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Effect of Germination Time and Extrusion Temperature on Properties of Germinated Brown Rice

발아시간과 압출성형온도가 발아현미의 성질에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 2007.05.30

Abstract

In order to develop a novel food utilization of germinated brown rice, physicochemical properties of germinated brown rice and its extrudates were investigated. The physical characteristics, the paste viscosity, and the anti-oxidation activity were analyzed. Brown rice was soaked for 10 hr and germinated for 24 and 48 hr at $30^{\circ}C$. Extrusion conditions of brown rice and germinated brown rice were barrel temperature at 100 and $120^{\circ}C$ and moisture content at 20%. The expansion ratio increased with the increase in germination time. It increased at barrel temperature of $100^{\circ}C$, and decreased at $120^{\circ}C$. The bulk density showed negative corporations with the expansion ratio. The paste viscosity of germinated brown rice was decreased with the increase in the germination time. However the paste viscosity of extrudates was lower as barrel temperature increased. Content of polyphenolic compound in extrudates was increased by increasing germination time and barrel temperature.

본 연구는 식미가 뛰어난 압출성형 발아현미 식품소재 개발에 대한 기초 연구로서 원료 발아현미와 압출성형 발아현미의 물리적 특성, 페이스트 점도, 색도 및 항산화성 등을 비교 검토하였다. 발아는 24 hr, 48 hr 동안 $30^{\circ}C$에서 실시하였으며, 현미 및 24시간, 48시간 발아현미를 시료로 하였다. 쌍축 동방향 압출성형기를 사용하여 수분함량 20%, 배럴온도는 $100^{\circ}C$$120^{\circ}C$로 조절하여 압출성형하였다. 압출성형물의 발아시간에 따른 팽화율은 배럴온도 $100^{\circ}C$에서는 증가, $120^{\circ}C$에서는 감소하였으며, 밀도는 $100^{\circ}C$에서 감소, $120^{\circ}C$에서 증가하여 팽화율과는 음의 상관관계를 나타내었다. 발아시간에 따른 파괴력은 배럴온도 $100^{\circ}C$에서는 증가하였으며, $120^{\circ}C$에서는 감소하였다. 페이스트 점도는 발아현미는 발아시간에 따라 페이스트 점도가 감소하였으나, 압출성형물은 발아시간에 관계없이 배럴온도 $100^{\circ}C$$120^{\circ}C$보다 약간 높은 페이스트 점도를 나타내었다. 색도의 명도는 압출성형물간의 유의적 차이는 나타나지 않았으며 갈색도는 배럴온도 $100^{\circ}C$에서는 24 hr 발아현미가, $120^{\circ}C$에서는 48 hr 발아현미가 가장 높은 값을 나타내었다. 환원당 함량은 발아시간이 증가할수록 증가하였다. $\gamma$-Oryzanol의 함량은 발아시간이 증가할수록 약간 감소하였으며, 압출성형에서는 배럴 온도가 증가할수록 감소하는 경향을 나타내었다. Polyphenolic compound 함량은 발아시간이 증가할수록 감소하는 것으로 나타났으나 압출성형물에서는 발아시간이 증가하고 배럴 온도가 증가할수록 polyphenolic compound 함량은 증가하는 것으로 나타났다.

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