Effect of Waterlogging Duration on Growth Characteristics and Productivity of Forage Corn at Different Growth Stages Under Paddy Field Conditions

  • Jung, Jeong Sung (Grassland & Forage Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, Gi-Jun (Grassland & Forage Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, Bo-Ram (Grassland & Forage Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • Received : 2019.08.17
  • Accepted : 2019.09.06
  • Published : 2019.09.30


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of waterlogging duration on the growth characteristics and productivity of forage corn at different growth stages under paddy field conditions. Treatments consisted of waterlogging at two growth stages (V7 or V14) for four waterlogging durations (no waterlogging, 48 hours, 72 hours, and 96 hours, respectively). The V14 growth stage was more vulnerable to waterlogging than the V7 stage. Among the waterlogging durations, the lodging score increased at 48 hours. The stem height of forage corn decreased with the increase in waterlogging duration at the different growth stages (V7 and V14). Increase in waterlogging duration reduced the stem dry matter yield, ear dry matter yield, and total dry matter yield at both growing stages (V7 and V14). The waterlogging treatments at the V14 stage affected ear dry matter yield more than those at the V7 growing stage. Thus, the management of forage corn under paddy field conditions must be strengthened during early (V7) and grain fill stages (V14). When waterlogging occurs, surface and subsurface drainage should be implemented within 48 hours to control (no waterlogging) the groundwater level and, thus, minimize economic losses due to forage corn damage.



Grant : A survey on suitable agro-climatic zones and productivity change of forage under climate change, and assessing impact and vulnerability of forage to climate change

Supported by : Rural Development Administration


  1. Ahmadi, A. and Baker, D.J. 2001. The effect of water stress on the activities of key regulatory enzymes of the sucrose to starch pathway in wheat. Plant Growth Regulation. 35:81-91.
  2. Choi, G.J., Jung, J.S., Choi, K.C., Hwang, T.Y., Kim, J.H., Kim, W.H., Lee, E.J., Sung, K.I. and Lee, K.-W. 2019. Growth characteristic and productivity of forage corn varieties sown at the last ten days of may in central region of Korea. The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. 39:17-23.
  3. Dennis, E.S., Dolferus, R., Ellis, M., Rahman, M., Wu, Y., Hoeren, F., Grover, A., Ismond, K., Good, A. and Peacock, W.J. 2000. Molecular strategies for improving waterlogging tolerance in plants. Journal of Experimental Botany. 51:89-97.
  4. Ji, H.-C., Lee, S.-H., Yoon, S.-H., Kwon, O.-D., Choi, G.-J., Kim, W.-H., Kim, K.-Y. and Lim, Y.-C. 2010. Growth, forage production and quality of sorghum, sorghum$\times$sudangrass and sudangrass hybrids at paddy field in southern region of Korea. Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. 30:109-114.
  5. Jiang, D., Yue, H., Wollenweber, B., Tan, W., Mu, H., Bo, Y., Dai, T., Jing, Q., and Cao, W. 2009. Effects of post‐anthesis drought and waterlogging on accumulation of high‐molecular‐weight glutenin subunits and glutenin macropolymers content in wheat grain. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 195:89-97.
  6. Korea Meteorological Administration. Climate of Korea. Available from: Accessed Sep. 6, 2019.
  7. Liu, Y.-Z., Bin, T., Zheng, Y.-L., XU, S.Z. and QIU, F. 2010. Screening methods for waterlogging tolerance at maize (Zea mays L.) seedling stage. Agricultural Science in China. 9:362-369.
  8. Ministry of Agriculture. 2019. Main statistics in agriculture, livestock, and food.
  9. Mo'allim, A., Kamal, M., Muhammed, H., Yahaya, N., Zawawe, M., Man, H. and Wayayok, A. 2018. An assessment of the vertical movement of water in a flooded paddy rice field experiment using hydrus-1d. Agricultural Green Infrastructure for Nutrient Reduction in Watercheds. 10:783.
  10. Musgrave, M. and Ding, N. 1998. Evaluating wheat cultivars for waterlogging tolerance. Crop Science. 38:90-97.
  11. RDA. 2012. Investigation and analysis of research and technology in agriculture.
  12. Ren, B., Hu, J., Zhang, J., Dong, S., Liu, P. and Zhao, B. 2019. Spraying exogenous synthetic cytokinin 6‐benzyladenine following the waterlogging improves grain growth of waterlogged maize in the field. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2019:1-9
  13. Seo, S., Kim, J.G., Chung, E.S., Kim, W.H. and Kang, W.S. 2000. Effect of methods and rates of seeding on the forage production and nutritive value of sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid grown under application of animal manure. Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science. 20:49-54.
  14. Shin, S., Jung, G.-H., Kim, S.-G., Son, B.-Y., Kim, S.G., Lee, J.S., Kim, J.T., Bae, H.-H., Kwon, Y., Shim, K.-B., Lee, J.-E., Baek, S.B. and Jeon, W.-T. 2017. Effect of prolonged waterlogging on growth and yield of characteristics of maize (Zea mays L.) at early vegetative stage. Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. 37:271-276.
  15. Son, B.-Y., Kim, J.-T., Lee, J.-S., Baek, S.-B., Kim, W.-H. and Kim, J.-D. 2010. Comparison of growth characteristics and yield of silage corn hybrids by different planting dates at paddy and upland field. Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science. 30:237-246.
  16. Yang, H., Wen, Z., Huang, T., Lu, W. and Lu, D. 2019. Effects of waterlogging at grain formation stage on starch structure and functionality of waxy maize. Food Chemistry. 294:187-193.
  17. Yu, F., Liang, K., Fang, T., Zhao, H., Han, X., Cai, M. and Qiu, F. 2019. A group VII ethylene response factor gene, ZmEREB180, coordinates waterlogging tolerance in maize seedlings. Plant Biotechnology Journal. 2019:1-13.