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Factors Influencing Smartphone Addiction in Adolescents

청소년의 스마트폰 중독에 영향을 미치는 요인

  • Lee, Eun Jee (Department of Nursing, The Graduate School, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Yune Kyong (Department of Nursing, Masan University) ;
  • Lim, Su-Jin (College of Nursing, Incheon Catholic University)
  • 이은지 (연세대학교 대학원 간호학과) ;
  • 김윤경 (마산대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 임수진 (인천가톨릭대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2017.09.01
  • Accepted : 2017.10.18
  • Published : 2017.10.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the relationship among depression, school adjustment, parent-child bonding, parental control and smartphone addiction, and to identify factors which influence smartphone addiction in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 183 middle school students from 3 middle schools. Data collection was conducted through self-report questionnaires from April to May, 2017. Data were analyzed using ${\chi}^2$ test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation coefficient analysis, and binary logistic regression with SPSS Ver. 21.0. Results: The mean score for smartphone addiction was 29.40. Of the adolescents, 21.3% were in the smartphone addiction risk group. Logistic regression analysis showed that gender (OR=7.09, 95% Cl: 2.57~19.52), school life (OR=0.86, 95% Cl: 0.79~0.93), smartphone usage time (OR=1.32, 95% Cl: 1.04~1.66), and parental control (OR=4.70, 95% Cl: 1.04~21.29) were effect factors for the smartphone addiction risk group. Conclusion: Findings indicate that school satisfaction was an important factor in adolescents' smartphone addiction. Control oriented parent management of adolescents' smartphone use did not reduce the risk of smartphone addiction and may have worsen the addiction. Future research is needed to improve understanding of how teachers and parents will manage their adolescents' use of smartphones.

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