• Title, Summary, Keyword: Clinical nurses

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Influence of Leader-Member Exchange Quality of Head Nurses and Clinical Nurses on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction in Clinical Nurses (수간호사와 일반간호사의 교환관계의 질이 일반간호사의 직무만족과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Yi, Hyang-Hwa;Yi, Yeo-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.195-205
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose was to identify the influence the quality of head and clinical nurses' LMX (Leader-Member Exchange) on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Methods: The participants were 42 head nurses and 202 clinical nurses who worked in 7 hospitals with more than 300 beds in I-city. The data were collected from March 10 to April 10, 2013 using a self-report questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using hierarchical regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. Results: The mean score for head nurses' LMX quality was 3.66 and for clinical nurses, 3.51. Clinical nurses' LMX quality and age had a positive impact on job satisfaction (F=8.00, p<.001). Clinical nurses' LMX quality and marriage (not single) had a positive impact on organizational commitment (F=6.76, p<.001). Conclusion: The LMX quality of head nurse was higher than that of clinical nurses, but did not positively affect clinical nurses' job satisfaction or organizational commitment indicating that the LMX quality of clinical nurses is more important than that of head nurse. Thus head nurses should make efforts to lead their units or teams in a positive and friendly way. This positive recognition will promote greater job satisfaction and organizational commitment of clinical nurses.

Nursing Competency, Self-Esteem, and Job Stress between Floating Nurses and Clinical Nurses (플로팅 간호사와 일반 간호사의 간호역량, 자아존중감, 직무 스트레스 비교 연구)

  • Ju, Won Jin;Kim, Miyoung
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.248-257
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to compare nursing competency, self-esteem, and job stress between floating nurses and clinical nurses. Methods: The data were collected between October $1^{st}$ and December $31^{st}$, 2015, from 43 floating nurses and 57 clinical nurses working at a tertiary care hospital in Seoul. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 23.0, using descriptive statistics and the t-test, $x^2$ test, ANCOVA, ANOVA, $Scheffe{\acute{e}}$ test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and Stepwise multiple regression. Results: The nursing competency of clinical nurses was significantly higher than that of floating nurses (F=4.370, p=.039). For both floating and clinical nurses, nursing competency was positively correlated with self-esteem (floating nurses, r=.47, p=.002; clinical nurses, r=.62, p<.001). Also, For both floating and clinical nurses, the most significant predictor of nursi ng competency was self-esteem(floating nurses, ${\beta}=0.45$, p=.001; clinical nurses, ${\beta}=0.60$, p<.001). Conclusi on: Efforts are needed to increase the nursing competency of the floating nurse through the improvement of the floating system, the nursing work environment, and continuous education. Also, as self- esteem is the most effective predictor of nursing competence, nursing intervention is needed to improve self-esteem of the floating nurse.

Effects of Self-leadership and Job Involvement on Clinical Competence in General Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 셀프리더십과 직무몰입이 임상수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Yonghee;Park, Youngrye
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.462-469
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was performed to identify the effects of self-leadership and job involvement on clinical competence in general hospital nurses. Methods: The participants in this study were 443 staff nurses working in general hospitals and having more than 6 months of nursing experience. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Results: There were significant positive correlations between nurses' self-leadership and job involvement, and between nurses' self-leadership and clinical competence. In the multiple regression analysis, clinical career, type of department and self-leadership were significant predictors in explaining nurses' clinical competence and accounted for 28% of the variance in nurses' clinical competence. Conclusion: Study findings suggest that nurses' self-leadership is defined as having an important influence on nurses' clinical competence. In order to strengthen nurses' clinical competence, there is a need to develop education programs to increase nurses' self-leadership.

A Coorientation Analysis of Perception on Bionursing between Clinical Nurses and Nursing Professors (기초간호자연과학 교육과 연구에 대한 임상 간호사와 간호학 교수의 상호지향성 인식)

  • Choe, Myoung-Ae;An, Gyeong-Ju;Jeong, Jae-Sim
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.212-220
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare perception on bionursing and satisfaction and importance about bionursing subjects of clinical nurses with that of professors using a coorientation model. Methods: Subjects for this study consisted of 135 clinical nurses at a tertiary hospital and 114 nursing professors. Questionnaire for perception on bionursing consisted of competency of professor, linkage with clinical practice and research of bionursing. Perceptions on bionursing education and research, satisfaction and importance about subjects of bionursing were measured. The data were analyzed by t-test. Results: Perception of clinical nurses on research of bionursing was more positive than professors. Perception of professors on research of bionursing was significantly less than that of professors estimated by clinical nurses. Perception of clinical nurses on linkage with clinical practice and research of bionursing estimated by nursing professor was significantly less than that of clinical nurses. Satisfaction of clinical nurses with the subjects of bionursing was significantly less than that of professors. Clinical nurses perceived anatomy the most important while professors perceived physiology the most important. Conclusion: Perceptions of clinical nurses on bionursing as well as satisfaction and importance about subjects of bionursing were identified to be different from those of professors.

Risk Factors of Blood and Body Fluid Exposure in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 혈액과 체액 노출 위험요인)

  • Shin, Eun-Jung;Park, Ho-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.368-375
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors of exposure to blood and body fluid by clinical nurses. Method: The participants in this descriptive study were 276 clinical nurses involved in nursing care in a general hospital located in Seoul. The collected data were analyzed using a logistic regression model. Results: The annual exposure rate to blood and body fluid by clinical nurses was 66.3%, and the ratio was higher in the exposed group than in the non-exposed group for nurses under the age of 25, nurses who were unmarried, nurses with low clinical experience, and nurses who work night shifts more than six days a week. Clinical nurses who were unmarried were 1.9 times more likely to have been exposed compared to married nurses. Nurses whose work experience was less than 18 months were 2.7 times more at risk than nurses with more than 18 months of experience. Also, nurses whose fatigue scores were high had an increased chance of exposure (1.9 times). Conclusion: It is necessary to provide intensive training programs for clinical nurses who are in the early months of their career and are likely to be young and unmarried, in order to prevent exposure to blood and body fluid. Administrative supports to self-control and hospital ward operation measures to relieve nurses' fatigue should be provided.

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Clinical Nurse's Organizational Commitment and Influencing Factors (부산시내 일개 대학병원 간호사의 조직몰입에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jung, Kwuy-Im;Oh, Chang-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2011
  • This study was designed to identify organizational commitment and influencing factors in clinical nurses. A cross-sectional design was conducted with a sample of 322 clinical nurses randomly selected from university hospital in Korea. The tools used for this study were scales measuring organizational commitment(15 items), job satisfaction(41 items). The data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0 employing pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. The mean score for organizational commitment in clinical nurses was 3.77 points. Factors influencing organizational commitment in clinical nurses were identified as job satisfaction(${\beta}$=.388), belief presence level(${\beta}$=.206). These factors explained 13.4% of organizational commitment reported by clinical nurses. The results indicate which factors are major factors influencing organizational commitment in clinical nurses. Therefore, these factors may serve as predictors of organizational commitment in clinical nurses.

Nurses' Image perceived by Student Nurses before and after their First Clinical Practice (첫 임상실습 전.후 간호학생이 지각한 간호사 이미지)

  • Yang, Jin-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.64-72
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify changes in nurses' image of student nurses before and after their first clinical practice. Method: Study samples were composed of 78 student nurses who were from nursing dept. of one college in G city. All participants had their first clinical practice for 4 weeks at two general hospitals in Gwangju. The internal consistency of the total scale was Cronbach's $\alpha$= .883. Results: After the first clinical practice, the mean score of nurses' image in general was lower than that of nurses' image before the clinical practice. In five subcategories, before the first clinical practice, professionalism and expertness were the highest followed by role performance, vision of a career, and temperature as a nurse in order but after the first clinical practice, professionalism was the highest score followed by expertness, temperature as a nurse, role performance, vision of a career in the mean scores of nurses' image. Conclusion: Based upon these findings, clinical practice will play an important role in improving role performance and vision of a nursing career for student nurses, so nursing administrators should make efforts to improve image of nurses in a variety of practice.

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Study on values and value change in clinical nurses (임상간호사들의 가치관 및 가치성향에 대한 연구)

  • 이경혜;방희숙;왕임순
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.279-294
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to determine values and value changes in clinical nurses in clinical situations. A survey was conducted of 200 nurses of one of university hospital in Seoul Korea. This study was conducted between July 1 and July 5, 1994, using the Survey of Interpersonal Values (SIV) developed by L. V. Gordon, and standardized for Korea by Kyung Hye Lee & Eung Yun Hwang. The results of the study were as follows, 1. The clinical nurses surveyed showed Independence(18.32 : 63rd percentile) as their highest value, with Support(14.8 : 62nd percentile) next and then Benevolence(16.28 53rd percentile), Leadership(9.06 : 46th percentile), Conformity(18.15 : 42nd percentile) and Recognition(18.32 : 41s1 percentile) in that order in the area of general values. Using a standardised women's value Indicator, the clinical nurses value orientation was within the 32nd∼69th percentile indicating means found among Korean women in general. 2. Looking at how the values were related to demographics, Leadership was most highly valued among the 30∼34 year olds and least valued among the 25∼29 year olds. Unmarried nurses valued Independence more than married nurses did, and junior college graduate nurses valued Conformity more than baccalaureate graduate nurses did. 3. The study showed that the values of with less than one year (16.00) clinical experience were higher than those who had over 10 years (13.60) clinical experience (p<.05). Therefore clinical experience did not positively influence value orientation for clinical nurses. 4. There was no significant differences in the value of nurses in relation to their workplace, their level of motivation, or their aptitude. The study shows that clinical nurses have similar values compared with ordinary Korean women. This means that professional nurses may not be able to satisfy client needs and also that they do not have satisfaction and a positive attitude regarding the nursing profession. Therefore it is suggested that new strategies and continuing education programs be established to help clinical nurses fomulate higher values.

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A Comparative Study on Main Role, Professional Self Concept and Job Satisfaction of Public Health Nurses and Clinical Nurses (보건 간호사와 임상간호사의 주된 역할, 전문직 자아개념과 직무만족정도 비교)

  • 성기월
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.219-230
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    • 2002
  • This study was aimed at comparing and evaluating one main role, the professional self concept and job satisfaction of public health nurses and clinical nurses. Method: The data was collected from 72 nurses in 8 health centers and 86 nurses in 5 hospitals in Daegu city and Kyungpook province from May 5th to June 5th, 2001. This study was interviewed by trained social workers. The origin of questionnaires used in this study were PSCNI(Professional Self-Concept of Nurses Instrument) to measure the professional self concept of nurses and JDI(Job Descriptive Index) to measure the job satisfaction of nurses. The data was analyzed by SAS(version 6.12) and statistical methods used were Chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA(analysis of variables) and ANCOVA(analysis of covariate). Result: The findings of this study were as follows: 1. The most important domain in the main role of public health nurses were as counsellors, managers, mediators and evaluators. In clinical nurses, their main roles were, directors of nursing, researchers, spokesmans, and informers. 2. Public health nurses showed lower scores in the professional self concept of nurses than clinical nurses, what statistically significant tool was used to suggest this finding. 3. Public health nurses showed higher scores in job satisfaction than clinical nurses, but again, explain the tool used in these findings for give a rationals. 4. For public health nurses, general characteristics which affected professional self concept were age, educational level, and duration of job. In clinical nurses, the general characteristics which affected professional self concept were age, religion, marital status, and duration of job. 5. For public health nurses, there was no general characteristic which affected job satisfaction. In clinical nurses, the general characteristics which affected job satisfaction were age, religion, and duration of job. Conclusion: Nursing profession should give a training to competent nurses who can deliver high quality care to meet the needs of health consumers. The role of nurses has been expended and specialized as health conception has been changed in Korea.

Revised Clinical Ladder System Model Based on Nurses' Clinical Competence and Professional Activities for Nurses in General Hospitals (종합병원 간호사의 간호역량, 전문성 활동에 따른 임상경력관리체계 수정모형)

  • Cho, Myung Sook;Kwon, In Gak;Kim, Kyung Hee;Cho, Yong Ae
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.324-335
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to propose a revised Clinical Ladder System(CLS) Model for nurses based on the evaluation of clinical competence and professional activities of nurses working in general hospitals. Methods: Data were collected between September 10 and October 30, 2017. Participants were 50 head nurses from 10 general hospitals with over 400 beds located in Seoul City and Gyeonggi Province. Each head nurse evaluated clinical competence, qualifications, and professional activities of 5 staff nurses at each of the 5 levels of CLS in her unit. The total number of the nurses evaluated was 245. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and t-test, one-way ANOVA, and $Scheff{\acute{e}}$. Results: Over 80% of the nurses were university graduates. As the CLS levels increased, clinical competence, qualifications, and professional activities also increased significantly. Education material development and quality improvement activities were carried out by nurses from level 2, research and evidence based practice activities were carried out from level 3, and nurses at level 4 or 5 participated in most of the professional activities as leaders. Conclusion: In order to retain excellent nurses in general hospitals, recognizing and rewarding nurses according to the revised model of the CLS are recommended.