A Study on Weaning Practice of Infants in Kangnung Area

강릉지역 영유아의 이유 실태에 관한 조사연구

  • Kim, Eun-Kyung (Dept. of Food Sciences, College of Life Science, Kangnung National University) ;
  • Lee, Sun-Hee (Dept. of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Kwandong University) ;
  • Park, Kye-Wol (Dept. of Food and Dietary Services, Asan Kangnung Hospital) ;
  • Chi, Kyung-A (Dept. of Food Sciences, College of Life Science, Kangnung National University)
  • 김은경 (강릉대학교 생명과학대학 식품과학과) ;
  • 이선희 (관동대학교 의과대학 생화학교실) ;
  • 박계월 (강릉병원 영양실) ;
  • 지경아 (강릉대학교 생명과학대학 식품과학과)
  • Published : 1999.12.30


This study was executed for 300 mothers bringing up a child below 3 years in the area of Kangnung to assess the current weaning practice of infants. 24.6% of mother surveyed were breast-fed, 57.8% were formula-fed and 17.5% were mixed-fed. The rate of breast feeding was lower and the rate of bottle feeding was higher in infants whose mothers had more income or higher educational period or full-time job. Most of the respondents knew the significance of supplementary food. 41.4% of the subjects started weaning of their infants at 3-4 months, and 84.1% of them set on weaning in less than 7 months after babies were born. And 39.4% of the subjects finished weaning of their infants in less than one year. The infants of this study preferred the fruits and fishes to meats, vegetables and beans that served to them as supplementary food. Mothers showed deep interest in recipe of weaning food(48.5%), adequate quantity of weaning food(36.3%), information on commercial food for infants(32.2%), and sequence in which semi-solid food are introduced(31.9%). From these results, it is suggested that education program in primary health center for improvement of weaning practice of infants should be implemented reflecting needs of mothers.