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종합병원 간호사의 감정노동이 직무몰입, 직무만족 및 이직의도에 미치는 영향

Influence of Emotional Labor on Job Involvement, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention of Clinical Nurses

  • 송명숙 (부산가톨릭대학교 간호대학)
  • 투고 : 2014.02.12
  • 심사 : 2014.06.12
  • 발행 : 2014.06.30

초록

본 연구의 목적은 종합병원 간호사의 감정노동이 직무몰입, 직무만족 및 이직의도에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위하여 시도된 서술적 조사연구이다. B시에 소재한 종합병원 간호사 258명에 대한 자료를 2013년 10월 11일부터 11월 30일까지 수집하여 SPSS win 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구 결과 감정노동은 평균 3.47점, 직무몰입은 2.94점, 직무만족 2.88점, 이직의도는 3.49점으로 나타났으며, 감정노동과 직무몰입, 직무만족과의 관계는 부적 상관관계를 나타냈으며, 이직의도와는 정적 상관관계를 나타냈다. 대상자의 일반적 특성을 통제한 후 감정노동은 직무몰입에 대해서는 33.9%, 직무만족에 대해서는 16%, 이직의도에 대해서는 19.8%의 설명력을 보였다. 이러한 결과는 감정노동이 종합병원 간호사의 직무몰입과 직무만족에 부정적으로 영향을 미치며, 간호업무수행에 높은 영향력을 미치게 되어 업무성과를 감소시키게 되고, 이직의도를 증가시키는 중요한 요인이 된다. 따라서 본 연구결과로 종합병원 간호사에게 감정노동을 관리하기 위한 전략을 마련하여 간호의 질적인 향상을 도모할 수 있을 것이다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 부산가톨릭대학교

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