Optimal ρ acceleration parameter for the ADI iteration for the real three dimensional Helmholtz equation with nonnegative ω

  • Ma, Sangback (Hanyang University, Computer Science Department)
  • Published : 1999.12.31


The Helmholtz equation is very important in physics and engineering. However, solution of the Helmholtz equation is in general known as a very difficult phenomenon. For if the ${\omega}$ is negative, the FDM discretized linear system becomes indefinite, whose solution by iterative method requires a very clever preconditioner. In this paper we assume that ${\omega}$ is nonnegative, and determine the optimal ${\rho}$ parameter for the three dimensional ADI iteration for the Helmholtz equation. The ADI(Alternating Direction Implicit) method is also getting new attentions due to the fact that it is very suitable to the vector/parallel computers, for example, as a preconditioner to the Krylov subspace methods. However, classical ADI was developed for two dimensions, and for three dimensions it is known that its convergence behaviour is quite different from that in two dimensions. So far, in three dimensions the so-called Douglas-Rachford form of ADI was developed. It is known to converge for a relatively wide range of ${\rho}$ values but its convergence is very slow. In this paper we determine the necessary conditions of the ${\rho}$ parameter for the convergence and optimal ${\rho}$ for the three dimensional ADI iteration of the Peaceman-Rachford form for the real Helmholtz equation with nonnegative ${\omega}$. Also, we conducted some experiments which is in close agreement with our theory. This straightforward extension of Peaceman-rachford ADI into three dimensions will be useful as an iterative solver itself or as a preconditioner to the the Krylov subspace methods, such as CG(Conjugate Gradient) method or GMRES(m).



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