The Relationship between Parental Physical Affection and Child Physical Aggression among Japanese Preschoolers

  • Received : 2011.10.26
  • Accepted : 2012.01.15
  • Published : 2012.02.28


The present study, based on Tiffany Field's model of violence and intimacy as well as other previous research, examines the relationship between parents' physical affection and their child's aggressive behavior. One hundred seventy-five mothers and 124 fathers of Japanese preschoolers answered a questionnaire that included a parental physical affection scale developed for this study. Children's aggressive behaviors were rated by their teachers on the hostile-aggressive subscale of the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire. Consistent with Field's model and previous studies, the results of logistic regression analyses indicated that children who received more physical affection from mothers or fathers during daily parenting were less likely to be aggressive at preschool. When the mother's and the father's physical affection scores were simultaneously entered in the equation, only the father's score was significant. Implications and limitations of the research are discussed.



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