Influence of Glycerol Concentration, Freezing Rate and Thawing Rate on Survival of Canine Spermatozoa Frozen

개 정자의 동결보존에 있어서 Glycerol 농도, 동결 및 융해 속도가 정자의 생존율 및 운동성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Je-Hyub (Division of Food, Biological and Chemical Engineering, Daegu University) ;
  • Park, Hyang (Division of Food, Biological and Chemical Engineering, Daegu University) ;
  • Park, Heum-Dae (Division of Food, Biological and Chemical Engineering, Daegu University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Myung (College of Medicine, Pochon CHA University)
  • 이제협 (대구대학교 식품.생명.화학공학부) ;
  • 박향 (대구대학교 식품.생명.화학공학부) ;
  • 박흠대 (대구대학교 식품.생명.화학공학부) ;
  • 김재명 (포천중문의과대학교 생리학교실)
  • Published : 2003.12.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to establish most suitable freezing condition, to evaluate the different condition of freezing and thawing rates on the viability and motility of frozen canine spermatozoa. The ejaculated semen was added to obtained 200∼400 ${\times}$ 10$^{6}$ /$m\ell$ with extender I and was cooled to 4$^{\circ}C$ over 30, 60 and 120 minutes. And then, semen was diluted with extender II containing 4, 6 and 8%(v/v) glycerol for 60 min, respectively and packaged in 0.5$m\ell$ straw, equilibrated far 30, 60 and 120 min at 4$^{\circ}C$ and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen vapor at different distance(3, 5, 7 and 9 cm, respectively), plunged into nitrogen tank. Samples were thawed by placing straws into 27, 37, 47, 57$^{\circ}C$ water bath for 120, 20 and 12 sec, respectively. The results were as follows; 1. The survival and motility rate immediately post-thawing was significantly higher in samples frozen in 4% glycerol than 6 or 8% glycerol(P< 0.05). 2. According to equilibration time at 4$^{\circ}C$, the survival and motility rate immediately post-thawing was significantly higher in samples frozen after 60 min equilibration than 30 or 120 min equilibration(P<0.05). 3. Freezing in distance of 5 cm from liquid nitrogen yield better survival and motility rate than the others(3, 7 or 9 cm)(P<0.05). 4. The effect of thawing rate on sperm survival were higher when the thawing was done at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 120 sec(P<0.05).

본 실험은 실험견의 정액 동결 시 희석 액에 첨가되는 Glycerol 농도, 동결속도, 동결보존액 첨가후 평형시간, 융해온도와 시간에 따라 정자의 생존성과 운동성을 조사하여 최적의 동결조건을 확립하기 위해 실시하였다. 1. 각기 다른 Glycerol 농도를 함유한 동결보존액에서 동결보존 후 융해하였을 때 4%의 Gly-cerol 농도에서 각각 68.8$\pm$7.4%, 73.2$\pm$8.3%로서 다른 군보다 유의하게 높은 생존율과 운동성 나타냈다(P<0.05). 2. 희석 액 I 을 첨가한 정액을 상온에서 4$^{\circ}C$까지 각각 30, 60, 120분간 속도로 하강 시켜 동결보존 후 융해하였을 때 60분간의 속도로 하강시킨 군에서 생존성은 70.6$\pm$6.8%, 운동성은 72.8$\pm$8.4%로서 다른 군보다 유의하게 높은 생존율과 운동성을 나타냈다(P<0.05). 3. 희석 액 I 을 상온에서 4$^{\circ}C$까지 60분의 속도로 하강시킨 후 희석 액 II를 첨가하여 각각 30, 60, 120분 동안 평형을 유지시킨 후 동결보존 하였을 때 60분 동안 평형을 유지시킨 군에서 생존성은 71.4$\pm$7.3%, 운동성은 74.6$\pm$7.5%로서 다른 군보다 유의하게 높은 생존율 및 운동성을 나타냈다(P<0.05). 4. 정액을 동결함에 있어 액체질소의 표면에서 각각 3, 5, 7, 9cm의 높이에서 정치시킨 후 동결을 실시하였을 때 액체질소의 표면 5cm의 높이에서 동결을 실시한 군에서 융해 후 생존성과 운동성은 각각 77.0$\pm$7.0%, 80.2$\pm$6.3% 로서 다른 군보다 유의하게 높은 생존율과 운동성을 나타냈다(P <0.05). 5. 일정기간 보존된 동결정액을 융해 시 융해온도에 따른 정자의 생존성과 운동성은 37$^{\circ}C$의 온도에서 120초 동안의 기간에 녹였을 때 각각 77.0$\pm$7.0%, 80.2$\pm$6.3%로서 다른 군보다 유의하게 높은 생존율을 나타냈다(P<0.05).

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