Effect of Dimethylformamide on Post-Thaw Motility, Acrosome Integrity, and DNA Structure of Frozen Boar Sperm

  • Hwang, You-Jin (Division of Biological Science, Gachon University of Medicine and Science) ;
  • Yang, Jae-Hun (Division of Biological Science, Gachon University of Medicine and Science) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Ok (Division of Biological Science, Gachon University of Medicine and Science) ;
  • Kim, Bo-Kyung (Division of Biological Science, Gachon University of Medicine and Science) ;
  • Choi, Seon-Kyu (Division of Biological Science, Gachon University of Medicine and Science) ;
  • Park, Choon-Keun (Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Dae-Young (Division of Biological Science, Gachon University of Medicine and Science)
  • Published : 2009.12.31


The beneficial effect of glycerol as a cryoprotectant, especially for sperm cryopreservation, has been shown in many studies. However, glycerol is toxic to living cells, and boar sperm in particular show greater sensitivity to glycerol than sperm from other domestic animals. Amides have been studied as alternative cryoprotectants for freezing stallion sperm. Sperm frozen in methylformamide or dimethylformamide as cryoprotectants show similar motility when thawed compared with sperm frozen in glycerol. We evaluated the cryoprotective effects of dimethylformamide on boar sperm freezing. To test the effect of amides, the concentration of boar semen was adjusted to $10^9sperm/mL$, and seminal plasma was removed using Hulsen solution. After centrifugation, the pellet was diluted in modified-Modena B extender. Lactose-egg yolk (LEY) extender was used as the cooling extender. The freezing extender was madeed aaddition of the optimal amount of glycerol and amides to LEY-Glycerol-Orvus ES Paste extender, and this extender was used for the second dilution. Diluted sperm were frozen in liquid nitrogen using the 0.5 mL straw method. Sperm frozen in extender with glycerol as a cderol were compared with those frozen in extender including the different amides. Sperm were tested for motility, viability, the sperm chromatin structure assay, and normal apical ridge after thawing. The percent of motile sperm diluted in glycerol was as high as that in the stallion study (61%). Dimethylformamide showed positive effects on sperm quality and was better than glycerol. Methylformamide provided similar sperm quality as glycerol. Therefore, dimethylformamide is useful for reducing cryoinjury in boar sperm and is expected to be useful as an alternative cryoprotectant.


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