gas Fuel Supply System of Combined Cycle Power Plants (I) : Based on API RBI Procedures (복합화력발전의 가스연료 공급계통에 대한 위험도 평가 기법 연구 (I) : API RBI 절차에 기반한 위험도 평가)

  • Song, Jung Soo;Yu, Jong Min;Han, Seung Youn;Choi, Jeong Woo;Yoon, Kee Bong
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2018
  • The proportion of natural gas-fueled power generation is expanding due to the change of domestic energy policy pursuing reduction of dust and increasing clean energy consumption. Natural gas fuels used for the combined-cycle power plants and the district-heating power plants are operated at high temperature and high pressure in the fuel supply system. Accidents due to leakage of the gas such as fire and explosion should be prevented by applying risk management techniques. In this study, risk assessment was performed on the natural gas fuel supply system of a combined power plant based on the API RP 581 RBI code. For the application of the API RBI code, lines and segments of the evaluation target system were identified. Operational data and input information were analyzed for the calculations of probability of failure and consequence of failure. The results of the risk assessment were analyzed over time from the initial installation time. In the code-based evaluation, the gas fuel supply system was mainly affected by thinning, external damage, and mechanical fatigue damage mechanisms. As the operating time passes, the risk is expected to increase due to the external damage caused by the CUI(Corrosion Under Insulation).

Risk Management for Ammonia Unloading and Storage Tank Facility (암모니아 입하 및 저장시설에서의 위험도 관리)

  • Jeong, Yun Seo;Woo, In Sung;Lim, Jong Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2017
  • A lot of hazardous materials have been used for product processing and utility plant. Many accidents including toxic release, fire and explosions occur in the ammonia related facility and plant. Various safety and environment management program including PSM, SMS, ORA etc. are being implemented for risk management and accident prevention in the production industry. Also much study and research have been carried about risk assessment of accident scenario in the academic and research area. In this paper, firstly risk level was assessed by using a typically used KORA program and LOPA PFD method for the selected ammonia unloading and storage facility. And then risk reduction measures for the risk assessed facility were studied in 3 aspects and some measures were proposed. Those Risk Reduction measures are including a leak detection and emergency isolation, water spray, dilution tank, dike and trench, scattering protection in hardware impovement aspect, and a applicable risk criteria, conditional modifier for existing LOPA PFD, alternative supporting modeling program in risk estimation methodology aspect, and last RBPS(Risk Based Process Safety) program, re-doing of process hazard analysis, management system compliance audit in managerial activity aspect.

The Quality of Sleep and Its Relating Factors in Firefighting Officers (일부 남성 소방직공무원의 수면의 질 및 그의 관련요인)

  • Choi, Jee-Hyeon;Kim, Kwang-Hwan;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.451-458
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to determine the association between quality of sleep (QOL) and the general characteristics, the health-behavioral factors, and the occupational characteristics of firefighting officers. The survey was conducted in October 2016 with a self-administered questionnaire using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) developed by Pittsburgh University, targeting 600 male firefighting officers working at five fire stations in D city. As a result, the QOL of the study subjects measured by the PSQI revealed 13.2% to be good, and 86.8% to be poor. In relation to general characteristics and health habits, the rate of the group who had poor quality sleep was significantly higher in those with a lower subjective health status, in the non-smoking group, and in the low sleep-quality group, compared to the good sleep-quality group. For occupational characteristics, the rate of those with poor quality sleep was significantly higher in groups such as the fire suppression group, the shift work group, the hard physical labor group, the group with a lower sense of satisfaction in their work, and in the group classed as unfit for the job but who were not considering quitting their jobs, compared to their respective counterparts. Multiple regression analysis revealed factors of influence with explanatory powers of 24.4% for subjective health status, alcohol use, subjective quality of sleep, career, job position, and physical labor. The results of this study suggest that the quality of sleep for firefighting officers is significantly related to general characteristics, health-behavioral characteristics, and occupational characteristics.

A Study on the Measurement of Explosion Range by CO2 Addition for the Process Safety Operation of Propylene (프로필렌의 공정안전 운전을 위한 CO2 첨가량에 따른 폭발범위 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Yu-Jung;Heo, Jong-Man;Kim, Jung-Hun;Choi, Jae-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.599-606
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    • 2019
  • Most facilities that manufacture products made from the hazardous materials operate at high temperatures and pressures. Therefore, there is a risk of fire explosion. In particular, an explosion accident is a major risk factor for facilities with hazardous materials, such as oil, chemical, and gas. Propylene is often used in sites producing basic raw materials and synthetic materials by addition polymerization at petrochemical plants. To prevent an explosion in the business using propylene, the explosion range with the oxygen concentration was calculated according to the changes in temperature and pressure using an inert gas, carbon dioxide. In these measurements, the temperature was $25^{\circ}C$, $100^{\circ}C$, and $200^{\circ}C$ and the amount of carbon dioxide in the container was $1.0kgf/cm^2.G$, $1.5kgf/cm^2.G$, $2.0kgf/cm^2.G$, and $2.5kgf/cm^2.G$. The explosion limit was related to temperature, pressure, and oxygen concentration. The minimum oxygen concentration for an explosion decreased with increasing temperature and pressure. The range of explosion narrowed with decreasing oxygen concentration. In addition, no explosion occurred at concentrations below the minimum oxygen concentration, even with steam and an ignition source of propylene.

A Study on the Identification of Hazardous Factors and Prevention of Accident in Old Boilers (노후보일러 유해인자 발굴 및 사고예방에 관한 연구)

  • Sa, Min-Hyung;Woo, In-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2019
  • Large-scale industrial boilers operating at high temperature and high pressure, have a large amount of water, and a large amount of energy is released at the time of explosion. Currently, most industrial boilers use gas fuel such as LNG and LPG, etc. and fuel exists in the same space as equipment, so there is a high possibility of secondary damage such as fire or explosion in the event of a boiler accident. Both special care and management are required to operate the very dangerous equipment that causes casualty 2.51 per accident. For boilers of a certain size or more, the Korea Energy Agency conducts inspections in accordance with the Energy Usage Rationalization Act, KS, and public notice of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Resources. In this research, based on the results of the inspection, the hazard factorss are configured, and a questionnaire is conducted to the inspector, the equipment manager, the maintenance person, and the person in charge of the manufacturer. We analyzed the results by using AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process). As a result of analysis, generally recognized hazard factorss are not good management, measurement failure, specification failure, water leak, leak analysis, but connection, welding, scale, and corrosion, etc. are relatively less important. It is judged that the adverse factors that are recognized to be highly important among all groups and careers are already well managed, but less important and adverse factors should be well managed to ensure that the safe usage of the boiler.

Measurement of Flash Point for Binary Mixtures of 2-Butanol, 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, Methylcyclohexane, and Toluene at 101.3 kPa (2-Butanol, 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, Methylcyclohexane 그리고 Toluene 이성분 혼합계에 대한 101.3 kPa에서의 인화점 측정)

  • Hwang, In Chan;In, Se Jin
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2020
  • For the design of the prevention and mitigation measures in process industries involving flammable substances, reliable safety data are required. An important property used to estimate the risk of fire and explosion for a flammable liquid is the flash point. Flammability is an important factor to consider when developing safe methods for storing and handling solids and liquids. In this study, the flash point data were measured for the binary systems {2-butanol + 2,2,4-trimethylpentane}, {2-butanol + methylcyclohexane} and {2-butanol + toluene} at 101.3 kPa. Experiments were performed according to the standard test method (ASTM D 3278) using a Stanhope-Seta closed cup flash point tester. A minimum flash point behavior was observed in the binary systems as in the many cases for the hydrocarbon and alcohol mixture that were observed. The measured flash points were compared with the predicted values calculated via the following activity coefficient (GE) models: Wilson, Non-Random Two-Liquid (NRTL), and UNIversal QUAsiChemical (UNIQUAC) models. The predicted data were only adequate for the data determined by the closed-cup test method and may not be appropriate for the data obtained from the open-cup test method because of its deviation from the vapor liquid equilibrium. The predicted results of this work can be used to design safe petrochemical processes, such as the identification of safe storage conditions for non-ideal solutions containing flammable components.

The Continuity of Operation (COOP) Application to a Local Government for Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Jang, Young-Jin;Wang, Won-joon;Jung, Jae-Wook;Seo, Yong-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.12
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2019
  • Globally, various disasters such as typhoons, floods, earthquakes, fires, explosions have caused work to be halted. If there is a large-scale disaster at public institutions in charge of major national affairs and their works are interrupted, not only will there be property damage, but there will also lead to a decline in national credibility and direct and indirect impacts on the people. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure continuity of operation by minimizing the interruption period of critical operations due to disasters. Overseas advanced countries such as the United States and Japan developed guidelines for Continuity of Operation (COOP) to prevent unexpected work disruptions caused by disasters. Recognizing the necessity of COOP in South Korea, a relevant law has been newly established in 「the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety」 to enable public institutions to establish the COOP in response to this situation. In this study, the definition, the necessity and overseas cases of COOP were investigated and described. Using the templates developed by these results, operational impact analysis, risk assessment, operational continuity strategies and operational continuity procedures were applied to "A" City Hall in Gyeonggi-do province and those results were described. The objective of this study is to substantially contribute to the introduction of COOP to local governments through their pilot application and implications of COOP.

A Study on the Present Condition and Improvement of Cultural Heritage Management in Seoul - Based on the Results of Regular Surveys (2016~2018) - (서울특별시 지정문화재 관리 현황 진단 및 개선방안 연구 - 정기조사(2016~2018) 결과를 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Hong-seok;Suh, Hyun-jung;Kim, Ye-rin;Kim, Dong-cheon
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.80-105
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    • 2019
  • With the increasing complexity and irregularity of disaster types, the need for cultural asset preservation and management from a proactive perspective has increased as a number of cultural properties have been destroyed and damaged by various natural and humanistic factors. In consideration of these circumstances, the Cultural Heritage Administration enacted an Act in December 2005 to enforce the regular commission of surveys for the systematic preservation and management of cultural assets, and through a recent revision of this Act, the investigation cycle has been reduced from five to three years, and the object of regular inspections has been expanded to cover registered cultural properties. According to the ordinance, a periodic survey of city- or province-designated heritage is to be carried out mainly by metropolitan and provincial governments. The Seoul Metropolitan Government prepared a legal basis for commissioning regular surveys under the Seoul Special City Cultural Properties Protection Ordinance 2008 and, in recognition of the importance of preventive management due to the large number of cultural assets located in the city center and the high demand for visits, conducted regular surveys of the entire city-designated cultural assets from 2016 to 2018. Upon the first survey being completed, it was considered necessary to review the policy effectiveness of the system and to conduct a comprehensive review of the results of the regular surveys that had been carried out to enhance the management of cultural assets. Therefore, the present study examined the comprehensive management status of the cultural assets designated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government for three years (2016-2018), assessing the performance and identifying limitations. Additionally, ways to improve it were sought, and a DB establishment plan for the establishment of an integrated management system under the auspices of the Seoul Metropolitan Government was proposed. Specifically, survey forms were administered under the Guidelines for the Operation of Periodic Surveys of National Designated Cultural Assets; however, the types of survey forms were reclassified and further subdivided in consideration of the characteristics of the designated cultural assets, and manuals were developed for consistent and specific information technologies in respect of the scope and manner of the survey. Based on this analysis, it was confirmed that 401 cases (77.0%) out of 521 cases were generally well preserved; however, 102 cases (19.6%) were found to require special measures such as attention, precision diagnosis, and repair. Meanwhile, there were 18 cases (3.4%) of unsurveyed cultural assets. These were inaccessible to the investigation at this time due to reasons such as unknown location or closure to the public. Regarding the specific types of cultural assets, among a total of 171 cultural real estate properties, 63 cases (36.8%) of structural damage were caused by the failure and elimination of members, and 73 cases (42.7%) of surface area damage were the result of biological damage. Almost all plants and geological earth and scenic spots were well preserved. In the case of movable cultural assets, 25 cases (7.1%) among 350 cases were found to have changed location, and structural damage and surface area damage was found according to specific material properties, excluding ceramics. In particular, papers, textiles, and leather goods, with material properties that are vulnerable to damage, were found to have greater damage than those of other materials because they were owned and managed by individuals and temples. Thus, it has been confirmed that more proactive management is needed. Accordingly, an action plan for the comprehensive preservation and management status check shall be developed according to management status and urgency, and the project promotion plan and the focus management target should be selected and managed first. In particular, concerning movable cultural assets, there have been some cases in which new locations have gone unreported after changes in ownership (management); therefore, a new system is required to strengthen the obligation to report changes in ownership (management) or location. Based on the current status diagnosis and improvement measures, it is expected that the foundation of a proactive and efficient cultural asset management system can be realized through the establishment of an effective mid- to long-term database of the integrated management system pursued by the Seoul Metropolitan Government.

A Study on the Current State of the Integrated Human Rights of the Elderly in Rural Areas of South Korea (농촌지역 거주 노인의 통합적 인권보장 실태에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Joonhee;Kim, MeeHye;Chung, SoonDool;Kim, SooJin
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.569-592
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    • 2018
  • This study purported to investigate the current state of human rights of older adults residing in rural areas of Korea. The study utilized, as an analytic framework, 4 priority directions (1. "older persons and development", 2. "rural area development", 3. "advancing health and well-being into old age", and 4. "ensuring enabling and supportive environments") with 13 task actions recommended by Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA). Furthermore, the study examined gender differences in all items included in the analytic framework. Data was collected by the face-to-face survey on 800 subjects aged 65 and over. Statistical analyses were conducted using STATA 13.0 program. The main results were summarized in order of 4 priority directions as follows. First, average working hours per day were 6.2, and men reportedly participated in economic activities and needed job training more than women, while women participated in lifelong education programs more than men. Awareness of fire and disaster prevention facilities was low in both genders. Second, accessibility to the support center for the elderly living alone as well as protective services for the vulnerable elderly was found to be low. IT-based services and networking were used more by men than women, and specifically, IT-based financial transactions and welfare services were least used. Third, medical check-ups and vaccinations were well received, while consistent treatments for chronic illnesses and long-term care services were relatively less given. In addition, accessibility to mental health service centers was considerably low. Fourth, although old house structures and the lack of convenience facilities were found to be circumstantial risk factors for these elders, experiences of receiving housing support services were scarce. The elderly were found to rely more on informal care, and concerns for their care were higher in women than men. Plus, accessibility to elderly abuse services was markedly low. Based on these results, discussed were implications for implementing policies and practical interventions to raise the levels of the human rights for this population.

A study on improvement of regular survey system of state-designated movable cultural heritage (국가지정 동산문화재의 정기조사제도 개선방안 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Suk;Kim, Chang-Gyoo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.146-169
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    • 2018
  • Artificial or natural artifacts, which have historical, artistic, academic or scenic value as national, ethnic or global assets, are designated as "cultural heritages" under the Act on the Protection of Cultural Heritage. Cultural heritages can be divided into tangible cultural heritages, intangible cultural heritages, and monument and folklore heritages. In addition, depending on the object of designation, a cultural heritage can be designated either as a city or a provincial cultural heritage or a cultural heritage material, by a city mayor or provincial governor, and as a state-designated heritage by the administrator of the Cultural heritage Administration. The regular survey is a part of the policy for the preservation and management of state-designated heritages, which requires that surveys be undertaken every three to five years for the preservation, repair and maintenance of cultural heritages. It was stipulated in the Act on the Protection of Cultural Heritage in 2006, and since then has substantially contributed to the preservation and management of state-designated heritages based on the identification of damage to cultural heritages and the application of appropriate treatment measures. However, some parts of the guidelines on the regular survey, legislated in 2006, occasionally give rise to confusion in managing the regular survey system of state-designated movable cultural heritages, and need to be modified to facilitate the systematic management and improvement of the regular survey system. This study attempts to analyze the structure and operation of the regular survey system of state-designated movable cultural heritages, and proposes plans for improving the way of specifying each department which leads, manages and executes the regular survey, the process of entrusting the survey, and its guidelines and forms. I hope that these plans concerning the regular survey of state-designated movable cultural heritages will contribute to improving the quality and management of the system.