The Effect of Leaders' Managerial Coaching Behavior on Employees' Innovative Behavior: Mediating Effect of the Employees' Entrepreneurship and the Moderating Effect of LMX

리더의 관리자 코칭행동이 구성원의 혁신행동에 미치는 영향: 기업가정신의 매개효과와 LMX의 조절효과

  • Kim, Su-Yeon ;
  • Oh, Sang-Jin
  • 김수연 (서울종합과학대학원대학교 경영학과) ;
  • 오상진 (서울종합과학대학원대학교 경영학과)
  • Received : 2021.03.24
  • Accepted : 2021.04.17


The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of leader's managerial coaching behavior on employees' innovative behavior and to confirm the mediating effect of entrepreneurship and the moderating effect of LMX(Leader-Member Exchange). Hypotheses were established based on prior research and variety of theories including broaden-build theory and self-efficacy theory. The survey was accessed via the online, 279 employees over 20's or older, who have worked in various domestic organizations were participated. SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 25.0 were used to verify the reliability and validity of the collected data, and the hypothesis was analyzed by SPSS process macro 3.0. The study found that leader's managerial coaching behavior has positive effects on both employees' entrepreneurship and innovative behavior and that entrepreneurship has mediating effect between leader's managerial coaching behavior and an employees' innovative behavior. The results of this study suggested leader's managerial coaching behavior is a prominent factor in facilitating innovative behavior among employees. Implications include an organizational requirement to develop systems for initiating effective managerial coaching behavior in leadership, and for improvement of both entrepreneurship and LMX among employees.

본 연구는 리더의 관리자 코칭행동이 구성원의 혁신 행동에 미치는 영향을 검증하고 구성원의 기업가정신의 매개 효과와 LMX의 조절 효과를 확인하는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 가설은 선행연구와 긍정정서확장구축이론, 자기효능감이론 등을 근거로 하여 설정하였다. 자료는 국내 기업의 직장인 20대이상의 279명을 대상으로 온라인 설문을 통하여 수집하였다. 수집된 데이터의 신뢰성과 타당성 검증은 SPSS 25.0과 AMOS 25.0로 하였으며, 가설검증은 SPSS프로세스 매크로 3.0으로 분석하였다. 연구 결과, 리더의 관리자 코칭행동은 구성원의 기업가정신과 혁신행동에 각각 정(+)의 영향을 주었고, 코칭행동과 혁신행동의 관계에서 기업가정신이 매개효과를 가지는 것이 확인되었다. 또한 LMX는 관리자코칭행동과 기업가정신의 관계에 조절효과를 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구 결과는 리더의 관리자 코칭행동과 혁신행동간 관계에서 기업가정신을 제시하였다는데 의의를 가지며, 구성원의 기업가정신과 혁신행동을 촉진하는 리더의 관리자 코칭행동의 효과성을 실증함으로써 조직에서 리더의 관리자 코칭행동을 활성화하기 위한 시스템을 마련하고 구성원들의 기업가정신 강화와 LMX 향상을 위한 시사점, 그리고 향후 연구방안을 논의하였다.


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