• Title/Summary/Keyword: 개항기

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조선말 개항기 부산항의 근대식 등대에 관한 연구

  • Ahn, Woonghee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.97-99
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    • 2015
  • 부산은 18세기말 서양에게 처음으로 알려졌다. 이후 19세기말 조선이 강화도 조약을 시작으로 국제 열강들에게 개항되었을 때에도 중요한 국제적인 개항장이었다. 국제 선박들의 왕래가 늘면서 부산항의 항만시설과 등대의 중요성이 부각되었다. 등대의 설치와 관리는 부산 해관원들이 담당하였다. 개항기 해관의 작업들은 봉건사회에서 근대국가로 변천하는 조선의 역사적 기원이 된다. 이처럼 소중한 역사임에도 불구하고 개항기 해관문서들이 상당부분 소실되어 정확한 역사를 알 수가 없었다. 그러나 조선의 내부문서와 외교문서 그리고 국내외 언론들에 의해 작성된 기록들을 비교 검토함으로써 객관적인 사실관계를 정립할 수 있을 것이다. 이러한 맥락에서 본 연구는 최근 출간된 자료들과 수집된 고지도들을 바탕으로 조선말 개항기 부산항에 설치된 근대식 등대를 확인하는 것을 우선적인 목적으로 한다. 이를 통하여 대한민국 근대사의 올바른 정립에 객관적 자료를 제공할 수 있을 것이다.

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A Study on the Modern Lighthouse of Busan Harbor in the late Joseon Dynasty after Opening Port (조선말 개항기 부산항의 근대식 등대에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Woong-Hee
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.541-547
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    • 2014
  • Busan was known firstly to the western world in the end of 18th century. When the Joseon opened a port under the western powers in the late 19th century, Busan was an important port. The increasing number of international ship exchange had magnified the harbor facility and the importance of lighthouses of Busan port. Busan maritime customs officer were in charge of installation and management of lighthouses. The operations of maritime customs became historical origin of Joseon changing from feudal society to modern nation. The majority of the documents from maritime customs was disappeared. So it was hard to know the exact history. But investigating documents and papers of Joseon, even media records will enable us to establish the objective fact relations. Moreover, published and translated data from the past make it possible such investigations. As a result, modern lighthouse of Busan harbor in the late Joseon after opening port was could be found. It could be offered to establishing the Korean modern history as the objective data.

한국과 일본, 그 숙명적 관계-고대부터 개항기.식민지 시기, 미래의 전망까지

  • Son, Seung-Cheol
    • The Korean Publising Journal, Monthly
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    • pp.8-9
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    • 1998
  • 한국과 일본, 두 나라의 역사는 서로 어떻게 관계를 정립하는냐에 따라 결정된다 해도 지나치지 않는다. 우리의 역사 현실과 이렇듯 밀착돼 있는 한일관계의 연구는 주로 일본인에게서 시작돼 왔다. 이러한 연구의 불균형이 객관적인 이해를 더욱 어렵게 한다.

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A Study on the Construction Working of Japanese Building Contractors in Seoul(漢城) during 1882-1910 (개항기(1882년~1910년) 일본인 건설업자의 한성 내 활동에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Dong-chun
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2015
  • During 1882-1910, in Korea there were many engineers who came from various nations, among whom Japanese engineers displayed the most considerable activity. In this study, by focusing on the activity of Japanese engineers in Seoul, how architectural activities were developed in the opening port era is examined. After 1882, as the number of Japanese resident in Seoul had been increased, the number of architectural engineer had also been multiplied. Above all, the number had been rapidly changed by the Sino-Japanese War in 1894 and Russo-Japanese War in 1904. Especially after the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, in Seoul Japanese influence were overwhelmingly expanded and Japanese engineers took the lead in architectural activity. From 1904 to 1910, The monopolization of architectural activity in Seoul by Japanese builders who resided in Seoul had been intentionally achieved with the public and private sectors. And it is clear that the monopolization process worked within advantageous situation to Japanese engineers in all construction related fields such as building material, labor and transportation, as well as subcontract system. Finally, the political power of Japan reflected in the architectural field of Korea. Furthermore, it can be estimated that architectural industry in Seoul was paralleled to Japanese one also dominated by Japanese engineers.

Types and Trade Characteristics of Textile Products Imported from Japan during the Port-Opening Era -Focusing on Cotton, Silk, and Woollen Cloths- (개항기 일본으로부터 수입된 직물 상품의 종류와 무역 특성 -면직물, 견직물, 모직물을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Soon-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.770-787
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    • 2021
  • This study examines the types of cotton, silk, and woollen products imported from Japan during the port-opening period and explores the characteristics of import trade related to these textile products. Data were obtained from the Japanese trade statistics published by the Japanese government between the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. Several key findings were made from these data. First, at least 24 types of cotton fabrics, 13 silk fabrics, and 16 woollen fabrics imported from Japan were identified. Several types of weaves that can be found in the present day were also identified. Second, the total import of textiles during the port-opening period made up 33.7% of the total imports from Japan, indicating that textiles were an important aspect of import trade with Japan. The value of textile imports from Japan tended to increase overall during this time. Cotton fabrics and silk fabrics showed a tendency to increase continuously, while woollen fabrics showed a trend of gradual increase over repeating periods of increase and decrease. It is apparent from examining the ratio of Japanese and foreign products that cotton fabrics, silk fabrics, and woollen fabrics show different characteristics.

A Study on the Perception of Korean Intellectuals on Botanical Gardens during the Open Port Period (식물원에 대한 개항기 한국 지식인의 인식 고찰)

  • Kim, Jung-Hwa;Zoh, Kyung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.96-107
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    • 2016
  • This study is an attempt to trace the origins of Korean botanical gardens prior to the construction of the botanical garden in Changgyeonggung Palace. We trace the time period during which Korean intellectuals first understood and appropriated botanical gardens based on accounts found in travel journals. These were written by members of delegations sent to Japan, Russia, and Great Britain and by students who had studied abroad, such as Tchi-Ho Yun and Kil-Chun Yu, during the open port period from 1876 to 1910. This study shows that the term "botanical garden" did not appear in any of the travel journals and the delegations did not show much interest in them until the 1880s. Japan had planned to introduce the different types of botanical gardens to the delegations from the Joseon Dynasty, but the delegations left no official records or related accounts regarding their visits. In contrast, members of delegations who were sent to Russia, Europe, and America after the 1890s began to pay attention to botanical gardens. They considered botanical gardens as a representative and essential part of Western culture and attempted to introduce them in Korea as essential tools for academic development as well as for enlightenment. Although many Korean intellectuals' opinions about the necessity of a botanical garden did not actually lead to its construction during the open port period, such a movement was significant in that it strengthened the botanical garden's image as a symbol of civilization. Apart from tracing the origins of the botanical gardens in Korea, this study serves as fundamental research material for understanding the establishment of the Changgyeongwon Botanical Garden in 1909.

Challenging and Responding to Christian Education for Women from the Period of Port-Opening to the National Movement of 1919: Interpretation and Reconstruction from the Viewpoint of Feminist Christian Curriculum (개항기부터 1919년 민족운동시기까지의 여성에 대한 기독교교육의 도전과 응전: 여성주의 기독교교육과정 관점에서의 해석과 재구성)

  • Lee, Jooah
    • Journal of Christian Education in Korea
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    • v.63
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    • pp.317-345
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    • 2020
  • The dissolution and reconstruction of the male-centered social structure is being requested, but the Korean church still call on women and understand women's roles by limiting them based on traditional 'normal family ideology' and matherhood discourse. However, considering women's various aspects of life, life cycle, and individuality, confining women to existing biological maternal discourse is not suitable to help women grow as subjective leaders and contribute to society. The Korean church needs to find a new curriculum that encourages women to form subjective beliefs. In the life of Christian women of the period of port-opening, we can examine the process of the Korean Christian women establishing the subjectivity of the challenges of Protestant theology, which included stereotypes, gender division of labor, and matherhood discourse. Korean Christian women shared the oppressive experiences of traditional patriarchy after passing silent and receptive perceptions, forming a subjective perception of their injustice and seeking liberation. And it was able to act as a subject of faith by forming a procedural and constructive awareness within a sympathetic and relational community. The Korean church should reconstruct the Christian women's curriculum by reflecting on the curriculum that women formed themselves over 100 years ago.