Computerized Image Analysis of Micronucleated Reticulocytes in Mouse Bone Marrow

컴퓨터 이미지 분석법을 이용한 마우스 골수세포에서 소핵의 계수

  • 권정 (한국화학연구원 부설 안전성평가연구소) ;
  • 홍미영 (한국화학연구원 부설 안전성평가연구소) ;
  • 고우석 (한국화학연구원 부설 안전성평가연구소) ;
  • 정문구 (한국화학연구원 부설 안전성평가연구소) ;
  • 이미가엘 (한국화학연구원 부설 안전성평가연구소)
  • Published : 2002.12.01


The present study was performed to validate an automated image analysis system (Loats Automated Micronucleus Scoring System) for the mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay, comparing with conventional microscopic scoring. Two studies were conducted to provide slides for a comparison of micro-nucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCEs) values collected manually to those collected by the auto-mated system. Test article A was used as an example of a compound negative for the induction of micronuclei and test article B was wed as a micronucleus-inducing agent to elicit a positive response. Cyclophosphamide was included to provide an positive control in two studies. Bone marrow samples were collected 24 h after administration of test article A and B in male ICR mice. The cells were fixed with absolute methanol and stained with May-Grunwald and Giemsa. The number of MNPCEs was determined by the analysis of 1000 total PCEs per bone marrow sample. In addition to micronucleus scoring, an index of bone marrow toxicity based on PCE ratio (% of PCEs to total erythrocytes) was determined for each sample. The automated and manual scoring was similar when the MNPCEs incidence induced by each test article was less than 10. However manual scoring was able to effectively enumerate micronucleated PCEs in mouse bone marrow when MNPCEs incidence was more than 10, such as cyclophosphamide treatment. Conversely, PCE ratio was superior in computer-assisted image analysis. Taken together, it is suggested that improvement of the automated image analysis may be necessary to render the automatic scoring as sensitive as manual scoring for routine counting of micronuclei, especially because it is superior in objectivity and high throughput scoring.


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