A Study on the Heat Transfer Characteristics of Turbulent Round Jet Impinge on the Inclined Concave Surface Using Transient Liquid Crystal Method

과도액정 기법을 이용한 오목표면 경사각도에 따른 난류 충돌 제트의 열전달 특성에 관한 연구

  • 임경빈 (한밭대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 이창희 (한양대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 이상훈 (한밭대학교 대학원 기계공학과)
  • Published : 2006.07.01


The effects of concave hemispherical surface with inclined angle on the local heat transfer from a turbulent round jet impinging were experimentally investigated using transient liquid crystal method. This method suddenly exposes a preheated wall to an impinging jet and then the video system records the response of liquid crystals for the measurement of the surface temperature. The Reynolds numbers were used 11000, 23000 and 50000, nozzle-to-surface distance ratio from 2 to 10 and the surface angles $\alpha=0^{\circ},\;15^{\circ},\;30^{\circ}\;and\;40^{\circ}$. Correlations of the stagnation point Nusselt number according to Reynolds number, jet-to-surface distance ratio and dimensionless surface angle are investigated. In the stagnation point, in term of $Re^n$, n ranges from 0.43 in case of $2{\leq}L/d\leq6$ to 0.45 in case of $6. The maximum Nusselt number occurs in the direction of upstream. The displacement of the maximum Nusselt number from the stagnation point increases with increasing surface angle or decreasing nozzle-to-surface distance. The maximum displacement is about 0.7 times of the jet nozzle diameter.



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