A Study on the Analysis of Reflective Journal of the Character Development Program of Christian University

기독교 대학의 인성 함양 프로그램 성찰저널 분석 연구 : K대학교의 밀알훈련 사례를 중심으로

  • Received : 2021.05.12
  • Accepted : 2021.06.28
  • Published : 2021.06.30


The purpose of this study is to analyze the journal of reflection of students who participated in the character improvement education program. And it is a study that suggests ways to develop the program according to the results of analysis. Then, by collecting 208 reflective journals of students who participated in Milal training at K University, After the analysis was performed in the process of transcription, coding, and subject discovery, reliability was secured by calculating the Kappa coefficient for the analysis frame and analysis suitability. According to the results of the analysis of reflection journal. Through Milal training, the Milal spirit was understood as sacrificial service (sacrifice, devotion, lowering, serving, death, decay) and Milal (reproduction). We confirmed that It will have a life attitude related to the themes of labor (hardwork, work, patience, patience, perseverance). It can be said that through Milal training, self-reflection activities can be promoted, community character and collaboration skills can be cultivated, and the spirit of sacrificial service can be acquired. Through the results of this reflection journal analysis, it is necessary to further enhance the Milal training program, and it will be possible to provide implications to the character cultivation programs of other universities.

본 연구는 K대학의 설립이념에 기반한 인성 함양 교육 프로그램인 밀알훈련에 참여한 학생들의 성찰저널을 분석하여, 해당 프로그램의 교육 성과를 도출하고, 국내 대학에 인성 관련 유사 프로그램들에게 교육적 통찰과 프로그램의 고도화 방안 등을 제안하는 연구이다. 이를 위해 K대학에서 밀알훈련에 참여한 학생들의 성찰저널 208개를 수집하여 전사, 코딩, 주제 발견 과정으로 분석을 수행한 뒤, 분석틀과 분석적합성을 Kappa 계수를 산출하여 신뢰성을 확보하였다. 성찰저널 분석의 결과 밀알 훈련을 통해 밀알정신을 희생적 봉사(희생, 헌신, 낮아짐, 섬김, 죽음, 썩어짐)과 밀알(재생산)으로 이해하고 있었으며, 노동(수고, 일, 참을성, 인내, 끈기)주제와 관련된 삶의 자세를 갖고자 하는 다짐한다는 것을 확인하였고, 이는 밀알훈련을 통해 자기 성찰 활동의 증진, 공동체 인성과 협업 능력의 함양, 희생적 봉사 정신을 체득 등을 이룰 수 있다고 할 수 있다. 이와 같은 성찰저널 분석 결과를 통해 밀알훈련 프로그램을 더욱 고도화해야 할 것이며, 다른 대학들의 인성 함양 프로그램에도 함의점을 제공할 수 있을 것이다.



  1. Kim, W. (2019). A study of the effects of university voluntary service program on morality and self-identity for university students. Studies on Life and Culture. 51, 155-178.
  2. Kim, E. (2019). Development of liberal arts curriculum for personality education of college students: focusing on E-university. Asia-pacific Journal of Multimedia services convergent with Art, Humanities and Sociology 9(5), 247-258.
  3. Kim, C. Y (2015). An analysis on the effect of Christian liberal arts education of Christians on character development of university students. University and mission 33. 65-90.
  4. Kim, H. (2018). The influence of the communication between university student majored in dance and professor on their self-esteem and department adaptation. Official Journal of Korean Society of Dance Science, 35(2), 1-12.
  5. Park, M. R. (2019). Effects of personality education program for the university student"s self-esteem, commnicative competence, and interpersonal competence. Korean Journal of General Education. 13(3), 77-95.
  6. Park, S. W. (2020). Kang, tae-kook's true piety. The Gospel and Praxis, 54, 71-105.
  7. Park. S. H., Park H. J., Kim. K. N., & Park. S. Y (2019). Effect of personality education on the personality development of nursing students. Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction. 19(17). 87-104.
  8. Park, S. Y., Kim, J. K. & Lee, Y. T. (2011). Effect of occupational therapy volunteering on self-esteem and self-efficiency in university students. The Korea Contents Society, 11(2), 276-384.
  9. Park, E. H (2013). The effect of a short camp program for improving adaptability on student adaptation to college, self-esteem and achievement motivation of college students. Forum for youth culture, 36, 29-58.
  10. Seo, G. J. (2012). The application of bibliotherapy for improving the self-esteem of university students. Journal of Literacy Therapy. 25. 75-101.
  11. Yang. M. S. (2016). A study on university students' leadership education via practice-based team-project learning. Journal of Education & Culture. 22(5). 209-236.
  12. Yeo, K. H. & Kim, S. Y (2018). A case study on rc co-educational programs for collaboration and thinking skill development. The Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction 18(18), 105-130.
  13. Ryu, S. Y. & Seo, Y. K (2016). Christian higher education and service-learning. Korea society for christian education & information technology. 48, 121-149.
  14. Yoo, H. R (2015). A textbook analysis of financial education in the social studies. Master's thesis at the Graduate School of Seoul National University.
  15. Yoon. S. M. (2017). A study on the personality education in university based on 'Spiritual Intelligence(Existential Intelligence)' in Kangnam university. Theology and Praxis 54. 445-469.
  16. Lee. K. Y. & Cho. Y. T. (2016). Needs analysis for personality education orientation of the college students. Journal of Character Education & Research. 1(2), 1-18
  17. Lee, M. J., Jin, E. N., Seo, M. C., Kim, J. W., Lee, J. Y., Kim, B. J. & Park, H. J (2011) Study on how to activate character education through subjects education and creative extra curricular activities. Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation.
  18. Lee. E. S. (2017). Seeking an effective approach for the personality education through Christian liberal arts courses in Christian university. Journal of Christian Education in Korea. 51. 101-124.
  19. Lee, H. W. & Shin, J. T. (2020). The effect of positive psychological program with physical activity on depression and self-esteem of university student. The Korean Journal of Sport. 18(2), 159-167.
  20. Jeon. H. J. (2020). An analysis on the state of extra-curricular programs of character education: the case of "university C". Journal of Character Education & Research, 5(1), 1-20.
  21. Jung. D. K (2019). Personality education in Christian universities and colleges: Based upon the case at myongji university. University and mission 40, 7-35.
  22. Ji, E. L., Do, S. Y., Lee, Y. S. Park, S. Y. Ju, U. H. & Kim H. K. (2014). A study for development of the character index instrument. Ministry of Education.
  23. Choi, E. M. (2013). The effects of group arts therapy program with writing journals on college students' self-esteem. The Korean Journal of Arts Therapy 13(2), 135-151.
  24. Choi, E. J. (2019). A case study on practical personality education for college students. Asia-pacific Journal of Multimedia Services Convergent with Art, Humanities, and Sociology. 9(11). 395-405.
  25. Korean Bible University (2010). The 60 years history of Korean Bible university. Seoul: Publishing department of KBU.
  26. Han, H. S., Chung, J. S., Choi. K. Y., Kim, D. Y., Sim, J. H. & Kim, K. H. (2010). The effect of small group activity on self-efficacy, interpersonal relationship and anxiety of Christian university Freshman. Faith & Scholarship. 15(4). 159-189.