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A Preliminary Study on the Evaluation of Internal Exposure Effect by Radioactive Aerosol Generated During Decommissioning of NPPs by Using BiDAS

BiDAS를 적용한 원전 해체 공정 시 발생되는 방사성 에어로졸의 내부피폭 영향평가 사전 연구

  • Received : 2018.02.19
  • Accepted : 2018.08.08
  • Published : 2018.12.31

Abstract

Radioactive aerosol generated in cutting and melting work during the NPP decommissioning process can cause internal exposure to body through workers' breath. Thus, it is necessary to assess worker internal exposure due to the radioactive aerosol during decommissioning. The actually measured value of the working environment is needed for accurate assessment of internal exposure, but if it is difficult to actually measure that value, the internal exposure dose can be estimated through recommended values such as the fraction of amount of intake and the size of particles suggested by the International Committee on Radiological Protection (ICRP). As for the selection of particle size, this study applied a value of $5{\mu}m$, which is the size of particles considering the worker recommended by the ICRP. As for the amount of generation, the amount of intake was estimated using data on the mass of aerosol generated in a melting facility at a site in Kozloduy, Bulgaria. In addition, using these data, this study calculated the level of radioactivity in the worker's body and stool and conducted an assessment of internal exposure using the BiDAS computer code. The internal exposure dose of Type M was 0.0341 mSv, that of Type S was 0.0909 mSv. The two types of absorption showed levels that were 0.17% and 0.45% of the domestic annual dose limit, respectively.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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