• Title, Summary, Keyword: wireless optical sensor network

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Development of optical dual-sensors for submersion monitoring using zigbee-based wireless sensor networks (지그비 기반 센서 네트워크를 이용한 침수감지용 광 이중센서 개발)

  • Key, Kwang-Hyun;Kim, Hyung-Pyo;Sohn, Kyung-Rak
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.184-190
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, a remote submersion warning system based on multi-mode optical fiber(MMF) sensors and a wireless sensor network(WSN) are proposed. To improve the reliability and stability of the sensors, the dual optical fiber sensors combined to the optical coupler are demonstrated. A slave zigbee as a wireless sensor module was used as a platform to monitor and record the signal from the MMF sensors and then transmits these information to a master zigbee wirelessly. The monitoring system running the $LabVIEW^{(R)}$ software was connected to the internet to support the short message service(SMS) through extensible markup language(XML) web service. No matter where the managers are, they can always receive the real-time remote-monitoring data for safety check.

Investigation of smart multifunctional optical sensor platform and its application in optical sensor networks

  • Pang, C.;Yu, M.;Gupta, A.K.;Bryden, K.M.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.23-39
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    • 2013
  • In this article, a smart multifunctional optical system-on-a-chip (SOC) sensor platform is presented and its application for fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor interrogation in optical sensor networks is investigated. The smart SOC sensor platform consists of a superluminescent diode as a broadband source, a tunable microelectromechanical system (MEMS) based Fabry-P$\acute{e}$rot filter, photodetectors, and an integrated microcontroller for data acquisition, processing, and communication. Integrated with a wireless sensor network (WSN) module in a compact package, a smart optical sensor node is developed. The smart multifunctional sensor platform has the capability of interrogating different types of optical fiber sensors, including Fabry-P$\acute{e}$rot sensors and Bragg grating sensors. As a case study, the smart optical sensor platform is demonstrated to interrogate multiplexed FBG strain sensors. A time domain signal processing method is used to obtain the Bragg wavelength shift of two FBG strain sensors through sweeping the MEMS tunable Fabry-P$\acute{e}$rot filter. A tuning range of 46 nm and a tuning speed of 10 Hz are achieved. The smart optical sensor platform will open doors to many applications that require high performance optical WSNs.

Multiple Access Interference Suppressed Sensor Network Using Optical CDMA with Bipolar Receiver and Modified PN Code (간섭잡음을 억압한 양극성 수신기와 PN 부호에 의한 광 CDMA 방식을 사용한 센서 네트워크)

  • Park Sang-Jo;Kim Bong-Kyu
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.13C no.3
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    • pp.311-316
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    • 2006
  • We propose the optical sensor network using optical CDMA with bipolar receiver and modified Pseudorandom Noise codes which are widely used in the wireless communication network. We numerically analyze the performances in the optical sensor network. In the proposed network, multiple access interferences between two sensors are suppressed by performing synchronization between the optical encoder and the optical decoder and adjusting the delay times of optical delay lines. Numerical simulations confirm that the performance can be acquired by suppressing the beat noise among optical signals as the number of sensors increases.

Investigation of Wireless Communication Technology for the WSN of Subway Station (도시철도 역사 WSN 구현을 위한 무선통신 기술 분석)

  • Kim, Gab-Young;Jeon, Bo-Ik;Ahn, Tae-Ki;Shin, Jeong-Ryol
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1344-1353
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    • 2008
  • The trend is that the wireless communication system, which has specific characteristics ; low cost & limitation for installation, has been developed more actively than the wire communication system. Therefore, the communication system has been changed from the wire system with an optical cable to the wireless system in the various field of life. In the railroad field, lots of researches on the wireless communication system for the safety of infrastructure and the convenience of passenger have been conducted. The WSN(Wireless Sensor Network), which means same concept with USN(Ubiquitous Sensor Network), pursues the ubiquitous environment which means user can access network at anywhere and anytime. In this paper, the wireless communication technologies which are suitable for the WSN of subway station were investigated and the best solution of WSN was suggested.

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A Development of Surface Temperature Monitoring System for Underground Tunnel Cable Joint using Wireless Sensor (무선센서를 이용한 지하전력구의 케이블 접속함 표면온도감시시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Young-Il;Song, Jae-Ju;Shin, Jin-Ho;Yi, Bong-Jae;Cho, Seon-Ku
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.56 no.11
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    • pp.1879-1884
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    • 2007
  • In the electric power industry, it is important that the supply of energy must be guaranteed. Many power utilities control and supervise the transmission line to avoid power failures. In case of underground tunnel, some troubles are reported in cable joint. To stabilize the power, it is needed to monitor the cable joint. Many researches of cable joint monitoring have been going on by partial discharge measurement and temperature measurement using optical cable. These methods need much cost to install and maintain, so it is only used in critical transmission line. In this research, we use wireless sensor technology, because of its low cost and easy installation. We develop the temperature monitoring system for cable joint. Temperature sensor is installed on the surface of cable joint and sends data to server through router node using wireless network. Generally Ad hoc routing is searched in wireless network. However, in this research, we design the static linear routing mechanism, which is suitable for electric power line monitoring and analyze the life time of the sensor node by measuring the amount of the battery consumption.

A Study on a Highly Sensitive Strain Sensor based on Rayleigh Wave (레일리파 기반의 고감도 변형률 센서에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ki Jung;Jo, Minuk;Fu, Chen;Eun, Kyoungtae;Oh, Haekwan;Choa, Sung-Hoon;Yang, Sang Sik
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.63 no.4
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    • pp.495-501
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    • 2014
  • Piezoresistive-type, capacitive-type, and optical-type sensors have mainly been used for measuring a strain. However, in building a sensor network for remote monitoring using these conventional sensors there are disadvantages such as the complexity of a measuring system including wireless communication circuitry and high cost. In this paper, we demonstrates a highly-sensitive surface acoustic wave (SAW) strain sensor which is advantageous to harsh environments and wireless network. We designed and fabricated the SAW strain sensor. The SAW strain sensor attached on a specimen was tested with a tensile tester. The strain on the sensor surface was measured with a commercial strain gauge and compared with that obtained from strain analysis. The central frequency shift of the SAW sensor was measured with a network analyzer. The sensitivity of the SAW strain sensor is 134 $Hz/{\mu}{\varepsilon}$ which is high compared to previous results.

Design of In-situ Self-diagnosable Smart Controller for Integrated Algae Monitoring System

  • Lee, Sung Hwa;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Won, Dong Chan;Shin, Jaekwon;Yang, Seungyoun
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2017
  • The rapid growth of algae occurs can induce the algae bloom when nutrients are supplied from anthropogenic sources such as fertilizer, animal waste or sewage in runoff the water currents or upwelling naturally. The algae blooms creates the human health problem in the environment as well as in the water resource managers including hypoxic dead zones and harmful toxins and pose challenges to water treatment systems. The algal blooms in the source water in water treatment systems affects the drinking water taste & odor while clogging or damaging filtration systems and putting a strain on the systems designed to remove algal toxins from the source water. This paper propose the emerging In-Situ self-diagnosable smart algae sensing device with wireless connectivity for smart remote monitoring and control. In this research, we developed the In-Site Algae diagnosable sensing device with wireless sensor network (WSN) connectivity with Optical Biological Sensor and environmental sensor to monitor the water treatment systems. The proposed system emulated in real-time on the water treatment plant and functional evaluation parameters are presented as part of the conceptual proof to the proposed research.

The Parameter Identification for Localization Scheme of the Optics-Based Micro Sensor Node (광신호 기반의 마이크로 센서 노드 위치 인식 시스템을 위한 파라미터 식별)

  • Jeon, Ji-Hun;Lee, Min-Su;Park, Chan-Gook
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, the parameter identification for localization scheme for the optics-based micro sensor node is conducted. We analyzed short measurement range problem which can be occurred in optical based micro sensor node localization method using a time of flight. And we set up the theory for distance and maximum reflected laser power to overcome the problem by identifying hardware parameters like laser power, effective area of MEMS CCR, sensitivity of photodetector, and so on. Experimental results of measurement of maximum reflected laser power were compared with results of the theory. By using the theory, we can identify hardware parameters of localization scheme to measure particular position of the optics-based micro sensor node.

The Implementation of wire and wireless Integration Module of Zigbee and Optical Communication for Ship Area network(SAN) (Ship Area Network(SAN)를 위한 Zigbee 및 광 통신 유무선 통합 모듈 구현)

  • Moon, Yong-Seon;Bae, Young-Chul;Park, Jong-Kyu;Roh, Sang-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.428-434
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we propose intelligent SAN(Ship Area Network) which is reliable transmission by integration of optical network of wire communication and Zigbee of wireless communication. We also implement module for remote control and constitute, managing for a various sensors and a controllers which are connected SAN integration network It will be help to prevent accident of ship to monitor work environment, real time monitoring of a equipment and main compartment of a poor ship inside. And it will be also available to enhance labor reduction, sailing safety and sailing economical efficiency of ship inside.

Implementing a Power Facility Management Services using RFID/USN Technology (RFID/USN 기술을 이용한 전력설비관리 서비스 구현)

  • Kim, Young-Il;Shin, Jin-Ho;Song, Jae-Ju;Yi, Bong-Jae
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartD
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    • v.15D no.2
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 2008
  • Research of ubiquitous computing becomes more popular topic along with the rapid development of wireless technologies. Firstly, research and development on RFID focuses on manufacturing and retail sectors, because it can improve supply chain efficiency. But, it changes to USN (Ubiquitous Sensor Network) by adding a sensor and wireless network technologies on it. In this research, we design and implement the electric facility management service framework to collect real time information of electric facility using RFID/USN. In electric power industry, it is important the supply of energy must be guaranteed. So many power utilities control and supervise the transmission line to avoid power failures. Utilities install many types of sensor to monitor important facilities by wired network such as optical cable and PLC. In this research, we develop the sensor node which is small, easy to install and using wired network. We design the service framework for electric facility management to collect data using RFID tag, reader and wireless sensor nodes and implement the electric facility management service.