The Effect of Presence and Interactivity of Digital Signage Using 3D Virtual Reality on Brand Experience and Attitude

3D 가상현실을 이용한 디지털 사이니지의 실재감과 상호작용성이 브랜드 경험과 태도에 미치는 효과

  • Han, Kwang-Seok (Division of Advertising and Public Relations, Namseoul University)
  • 한광석 (남서울대학교 광고홍보학과)
  • Received : 2019.01.31
  • Accepted : 2019.04.20
  • Published : 2019.04.28


In this study, we experimented with experience of digital signage using Virtual Reality technology, and the difference between presence and interactivity in brand experience and digital signage attitude. We conducted a two-way MANOVA analysis with cognitive presence, emotional presence, and media presence as the independent variable and interactivity level(high vs low) as dependent variables and the brand experience and attitude as dependent variables. First, cognitive presence was found to be most effective through behavioral experience when low interactivity. Second, emotional presence also has a positive effect on emotional experience when the level of interactivity is low. Third, media presence has a positive effect on emotional experience if the level of interactivity is low. This study suggests a communication strategy to communicate presence according to the characteristics of media strategy and technology through appropriate level of interactivity when using digital technology. Future research requires a qualitative approach rather than a quantitative one in terms of interactivity.

본 연구는 3D 가상현실(Virtual Reality) 기술을 활용하여 디지털 사이니지 광고를 경험하고 이를 통한 실재감과 상호작용성이 브랜드 경험과 디지털 사이니지 태도에 어떠한 차이가 나타나는지를 실험을 통해 규명하였다. 인지적 실재감, 감성적 실재감, 미디어 실재감과 상호작용성 수준(고 vs. 저)을 독립변인으로 하고 브랜드 경험과 태도를 종속 변인으로 하는 Two-Way MANOVA분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과, 첫째, 인지적 실재감은 상호작용성이 낮은 경우 행동적 경험을 통해 가장 효과적으로 형성되는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 감성적 실재감 역시 상호작용성 수준이 낮은 경우 감성적 경험에 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 미디어 실재감은 상호작용성 수준이 낮으면 감성적 경험에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 디지털 기술을 이용할 경우 적절한 수준의 상호작용성 수준을 통해 미디어 전략과 기술의 특성에 따른 실재감을 전달하는 커뮤니케이션 전략이 요구된다. 향후 연구에서는 상호작용성 수준에 있어 양적 차원이 아닌 질적 차원에서의 접근이 필요하다.


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Fig. 1. Research Model

Table 1. Result of MANOVA & ANOVA

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Table 2. Result of Hypothesis

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Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea


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