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The Mediating Effects of Maternal Control Strategies on the Relationship between Preschoolers' Temperament and Compliance/Noncompliance

유아의 기질과 순응/불순응 행동 간의 관계에서 어머니의 통제전략의 매개적 효과

  • 신나나 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 도현심 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 김민정 (남서울대학교 아동복지학과) ;
  • 송승민 (수원대학교 아동가족복지학과) ;
  • 김수지 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 윤기봉 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 두정일 (한양대학교 교육대학원)
  • Received : 2014.09.30
  • Accepted : 2014.12.04
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of maternal control strategies on the relationship between preschoolers' temperament and compliance/noncompliance. A total of 125 mothers with preschoolers aged 3 and 4 years participated in this study. Preschoolers' temperament was reported by mothers. Maternal control strategies and preschoolers' compliance/noncompliance were observed in the laboratory using a clean-up task. There were four major findings. First, preschoolers with higher levels of activity exhibited less compliance, and preschoolers with higher levels of adaptability and activity displayed more noncompliance. Second, preschoolers whose mothers used fewer commands and more compliments displayed more compliance and less noncompliance. Third, mothers who rated their children higher in activity level used more commands with their children. Finally, the use of maternal commands mediated the association between preschoolers' activity level and compliance/noncompliance. When preschoolers' activity level and maternal control strategies were considered together to predict preschoolers' compliance/noncompliance, the relationship between activity level and compliance/noncompliance became nonsignificant. These findings suggest that the effects of temperament on compliance/noncompliance are indirect through maternal control strategies.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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