• Title/Summary/Keyword: preschool children

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The Effects of Preschool Children's Age and Mothers' Modes of Verbal Control on Children's Lying (연령과 어머니의 언어통제유형이 유아의 거짓말에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, You-Lee;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Choi, Mi-Kyoung
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.191-201
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    • 2008
  • This study examined how preschool children's age and mothers' modes of verbal control affect children's lying. A sample of 108 preschool children aged from 3 to 6 participated in a lying experiment. Their mothers answered questionnaires regarding the mothers' modes of verbal control. Preschool children's lying was measured by the Guessing Game Experiment developed by Talwar and Lee(2002). Mothers' modes of verbal control were measured by Jung's(2005) scale for preschool children. To analyze the data, crosstabs and logistic regression analyses were conducted. The results of the experiment showed that three-year-old children are able to lie intentionally. The older preschool children lied more than the younger ones. Mothers' imperative and personal modes of verbal control were positively related to preschool children's lying. The most significant variable on preschool children's lying was mother's imperative modes of verbal control, followed by personal modes of verbal control, which emphasizes the crucial influence of parenting on preschool children's lying.

The Effects of Preschool Children′s Food Habits and Past Lactation Types on Dental Health Status -with Special Reference to the Preschool Children in a Section of Kyungki Province - (영유아기의 수유형태와 식행동이 치아우식증에 미치는 영향 -경기도 일부 지역 유아를 중심으로-)

  • 김영진;이윤희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.419-428
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of pre-school children's past lactation types and food habits on dental health status. This study was carried out by analyzing the information obtained from oral inspection of 163 preschool children and questionnaires answered by their mothers. The results are as follows: 1. 80.4% of the preschool children have decayed and filled teeth. 2. The older they are, the more decayed and filled teeth they have 3. The earlier they started to have weaning foods, the more decayed and filled teeth they have. Preschool children who started weaning foods after 12 months of their birth have significantly more decayed and filled teeth. 4. Preschool children who had weaning foods by using milk-bottles have significantly more decayed and filled teeth than others. 5. Preschool children who had weaning foods regularly have significantly less decayed and filled teeth. 6. Preschool children who have frequently skipped breakfast have the least decayed and filled teeth. 7. Preschool children who would like to have sweet things have significantly more decayed and filled teeth than others.

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The Effects of Visual Health Promotion Program for Preschool Children (학령전기 아동의 시력건강증진 프로그램 효과)

  • Yoon, Young-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of visual health promotion program for preschool children. Method: The experimental group participating in the visual health promotion program was 32 preschool children and the control group consisted of 34 preschool children by homogeneous age. The visual health promotion program was based on articles related to childern's visual health promotion and previous education program. Data were collected with 3 questionnaires that modified by the investigator. The data was analyzed by the SPSS win 10.0 program using descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, t-test. Result: The level of knowledge about visual health promotion of preschool children who participated in the visual health promotion program was significantly higher than preschool children who did not participate(t=.02, P<.001). The level of behavior about visual health promotion of preschool children who participated in the visual health promotion program was significantly higher than preschool children who did not participate(t=.31, P<.001). Conclusion: The visual health promotion program developed in this study is an effective strategy for nursing intervention by increasing knowledge and behavior about visual health promotion of preschool children.

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A Structural Model Analysis of the Effects of Attachment, Temperament, and Playfulness on Preschool Children (유아 놀이성에 영향을 미치는 기질, 애착 간의 구조모형분석)

  • Lee, Chae Ho
    • Korean Journal of Child Education & Care
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.203-215
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationship among preschool children's attachments, preschool children's temperaments and children's playfulness. Participants of this study were 275 child care teachers and preschool child mother's from U-city. The collected data were analyzed by structure equation model analysis using SPSS and AMOS program. Fitness was evaluated using the ${\chi}^2$, RMSEA, NNFI, CFI, and SRMR. The results of this study were as follows. First, there was a positive correlation between preschool children's attachments and preschool children's playfulness, and a positive correlation between preschool children's temperaments and preschool children's playfulness. Second, preschool children's attachments had a significant direct effect on preschool children's playfulness and preschool children's temperaments also had a significant indirect effect on preschool children's playfulness.

The Application of Customized Evidence-based Counseling for Abused Preschool Children in Day Care Centers: Focusing on the Multidisciplinary Cooperative Linking System (보육현장 아동학대에 대한 근거기반 맞춤형 개입 모델 개발 및 적용: 다학제간 협력적 연계 시스템을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyung-Sook;Park, Jinah
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the application of the multidisciplinary model, which is customized evidence-based counseling for abused preschool children done by a day care center teacher. Methods: The participants were 16 preschool children which were abused by a day care center teacher and their parents. The data were analyzed by using the Wilcoxon Signed-rank test. Results: The multidisciplinary cooperative service model based on customized evidence-based counseling for abused preschool children, their parents, and day care center teachers was developed. Based on this model, customized evidence-based Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) emergency intervention was provided to preschool children abused by a day care teacher in Incheon. The multidisciplinary cooperative emergency intervention service proved to be effective in reducing emotional and behavioral problems of abused preschool children and enhancing the mental health of parents. Conclusion/Implications: The results of this study indicated that the customized evidence-based counseling for abused preschool children done by a day care center teacher using the multidisciplinary cooperative linkage system would be effective, and that child abuse prevention by day care center teachers and intervention services should be provided systematically at the national level.

Effects of Parental Leadership and Verbal Control Modes on Preschool Children's Leadership (부모의 리더십과 언어통제유형이 유아의 리더십에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Young Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.249-259
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the effects of parental leadership and verbal control modes on preschool children's leadership. The sample included 202 children between the ages of 4 and 5 and their mothers, and data were collected using an index of parental leadership, an index of parental verbal control, and an inventory of preschool children's leadership. A statistical analysis was conducted using a t-test, a correlation analysis, and a multiple regression analysis. According to the results, there were significant differences in preschool children's leadership according to the child's age. According to a correlation analysis, parental leadership and verbal person-oriented control modes had significant positive correlations with preschool children's leadership, and imperative control and position-oriented control modes had negative correlations. In addition, parental leadership and verbal control modes were significant predictors of preschool children's leadership. In particular, parents' communication skill, relationship skill, group activity skill, person-oriented control mode, and position-oriented control mode were significant predictors of preschool children's leadership.

A epidemiological study on the oral health in preschool children for the development of community based oral health program in Sungnam city (성남시 보건소 유아구강보건사업 개발을 위한 구강건강실태에 관한 조사연구)

  • Ahn, Yong-Soon;Kim, Mi-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 2001
  • Dental caries causes the majority of tooth loss among Koreans. Korea is experiencing an increase in dental caries. And it shows a high prevalence of caries in preschool children, which contrasted with the much-improved situation in developed countries. So, it is important to control caries from preschool periods in Korea. Recently, inspections of the teeth of preschool children for evidence of dental disease became a legislative duty in Korea following Oral Health Act(2000). But, standardized oral health programs in preschool children is not yet proposed. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an community based oral health program in preschool children. The purpose of this study was to obtain basic data for the development of community based oral health program in preschool children of Sungnam city. Oral health status in primary dentition were surveyed in 862 2-6 year-old preschool children of Sungnam city by WHO criteria. From the data, df rate, percentage of preschool child ren with active caries, dft index, dt rate, percentage of preschool children with pit and fissure sealant of each age were calculated, and discussed. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The experience of dental caries in primary dentition showed a tendency to increase quickly between 2 and 3 year old children. So, the oral health program in preschool children should be developed to prevent dental caries and control their oral health under three years of age. 2. In 5 year-old children, the percentage with active caries was 60.8% and dft index was 5.06. The dt rate showed a tendency to decrease as proportion to age, but even though 6 year-old children, the dt rate was 47.7%. Therefore, the annual screening dental examination and oral health education programs at the institution for preschool children should be developed to detect and treat dental caries in primary dentition at early stage. 3. The percentage of preschool children with pit and fissure sealant at six years of age was 10.2%. So, pit and fissure sealant and professional fluoride application programs in Public Health Center should be developed to prevent dental caries. 4. Also, it is necessary to establish oral health goals in preschool children and develop water fluoridation program 10 improve and preserve oral health of preschool children in Seongnam city, effectively.

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Effects of Preschool Children's Gender, Temperament, Emotional Regulation and Maternal Parenting Stress on Children's Overt Aggression and Relational Aggression (유아의 외현적 공격성 및 관계적 공격성에 대한 유아의 성, 기질, 정서조절능력, 어머니의 양육 스트레스의 영향)

  • Han, Jun Ah;Cho, Yoonjoo;Kim, Jihyun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.599-611
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study were (1) to explore the gender differences in children's overt aggression and relational aggression and (2) to investigate the effects of preschool children's gender, temperament, emotional regulation, and maternal parenting stress on overt aggression and relational aggression. The participants were 173 preschool children and their mothers from three day care center and two kindergarten in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlations, and multiple regressions. The results were as follows: (1) There was statistically significant gender difference in preschool children's overt aggression, but there was statistically no significant gender difference in preschool children's relational aggression. Boys displayed more overt aggression than girls. (2) Preschool children's emotional regulation and activity explained children's overt aggression and relational aggression. When preschool children expressed more emotional regulation, they showed less overt aggression and relational aggression. Preschool children, who perceived having more activity from mothers, diaplayed more overt aggression and relational aggression. Gender was found to affect preschool children's overt aggression.

Mother-child Interactions and Quality of Life of Preschool Children with Epilepsy as Perceived by Mothers (어머니가 인식한 학령전기 뇌전증 아동의 모아상호작용과 삶의 질)

  • Lim, Suk Jin;Bang, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.88-99
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine mother-child interactions and the quality of life of preschool children with epilepsy as perceived by mothers, and to investigate the relation between mother-child interactions and the quality of life of preschool children with epilepsy. Methods: Participants for this study consist of 92 mothers of children with epilepsy aged three to six years who were treated at university hospitals and a city hospital located in Seoul, Korea. The instruments used for this study were mother-child interactions of preschool children scale and the Korean version of the TAPQOL (TNO-AZL Preschool children Quality of Life). Results: The level of mother-child interactions for preschool children with epilepsy showed a mean score 125.91. The category of dyadic domain was rated the highest while the child domain category was rated the lowest. The level of mother-child interactions for preschool children with epilepsy showed a significant difference according to the mother-child relationship, birth history, seizure frequency, number of antiepileptic drugs and combined disabilities. The quality of life of children with epilepsy showed a significant difference according to the mother-child relationship, birth history, seizure frequency, number of antiepileptic drugs and combined disabilities. There is a statistically significant positive correlation between mother-child interactions and quality of life of preschool children with epilepsy. Conclusion: This study suggests that the mother-child interaction of preschool children with epilepsy showed a tendency to be led by mothers. In order to stimulate mother-child interactions, mothers should help their children enhance their reaction and participation.

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Effects of Maternal Parenting Stress, Coping Style, and Marital Satisfaction on Preschool Children's Withdrawal Behavior (어머니의 양육 스트레스, 갈등대처행동 및 결혼만족도가 유아의 위축행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jihyun;Cho, Yoon Joo;Han, Jun Ah
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.403-412
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the general tendencies of maternal parenting stress, coping style, marital satisfaction and preschool children's withdrawal behavior as well as to investigate the effects of maternal parenting stress, coping style, and marital satisfaction on preschool children's withdrawal behavior. The participants involved 86 mothers of preschoolers and their teachers from one day care center and two kindergartens in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province. Maternal parenting stress, coping style and marital satisfaction were assessed by the mothers' self-reports, whereas the preschool children's withdrawal behavior was assessed by the teacher's report. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t-test and multiple regressions. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS ver. 15.0. The major findings were summarized as follows: There were no differences between maternal parenting stress, coping style and marital satisfaction between mothers of boys and girls. Further, there were differences in preschool children's withdrawal behavior between boys and girls; girls showed more withdrawal behaviors than boys. Typical stress due to parenting, outsider's help coping style and marital satisfaction explained the withdrawal behavior of preschool children. As the level of typical stress increase in mothers, preschool children showed increased withdrawal behavior. Moreover, as mothers used fewer outsider's help coping style and had lower marital satisfaction, their preschool children's showed increased withdrawal behavior. In conclusion, maternal parenting stress, coping style and marital satisfaction significantly influence on preschool children's withdrawal behavior.