Implantation Metastasis of Lung Cancer to Chest Wall after Percutaneous Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy

흉부 세침 흡인 생검 후 발생한 폐암의 이식성 체벽 전이 2례

  • Jung, Seung-Mook (Department of Internal medicine, Sejong General Hospital) ;
  • Won, Tae-Kyung (Department of Internal medicine, Sejong General Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Hyung (Department of Internal medicine, Sejong General Hospital) ;
  • Hwang, Hweung-Kon (Department of Internal medicine, Sejong General Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Young (Department of Radiology, Sejong General Hospital) ;
  • Jeong, Won-Jae (Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, KyungHee University) ;
  • Lim, Byung-Sung (Department of Internal medicine, Sejong General Hospital)
  • Published : 2001.06.30

Abstract

The implantation of malignant cells along the needle tract is an extremely rare complication after a percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy(FNAB). However, it is very serious and may result in a change in the prognosis of lung cancer, especially in the curable early stage(T1-2,N0,M0). Recently, we experienced two cases of such complications. A 43 years old female underwent a fine needle aspiration biopsy and a right middle lobectomy with adjuvant chemotherapy due to an adenocarcinoma(T2N0M0). Two years later, a new tumor developed at the site of the needle aspiraton biopsy. It had the same pathological findings as the previous lung cancer. Therefore, it was concluded to be an implantation metastasis, and she was treated successfully by a right pneumonectomy and a resection of the chest wall mass with adjuvant radiotherapy. In another case, a 62 years old man was diagnosed with squamous cell lung cancer by a fine needle aspiration biopsy and underwent a right upper lobectomy(T2N0M0) with adjuvant chemotherapy. eight months later, a protruding chest wall mass developed at the aspiration site. It showed the same pathological findings as the previous lung cancer. Consequently, a total excision of the mass with adjuvant radiotherapy was done. Two years after the second operation, although the right lung was intact, a metachronous squamous cell lung cancer was found at the left lower lobe. The two patients were still alive 15 and 37months after thenresection of the chest wall mass, respectively.

세침흡인생검을 통한 폐암의 파종성 체벽 전이는 매우 드물기는 하나 환자의 예후를 현저히 악화시킬 수 있는 매우 심각한 합병증이다. 그러나 그 보고가 매우 드문데, 본 저자등은 2예를 경험하여 이를 성공적으로 치료하였기에 문헌고찰과 함께 보고하고자 한다. 43세 여자환자는 선암 IB로 수술 후 2년후에 이식성 체벽 전이암이 발생하여 이를 종양 적출술 및 방사선 치료를 하였다. 다른 65세 남자환자는 편평상피세포암 IB로 수술을 시행한 8개월 후 무통성 체벽 전이암이 발생하여 종양 적출술과 방사선 치료를 병행하였다. 그 후 이들은 체벽의 이식성 전이암을 제거한지 각각 15개월과 37개월이 지난 현재까지 생존해 있다. 아직까지 세침흡인 생검 후 발생한 암의 이식성 체벽전이에 대한 확립된 치료 지침은 없으나, 그간의 문헌의 고찰 및 본 저자등의 경험을 비추어 암 적출술과 방사선 치료를 병행하였을 경우 성공적으로 치료될 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.