DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Mass Loss Rates and Nutrient Dynamics of Oak and Mixed-Hardwood Leaf Litters in a Gyebangsan (Mt,) Forest Ecosystem

  • Kim, Choonsig (Department of Forest Resources, Jinju National University)
  • 발행 : 2003.12.01

초록

Patterns of mass loss and nutrient release from decomposing oak (Quercus mongolica) and mixed litters (Q. mongolica, Betula schmidtii, Acer pseudo-sieboldianum, Kalopanx pictus and Tilia amurensis) in a natural hardwood forest in Gyebangsan (Mt.) were examined using litterbags placed on the forest floor for 869 days. Mass loss rates from decomposing litter were consistently higher in mixed litter (59%) than in oak litter types (52%) during the study period. Nutrient concentrations such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and magnesium (Mg) from decomposing litter were also higher in mixed litter than in oak litter types. Nutrient concentrations (N, P, Ca, and Mg) increased compared with initial concentration of litter, while K concentrations dropped rapidly at the first 5 months and then stabilized. The results suggest that mas loss and nutrient release obtained from decomposing litter of single species in mixed hardwood forest ecosystem should be applied with caution because of the potential differences of mass loss and nutrient release between single litter and mixed litter types.

참고문헌

  1. Berg, B. 1988. Dynamics of nitrogen (1-) in decomposing Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) needle litter. Long-term decomposition in a Scots pine forest VI. Can. J. Bot. 66: 1539-1546
  2. Bockheim, J.G. and E.A. Jepsen. 1991. Nutrient dynamics in decomposing leaf litter of four tree species on a sandy soil in northwestern Wisconsin. Can. J. For. Res. 21: 803-812 https://doi.org/10.1139/x91-113
  3. Blair, J.M. 1988. Nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus dynamics in decomposing deciduous leaf litter in the southern Appalachians. Soil Biol. Biochem. 20: 693-701 https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(88)90154-X
  4. Kim, C., T.L. Sharik and M.F. Jurgensen. 1996. Canopy cover effects on mass loss, and nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics from decomposing litter in oak and pine stands in northern Lower Michigan. For. Ecol. Manage. 80: 13-20 https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(95)03653-9
  5. Klemmedson, J.O. 1992. Decomposition and nutrient release from mixture of gambel oak and ponderosa pine leaf litter. For. Ecol. Manage. 47: 349-361 https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(92)90284-G
  6. Lisanework, N. and A. Michelsen 1994. Litterfall and nutrient release by decomposition in three plantations compared with a natural forest in the Ethiopian highland. For. Ecol. Manage. 65: 1489-164
  7. Melillo, J.M., J.D. Aber and J.F. Muratore. 1982. Nitrogen and lignin control of hardwood leaf litter decomposition dynamics. Ecology 63: 621-626 https://doi.org/10.2307/1936780
  8. Mun, H.T. and H.T. Joo. 1994. Litter production and decomposition in the Quercus acutissima and Pinus rigida forests. Korean J. Ecol. 17: 343-353. (in Korean with English abstract)
  9. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology. 1988. Methods of Soil Chemical Analysis. Sammi Press, Suwon 450pp. (in Korean)
  10. Polglase, P.J., E.J. Jokela and N.B. Comerford. 1992. Nitrogen and phosphorus release from decomposing needles of southem pine plantations. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 56: 914-920
  11. Ribeiro, C., M. Madeira, and M.C. Araujo. 2002. Decomposition and nutrient release from leaf litter of Eucalyptus globulus grown under different water and nutrient regimes. For. Ecol. Manage. 171: 31-41 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00459-0
  12. SAS Institute Inc. 1985. SAS User's Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, 956 pp
  13. van Vuuren, M.M.I. and L.J. van der Eerden. 1992. Effects of three rates of atmospheric nitrogen deposition enriched with $^1^5N$ on litter decomposition in a heathland. Soil Biol. Biochem. 24: 527-532 https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(92)90076-A
  14. You, Y-H., J. Namgung, Y-Y. Lee, J-H. Kim, J-Y. Lee and H-T. Mun. 2000. Mass loss and nutrients dynamics during the litter decomposition in Kwangnung experimental forest. Jour. Kor. For. Soc. 89: 41-48. (in Korean with English abstract)

피인용 문헌

  1. Exotic tree leaf litter accumulation and mass loss dynamics compared with two sympatric native species in south Florida, USA vol.129, pp.6, 2010, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-010-0404-1
  2. Up-scaling to stand transpiration of an Asian temperate mixed-deciduous forest from single tree sapflow measurements vol.212, pp.3, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-010-9829-3
  3. The influence of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) flower and leaf fall on soil phosphate vol.341, pp.1-2, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0642-5