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Effects of the Applications of Clay Minerals on the Early Growth of Red Pepper in Growing Medium

점토광물 처리에 따른 상토에서 고추의 초기생장 효과

  • Lee, Dong-Gi (Division of Life Science, Korea Basic Science Institute) ;
  • Lee, Seok-Eon (Department of Environmental Biology and Chemistry, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Deok-Hyun (Department of Environmental Biology and Chemistry, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Hong, Hyeon-Ki (Department of Environmental Biology and Chemistry, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Nam, Ju-Hyun (Division of Life Science, Korea Basic Science Institute) ;
  • Choi, Jong-Soon (Division of Life Science, Korea Basic Science Institute) ;
  • Lee, Moon-Soon (Department of Industrial Plant, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Woo, Sun-Hee (Department of Crop Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Chung, Keun-Yook (Department of Environmental Biology and Chemistry, Chungbuk National University)
  • 이동기 (한국기초과학지원연구원 생명과학연구부) ;
  • 이석언 (충북대학교 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 김덕현 (충북대학교 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 홍현기 (충북대학교 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 남주현 (한국기초과학지원연구원 생명과학연구부) ;
  • 최종순 (한국기초과학지원연구원 생명과학연구부) ;
  • 이문순 (충북대학교 특용식물학과) ;
  • 우선희 (충북대학교 식물자원학과) ;
  • 정근욱 (충북대학교 환경생명화학과)
  • Received : 2012.07.11
  • Accepted : 2012.08.06
  • Published : 2012.08.30

Abstract

As the advanced seeding technology through use of plug tray for good cultivation of seeds was propagated along with the expansion and development of horticultural industry, the use of bed soils as growing medium has recently been increased. In this study, the effects of the four clay minerals such as illite, phyllite, zeolite, and bentonite on the early growth of red pepper in the bed soil were investigated. Furthermore, proteome analysis for the leaf and stem samples of red pepper treated with only illite was performed. Of the seedling cultured, the healthy and regular size seeds were selected and cultivated in the pots, after they were treated with four clay minerals. The experiment was performed during the whole six weeks in the glasshouse of the Chungbuk National University. The growth lengths, fresh and dry weights of red pepper were significantly higher in the treatments of illite, phyllite, zeolite, and bentonite than in the control. In addition, the uptake of $K^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, and $Mg^{2+}$ were higher in the treatment of illite, phyllite, zeolite, and bentonite than in the control. The 2-DE patterns for the red pepper by the applications of illite, phyllite, zeolite, and bentonite were similar to each other. Therefore, compared to the samples of control, the proteome analysis for the samples of red pepper treated by only illite were performed. Proteome analysis for red pepper showed that plastid fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate aldolase class 1, aldolase, and glyceraldehydes 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, all of which were involved in the energy metabolism, were highly expressed in leaf tissue by illite treatment. In stem tissue, NAD-dependent formate dehydrogenase involved in energy metabolism, potassium transport protein, and GIA/RGA-like gibberellins response modulator were highly expressed. Based on the results obtained from the proteome analysis, it appears that the proteins specifically and differentially expressed on the illite treatment may be involved in the enhanced growth of red pepper. The identification of some proteins involved in the response of vegetable crops to the treatment of clay mineral can provide new insights that can lead to a better elucidation and understanding of mechanism on their molecular basis.

최근 원예산업의 발달로 인해 모종의 연중 생산량이 증가되고 플러그 트레이를 이용한 양질의 모종을 편리하게 키울수 있는 육묘기술이 보급되면서 상토의 사용량이 크게 증가되었다. 본 연구에서는 4가지 점토광물 일라이트, 필라이트, 제올라이트, 벤토나이트의 상토 첨가 시 고추의 초기 성장에 대한 효과를 알아보았다. 또한 일라이트 처리 시 고추 잎과 줄기의 시료에 대한 프로테옴 분석을 수행하였다. 포트에 있는 상토에 4가지 점토광물을 각각 처리한 이후에 트레이서 재배된 모종 중에서 건강하고 규칙적인 크기를 가진 모종을 선별하여 포트에서 재배하였다. 본 연구는 6주 동안 충북대학교 유리 온실에서 수행되었다. 4가지 점토광물 처리에 따른 고추의 초장, 뿌리와 줄기의 생중량과 건중량은 무처리와 비교해서 모든 점토광물 처리구에서 높게 나타났다. 그리고 고추의 뿌리, 줄기, 잎에서 양이온 $K^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$의 흡수량은 무처리구보다 모든 점토광물 처리구에서 높게 나타났다. 고추 시료에 대한 프로테옴 분석을 실시한 결과 잎 조직에서는 에너지 대사에 관련 단백질인 plastid fructose-1, 6-bisphosphat aldolase class 1, aldolase 및 glyceraldehydes 3-phosphate dehydrogenase가 대조구보다 더 많이 발현되는 것을 보여주었다. 줄기 조직에서는 에너지 대사에 관련된 NAD-dependent formate dehydrogenase, potassium(K) 운송 단백질, 지베렐린 반응 조절에 관련된 GIA/RGA 단백질 등이 대조구보다 더 많이 발현되는 것을 보여주었다. 프로테옴 분석으로 얻어진 결과를 보면 일라이트 처리 시 특이하게 차별적으로 발현된 단백질이 고추의 초기 생장 증진에 관련된 것으로 사료된다. 그러므로 점토광물의 처리에 대한 채소작물의 반응에 관련된 몇몇 단백질의 동정은 그들의 분자적인 기작 구명을 이해하는 데 새로이 기여할 것으로 사료된다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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