• Title, Summary, Keyword: 한반도의 지각구조

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Large Ground Motion Related to Crustal Structure in Korea (한반도 지각 구조로 인한 이상 강진동 관측 및 해석)

  • Kim, Kwang-Hee;Kang, Su-Young;Min, Dong-Joo;Suk, Bong-Chool;Ryoo, Yong-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.559-566
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    • 2008
  • Ground shaking recorded during the January 20, 2007, $M_L$ 4.8 Odaesan earthquake (Korea) were used to investigate the role of the crustal structure in producing a strong ground motion, which includes the identification of the phases responsible for the strong ground motion and their implications for seismic hazard assessment. Analyses of strong-motion data together with waveform simulation revealed that critical and post-critical reflections from the crust-mantle boundary are responsible for the abnormal ground motions. This result demonstrates that the crustal structure should be taken into consideration in studies of seismic hazard mitigation even in the areas of relatively low seismicity.

3D Density Modelling of the Yellow Sea Sedimentary Basin

  • Choi, Sungchan
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.283-291
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    • 2004
  • To find out the locus of the Quinling-Dabie-Sulu continental collision’s boundary and to estimate underground structure of the sedimentray basin in the Yellow Sea, three dimensional density modelling is carrid out by using gravity dataset (Free Air Anomaly), which is measured by Tamhae 2, KIGAM in a period between 2000 and 2002. The measured gravity anomaly in the investigations area is mainly responsed by depth and density differences between the sedimentary basin and the basement. The high density model-bodies extend mainly from the southern part of China to the middle-western part of the Korean Peninsula, which might be emplaced along the continental collision’s boundary. The total volume of the very low density model-bodies might be expected at about 20,000 km3 in the model area.

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A Case Study on the Boring-Hole Blasting for Offering of the Ground Vibration Source (지진동 Source 제공을 위한 시추공 발파 기술 사례)

  • 조영곤;김희도;조준호;함준호
    • Proceedings of the KSEG Conference
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2003
  • 본 기술사례는 과학기술부가 주도하는 자연재해방재기술개발 국가중점연구사업 중 기상청 주관의 기상지진기술개발사업의 한반도 지각속도 구조연구 과제 중 서산지역과 포항지역을 연결하는 200km 측선에서 2차원 지각구조를 밝히기 위한 지각규모 굴절파탐사의 지진동 source 제공을 위해 발파로 실시하였다. 본 연구를 위하여 국내에서는 거의 실행해 본 경우가 없는 지발당 장약량이 500~1000kg의 발파를 실시하였다. 200개의 계측지점에 지진동이 전달될 수 있도록 충분한 폭속을 가진 폭약과 외부의 충격과 우수한 기폭력, 시차가 정확한 이중비전기뇌관을 특수 제작하여 사용하였다. 시추공내로 유출되는 물에 의한 사압을 방지하기 위하여 폭약은 철관용기를 제작하여 벌크 형태로 장약을 하여 발파를 하였다. 발파전 용기 밀폐 시험 및 용기제작 후 기폭실험, 수압작용으로 인한 폭약 및 뇌관에 미치는 영향 등을 실험을 통하여 사전 파악을 하였다. 또한 실제 발파 중 진동치를 측정한 결과 보안물건에 대한 진동치값은 미광무국식(USBM)을 이용하여 예측한 진동치보다 평균 180% 정도 높게 나타났다.

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Deformation of Moho in the Southern Part of the Korean Peninsula (한반도 남부 모호면의 변형 구조)

  • Shin, Young-Hong;Park, Jong-Uk;Park, Pil-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.620-642
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    • 2006
  • The Moho structure and its deformation in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula were estimated using gravity and topography data. Gravity signals from the upper and lower crust were separated using a filter that was computed from isostacy and elastic thickness. The result of this study shows three characteristic features of the Moho deformation. First, the Moho folding structure is parallel to SKTL (the South Korean Tectonic Line), which indicates positive association with the collision of the Yeongnam and Gyeonggi Massifs and repeated compression afterwards. In contrast, noticeable deformation of the Moho was not observed along the Imjingang Belt, which is interpreted as another continental collisional belt in the Korean Peninsula. Second, the Moho beneath the Gyeongsang Basin has remarkably risen; this seems to be the result from both the collisional compression and buoyancy caused by magmatic underplating. Third, the Moho deformation is shallowest in the east of the Taebaek Mountains and deepens toward the west, consistent with the topographic characteristic of the Korean Peninsula of "high east and low west". It can be interpreted as the results of the opening of the East Sea and Ulleung Basin. A tectonic explanation for this could be the ascent of the mantle induced by continental rifting and horizontal extension at the early stage of the opening of the East Sea. The Moho deformation model computed in this study correlates well with the earthquake distribution and crustal movement measured by GPS. We suggest that the compression along the SKTL is still exerted, consequently, the Moho deformation is active, although it may be weak.

A Study on the Crustal Structure of the Southern Korean Peninsula through Gravity Analysis (중력자료분석을 통한 한반도 지각구조에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Byung Doo;Yang, Su Yeong
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.309-320
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    • 1985
  • The crustal structure of the southern part of the Korean peninsula has been investigated based on the results of processing and anlaysis of gravity data. The processing techniques involve i) seperation of regional and residual anomalies by polynomial fittings, ii) power spectral analyses to determine the mean depth to the crustal base, iii) a filtering operation called "high-cut filtering and resampling," and iv) downward continuation to determine the undulation of the crustal base. The Bouguer anomalies show a lineation in the NE-SW direction which is the same as that of most mountains and tectonic lines of this area. The mean crustal depth is found to be 34km. The depth of the crustal base is varying in the estimated range of 26km to 36km with a thinner crust below the east coast than that of the west coast. The relief of the crustal base is appeared to be correlated with the regional surface topography. The linear regression relations computed between elevations and gravity anomalies indicate that the crust of this area seems to be not in perfect isostatic equilibrium but a little undercompensated state.

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3-D Crustal Velocity Tomography in the Central Korean Peninsula (한반도 중부지역의 3차원 속도 모델 토모그래피 연구)

  • Kim, So Gu;Li, Qinghe
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.235-247
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    • 1998
  • A new technique of simultaneons inversion for 3-D seismic velocity structure by using direct, reflected, and refracted waves is applied to the center of the Korean Peninsula including Pyongnam Basin, Kyonggi Massif, Okchon Fold Zone, Taebaeksan Fold Zone, Ryongnam Massif and Kyongsang Basin. Pg, Sg, PmP, SmS, Pn, and Sn arrival times of 32 events with 404 seismic rays are inverted for locations and crustal structure. 5 ($1^{\circ}$ along the latitude)${\times}6$ ($0.5^{\circ}$ along the longitude) ${\times}8$ block (4 km each layer) model was inverted. 3-D seismic crustal velocity tomography including eight sections from the surface to the Moho, eight profiles along latitude and longitude and the Moho depth distribution was determined. The results are as follows: (1) the average velocity and thickness of sediment are 5.15 km/sec and 3-4 km, and the velocity of basement is 6.12 km/sec. (2) the velocities fluctuate strongly in the upper crust, and the velocity distribution of the lower crust under Conrad appears basically horizontal. (3) the average depth of Moho is 29.8 km and velocity is 7.97 km/sec. (4) from the sedimentary depth and velocity, basement thickness and velocity, form of the upper crust, the Moho depth and form of the remarkable crustal velocity differences among Pyongnam Basin, Kyonggi Massif, Okchon Zone, Ryongnam Massif and Kyongsang Basin can be found. (5) The different crustal features of ocean and continent crust are obvious. (6) Some deep index of the Chugaryong Rift Zone can be located from the cross section profiles. (7) We note that there are big anisotropy bodies near north of Seoul and Hongsung in the upper crust, implying that they may be related to the Chugaryong Rift Zone and deep fault systems.

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Investigation of Post-seismic Sites Using Local Seismic Tomography in the Korean Peninsula (지진 토모그래피를 이용한 한반도의 과거진원지역의 특성 연구)

  • Kim So-Gu;Bae Hyung-Sub
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.111-128
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    • 2006
  • Three dimensional crustal structure and source features of earthquake hypocenters on the Korean peninsula were investigated using P and S-wave travel time tomography. The main goal of this research was to find Vp/Vs anomalies at earthquake hypocenters as well as those of crustal structure of basins and deep tectonic settings. This allowed fer the extrapolation of more detailed seismotectonic force from the Korean peninsula. The earthquake hypocenters were found to have high Vp/Vs ratio discrepancies (VRD) at the vertical sections. High V/p/Vs ratios were also found in the sedimentary basins and beneath the Chugaryong Rift Zone (CRZ), which was due to mantle plume that subsequently solidified with many fractures and faults which were saturated with connate water. The hypocenters of most earthquakes were found in the upper crust for Youngwol (YE), Kyongju (KE), Hongsung (HE), Kaesong (KSE), Daekwan (DKE), and Daehung (DHE) earthquakes, but near the subcrust or the Moho Discontinuity for Mt. Songni (SE), Sariwon (SRE) and Mt. Jiri (JE) earthquakes. Especially, we found hot springs of the Daekwan, Daehung and Unsan regions coincide with high VRD. Also, this cannot rule out the possibility that there are some partial meltings in the subcrust of this region. High VRD might indicate that many faults and fractures with connate water were dehydrated when earthquakes took place, reducing shear modulus in the hypocenter areas. This is can be explained by due to the fact that a point source which is represented by the moment tensor that may involve changes in volume, shear fracture, and rigidity. High Vp/Vs ratio discrepancies (VRD) were also found beneath Mt. Backdu beneath 40 km, indicating that magma chamber existed beneath Mt. Backdu is reducing shear modulus of S-wave velocity.

중약진 지역에서 지진격리장치를 사용한 교량의 내진 보강

  • 김용길;권기준
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Industrial Safety Conference
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 2000
  • 지진격리교량은 강진지역의 지반운동과 구조물의 거동에 근거한 내진설계 개념을 바탕으로 설계되었다. 그러나 지반운동의 특성과 구조물의 거동에 있어서 한반도와 같은 중약진 지역과 지각변동운동이 활발한 강진지역은 큰 차이를 보이고 있다. 따라서 중약진 지역의 내진설계에서는 지반운동의 특성이 반영되어야 할 필요가 있으며, 특히, 지진격리교량의 경우에는 교각의 연성 등 중약진 지역의 구조물의 거동특성이 반영되어야 한다. (중략)

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Regional variation of the coda Q in the Korean Peninsula (한반도 coda Q의 지역적 변화)

  • Yun, Suk-Young;Lee, Won-Sang;Lee, Kie-Hwa
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2005
  • We analyzed spectral attenuation of coda waves and estimated coda Q values in the crust of the Korean peninsula. 574 NS-component seismograms registered by the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) and Korea Institute of Geology, Mining and Materials (KIGAM) seismic networks with epicentral distances less than 100 km and sampling rate greater than 80 Hz were selected for this study. We estimated coda Q values using the single isotropic scattering model at center frequencies of 1.5, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 Hz with 20 s time window starting from double of the S-wave arrival times. Estimated coda Q value at 1 Hz ($Q_0$) and n value range 50 to 250 and 0.5 to 1.0, respectively, and they are well correlated with the regional geology in the Korean peninsula. The $Q_0$ values in western Korea agree well with those of eastern China.

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