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Gender Differences Regarding Parental Teasing of Korean Children's Weight and Anti-Fat Attitudes

  • Ra, Jin Suk (College of Nursing, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Cho, Kyung Seu (Department of Early Childhood Education, Eulji University) ;
  • Cho, Yoon Hee (College of Nursing, Dankook University)
  • Received : 2020.04.08
  • Accepted : 2020.06.19
  • Published : 2020.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to identify gender differences associated with weight related teasing by parents, and development of anti-fat attitudes among Korean children aged 5 to 7 years. Methods: This study used a descriptive cross-sectional design. Questionnaire interviews were conducted by enrolling 222 healthy children having normal development and living with their parents in South Korea. Results: Results showed gender and parental weight-related teasing was significantly associated with anti-fat attitudes among children. Significance of the association between parental weight-related teasing and anti-fat attitudes among kindergarten children differed according to the child's gender. Among girls, the higher level of parental weight-related teasing was associated with greater anti-fat attitude. However, parental weight-related teasing was not associated with increased anti-fat attitude among boys. Conclusion: Considering our study results, we recommend developing programs aimed towards decreasing teasing in the family environment, such as changing the gender-specific weight norms to prevent anti-fat attitudes in Korean girls.

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