• Title, Summary, Keyword: 방사선요법

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Docetaxel-cisplatin-fluorouracil Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Versus Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer : A Meta-analysis (국소진행성 두경부암에서 Docetaxel, Cisplatin, Fluorouracil 선행항암요법의 효과 및 부작용에 대한 메타분석)

  • Hwang, Ilseon;Park, Keon Uk
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2015
  • 서론: 국소 진행성 두경부암 환자에서 선행 항암요법 후 동시 항암화학방사선요법은 원격 전이를 줄이고, 국소병변을 줄여 방사선 치료의 효과를 높이거나, 기관의 기능을 보존할 목적으로 시도된다. 선행 항암요법의 약제로 는 docetaxel, cisplatin, fluorouracil (DPF) 삼제요법이 가장 효과적인 것으로 알려져 있다. 선행 항암요법 후 동시 항암화학방사선요법과 표준치료인 동시화학방사선요법을 비교한 3상 연구들이 모두 선행 항암요법이 더 낫다는 결과를 보여 주지 못하였지만, 이 연구들은 충분한 환자를 모집하지 못하고 조기 종료된 불완전한 연구라는 한계가 있었다. 이에 저자들은 DPF 선행 항암요법 후 동시 화학방사선요법과 표준치료인 동시 화학방사선요법을 비교하는 메타분석을 시행하였다. 대상 및 방법: 체계적 문헌고찰을 통해 국소진행성 두경부암 환자를 대상으로 시행된 DPF 선행 항암요법 후 동시화학방사선요법과 현재 표준치료인 동시화학방사선요법을 비교한 5개의 3상 연구 결과를 분석하였다. 대상환자는 862 명이었고, 분석 결과 DPF 선행 항암요법 후 동시화학방사선요법은 표준치료와 비교하였을 때 반응률, 2년 및 3년 생존율, 2년 및 3년 무진행 생존율, 점막염 및 빈혈 발생 빈도에서 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 없었다. 하지만, 완전관해율과 3~4도의 백혈구감소증 및 혈소판 감소증의 빈도는 선행 항암요법 시행군에서 더 높았다. 결론: 국소진행성 두경부암의 치료에서 DPF 선행 항암요법 후 동시 항암화학방사선요법을 시행하는 것은 표준치료인 항암화학방사선요법에 비해 생존율 개선을 보이지 못하였다. 선행항암치료를 추가하는 것이 특정 환자군에서 효과가 있을지에 대해서는 추가적인 연구가 필요하다.

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A Comparision of Radiotherapy Alone with Induction Chemotherapy-Radiotherapy in Inoperable Head and Neck Cancer (수술 불가능한 두경부 종양에서 방사선 단독요법과 유도 화학요법 및 방사선 병용요법의 비교)

  • Park, In-Kyu;Yun, Sang-Ho;Kim, Sang-Bo;Ryu, Sam-Uel;Park, Jun-Sik
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 1991
  • In order to determine the value of induction chemotherapy (CT) for inoperable head and neck cancer, the authors conducted a retrospective study. Fifty-five patients were treated with CT and radiotherapy (R-T)(CT+RT group). This group was compared with a group of 54 patients treated RT alone (RT alone group). The CT regimen used were CF (cis-platine+5-FU), CVB (cyclophos-phamide+vincristine+bleomycin), CAP (cyclophosphamide+adriamycin+prednisolone) or PVBM(cis-platine+vincristine+bleomycin+methotrexate). Toxicity from induction chemo-therapy was minimal, and toxicity was limited primarily to nausea and vomiting, mucositis and myelosuppression. The complete response (CR) rate to CT was $14.5\%$ and the partial response (PR) rate was $47.3\%$ for an overall major response rate of $61.8\%$. The major response rate at the completion of loco-regional therapy was $87.3\%$(48/55) with 32 CR ($58.2\%$) and 16 PR ($29.1\%$) for CT-RT group and $81.5\%$(44/55) with 27 CR ($50.0\%$) and 17 PR ($31.5\%$) for RT alone group (p=0.57). Median follow-up of CT-RT group was 17 months and 11 months for RT alone group. Median survival was 30 months for CT-RT group and 24 months for RT alone group (p=0.3). The overall survival rate at 2 years, 3 years and 5 years, respectively was $60.9\%,\;48.6\%\;and\;42.5\%$, for CT-RT group, and $54.9\%,\;49.9\%\;and\;49.9\%$ for RT alone group (p=0.33). Comparision between patients in both groups, stratified by overall stage, T and N stage, site, and pathology, all failed to show any significant difference in survival rates. We conclude that this retrospective study failed to demonstrate an advantage for induction chemotherapy in inoperable head and neck cancer.

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EFFECTS OF MULTIMODAL TREATMENT FOR THE MAXILLARY CANCER (상악암에 대한 병용요법의 효과)

  • Kim, Yong-Gak;Ryu, Sun-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2001
  • The treatment of maxillary cancer has been commonly performed by the surgery and radiation therapy, alone or in combination. Multimodal treatment has been introduced with improvement of chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Multimodal treatment for the maxillary cancer is composed of surgery, radiation therapy, and regional intra-arterial chemotherapy. The present study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the multimodal treatment with Morita's method, with a slight modification, for the maxillary cancer. Twenty-four cases of the maxillary cancer were analyzed. The multimodal treatment increased the 5-year-survival rate up to 66% and reduced the need for maxillectomy. This method made the morphological and funtional preservation possible. This method may be recommended for the treatment of maxillary cancer.

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COMBINED THERAPY OF ADVANCED MALIGNANT PARANASAL SINUS TUMOR (진행된 악성 부비동 종양의 병용치료법)

  • 이인자;김민식;조승호;서병도
    • Proceedings of the KOR-BRONCHOESO Conference
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    • pp.42-42
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    • 1991
  • 부비동에 발생하는 악성종양은 자각증상이 비교적 늦게 나타나 병변이 많이 진행된 후에 발견되는 경우가 대부분이다. 진행된 부비동압의 치료는 수술, 화학요법, 방사선요법의 병용치료법이 종래부터 시도되어왔으며 대부분의 경우 광범위한 수술적 절제가 필요하여 이에 따른 후유증이 크고 치료결과는 아직 많은 논란이 있다. 저자들은 진행된 부비동암 (T4)환자 10명에서 유도화학요법 (Cisplatin, 5-FU)후 수술 (상악절제술 4예, 두개안면 절제술 1예 )과 방사선 치료 (약 7000 cGy)를 받은 5명과 유도화학요법후 방사선치료만 받은 5명을 비교하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. 수술을 포함한 병용요법을 받은 환자 6명중 3명은 평균추적기간 28개월 동안 재발의 증거가 없었으나 2명에서 국소재발이 있었고 이들은 국소 절제술 및 방사선치료후 현재 1년 이상 무병상태이다. 2. 수술을 포함한 병용요법을 받은 환자 5명중 4명에서 초진시 안와내 종양침윤의 소견이 있었으나 수술시 안와를 보존하였고 그 후 안와 부위의 국소 재발은 없었다. 3. 유도화학요법과 방사선치료만을 받은 5명 모두 6개월 이내에 국소재발하였다. 4. 진행된 악성 부비동암은 수술을 포함한 병용요법으로 좀 더 좋은 치료성적을 얻을 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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Retrospective Analysis of Chemoradiotherapy for Limited-Stage Small-Cell Lung Cancer (제한병기 소세포암 환자의 항암화학방사선요법에 대한 후향적 분석)

  • Lee, Jong-Hoon;Kim, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Su-Zy;Lee, Joo-Hwan;Kim, Hoon-Kyo;Shim, Byoung-Yong
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was designed to analyze the outcome and toxicity of thoracic radiation therapy (TRT) and chemotherapy for patients who suffer with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied 35 patients with LS-SCLC. TRT was administered once daily (1.8 to 2 Gy per fraction) and it was directed to the primary tumor for a total 50 to 66 Gy in 6 to 7 weeks. The patients received four cycles of etoposide plus cisplatin. TRT was begun on day 1 of the first cycle of chemotherapy in the concurrent arm and after the fourth cycle in the sequential arm. Results: The median progression-free survival time was 16.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.0 to 24.1 months) for the sequential arm, and 26.3 months (95% CI, 16.6 to 35.9 months) for the concurrent arm. The 2-year progression-free survival rate was 16.0 percent for the sequential arm and 50.0 percent for the concurrent arm (p=0.0950 by log-rank test). Leukopenia was more severe and more frequent in the concurrent arm than in the sequential arm. However, severe esophagitis was infrequent in both arms. The radiotherapy was interrupted more frequently in the concurrent arm than in the sequential arm due to hematologic toxicities (p=0.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that concurrent TRT with etoposide plus cisplatin is more effective for the treatment of LS-SCLC than sequential TRT. However, there is a significant increase in the risk of toxicities, and radiotherapy was frequently interrupted in the concurrent arm due to hematologic toxicities.

Multidisciplinary Management of the Locally Advanced Unresectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (수술 불가능한 국소 진행 비소세포성 폐암의 집합적 요법)

  • Cho, Kwan-Ho
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2004
  • Locally advanced (Stage III) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately one third of all cases of NSCLC. Few patients with locally advanced NSCLC present with disease amenable to curative surgical resection. Historically, these patients were treated with primary thoracic radiation therapy (RT) and had poor long term survival rates, due to both progression of local disease and development on distant metastases. Over the last two decades, the use of multidisciplinary approach has improved the outcome for patients with locally advanced NSCLC. Combined chemoradiotherapy is the most favored approach for treatment of locally advanced unresectable NSCLC. There are two basic treatment protocols for administering combined chemotherapy and radiation, sequential versus concurrent. The rationale for using chemotherapy is to eliminate subclinical metastatic disease while improving local control. Sequential use of chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy has improved median and long term survival compared to radiation therapy alone. This approach appears to decrease the risk of distant metastases,, but local failure rates remain the same as radiation alone. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy has been studied extensively. The potential advantages of this approach may include sensitization of tumor cells to radiation by the administration of chemotherapy, and reduced overall treatment time compared to sequential therapy; which is known to be important for improving local control in radiation biology. This approach Improves survival primarily as a result of improved local control. However, it doesn't seem to decrease the risk of distant metastases probably because concurrent chemoradiation requires dose reductions in chemotherapy due to increased risks of acute morbidity such as acute esophageal toxicity. Although multidisciplinary therapy has led to improved survival rates compared to radiation therapy alone and has become the new standard of care, the optimal therapy of locally advanced NSCLC continues to evolve. The current issues in the multidisciplinary management of locally advanced NSCLC will be reviewed in this report.

Metastatic Cervical Lvrnphadenopathy from Uterine Leiornyosarcorna with Good Local Response to Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy (자궁 평활근육종의 경부림프절 전이와 방사선치료 및 화학요법에의 반응)

  • Oh Yoon Kyeong;Park Hee Chul;Kee Keun Hong;Jeon Ho Jong;Park You Hwan;Chung Choon Hai
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.309-313
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    • 2000
  • The metastasis of uterine leiornyosarcorna to the neck node has not been reported previously and the radiotherapy has been rarely used for the metastatic lesion of the other sites. We report a case of neck metastasis from a uterine leiornyosarcorna, which developed 10 months after surgery and postoperative pelvic radiotherapy. It also involved the parapharyngeal space, adjacent spine, and spinal canal. The metastatic neck mass was inoperable, and was treated by neck radiotherapy (6,000 cGy) and chemotherapy including taxol and carboplatin. The mass has regressed progressively to a nearly impalpable state. She has never developed spinal cord compression syndrome, and has maintained good swallowing for eight months since the neck radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Since the extensive metastatic neck mass showed good local response to high dose radiotherapy and chemotherapy, both treatments may be considered for an unresectable metastatic leiornyosarcorna.

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Results in the Treatment of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using Combined Radiotherapy (비인강 종양에 있어서 방사선 치료와 유도화학 요법)

  • Chung Su Mi;Yoon Sei Chul;Shinn Kyung Sub;Bahk Yong Whee;Kim Hoon Kyo;Lee Kyung Shik;Cho Seung Ho
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 1991
  • Thirty-one patients with previously untreated and locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer were retrospectively reviewed for comparing the effects of radical radiotherapy alone with that of combining chemotherapy and radiotherapy from 1983 to 1989 at Kangnam 51. Mavy's hospital.23/31 were evaluable for recurrence and suwival. There were 8 patients for stage III, and 15 patients for stage IV. Eleven patients were treated with radical radiation therapy done (arm I). Twelve patients were given 1~3 courses of cisplatin-5FU or cisplatin-bleomycin-vincristine prior to radiation therapy (arm II). The two arms were comparable in patient characteristics Of 11 radiotherapy Patients, complete response was 55%(6/11) and Partial response 45%(5/11). Among 12 patients after induction chemotherapy, complete response was 25%(3/12) and partial response 75%(9/12). After subsequent radiotherapy, complete response was increased to 83%(10/12) and partial response was 17%(2/12). Treatment failure was 30%(local recurrence; 3/11, and regional recurrence; 1/11) in arm 1 and 33% (local recurrence; 1/12, regional recurrence; 2/12 and distant metastasis; 1/12) in arm ll . There was no significant difference in survival between arm I and arm II (p> 0.05). The toxicities of treatment were acceptable. More controlled clinical trials must be completed before acceptance of chemotherapy as part of a standard radical treatment for locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer.

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