An Exploratory Study on Educational Significance and Environment of Flipped Learning

Flipped learning의 의의 및 교육환경에 관한 탐색적 연구

  • 이종연 (건국대학교 교육공학과) ;
  • 박상훈 (건국대학교 교육공학과) ;
  • 강혜진 (건국대학교 교육공학과) ;
  • 박성열 (건국대학교 교육공학과)
  • Received : 2014.06.17
  • Accepted : 2014.09.20
  • Published : 2014.09.28


Recently, there has been an effort to convert standardized educational system to customized one considering students' individual differences and aptitude. Flipped learning has been regarded as a teaching method fitting to this movement and has gained much interest by educators. Despite its increasing interest, its studies fall short in the quantity above all. This study investigated the concept of flipped learning and explored its educational value in terms of student' and teacher' perspectives. The study also examined the requirements to apply flipped learning to its practice. Flipped learning was found to accomplish mastery learning and to promote interaction between teacher and students and also peer-to-peer interaction. It was expected to reduce the burden of teacher's duties and secure his or her interest in students and the tutorial time for individual students. Essential elements in its application in practice included students' voluntary participation, the consent of their parents and support from their school and government. In addition, teachers' professional development was found to be important to improve their understanding and application of flipped learning in practice.

최근 교육현장에서는 강의 중심의 획일적인 수업방식에서 탈피하여 학생 개개인의 수준과 적성을 고려한 맞춤형 학습을 제공하고자 하는 움직임이 나타나고 있다. Flipped learning은 이런 움직임에 부합하는 수업방법으로 이에 대한 학계의 관심이 점점 높아지고 있다. 그러나 이런 관심에도 불구하고 아직까지 국내에서 flipped learning에 대한 연구는 미흡한 실정이다. 본 논문에서는 flipped learning의 개념을 알아보고, flipped learning이 갖는 교육적 의의를 학생과 교사 측면에서 살펴보고, 이를 실제 교육현장에 적용하기 위해 필요한 요소를 고찰하였다. Flipped learning의 도입은 완전학습을 구현하고 학생 간, 교사와 학생 간 상호작용을 촉진시킨다. 또한 교사의 수업준비에 대한 부담을 덜어줌과 동시에 학생에 대한 관심과 개별지도에 대한 시간을 확보해 준다. Flipped learning 적용에 있어 중요한 요소는 학생들의 자발적인 참여와 학부모의 동의, 학교 및 정부의 적극적인 지원이다. 이와 더불어, flipped learning에 대한 교사의 이해와 실행력을 높이기 위한 연수가 필요하다.



Supported by : 건국대학교


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