• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile compound

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Antibacterial Activity of Volatile Flavor Components from Houttuynia cordata Thunb

  • Kwon, Hyuk-Dong;Cha, In-Ho;Lee, Won-Koo;Song, Jong-Ho;Park, In-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.208-213
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    • 1996
  • The volatile flavor components were obtained from the aerial parts of Houttuynia cordata by a simultaneous distillation-extraction(SDE) method and bactericidal effects of the volatile flavor components on some strains were examined. Strong antibacterial activities were observed against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Vibrio cholerae 0-1 and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. To further elucidate the effective components in the extract, SDE extract was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC/MS). A total of 98 volatile compound were detected. Of these, 90 were confirmed including 6 hydrocarbons(0.34%), 12 alcohols(1.31%), 13 aldehydes(33.81%), 1 acetal(0.01%), 6 esters(1.16%), 2 acids(3.10%), 5 ketones(5.87%), 2 furans(0.06%), 1 phenol(0.18%), 41 terpenes(53.23%)and 3 miscellaneous compound(0.93%). Major components were determined to be $\beta$-mycene, decanal, cis-ocimene and 2-undecanone.

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New Methods for Isolation of Sesquiterpene from Panax ginseng (인삼 Sesquiterpene의 새로운 분리방법)

  • 위재준;신지영
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.214-218
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    • 1997
  • New simple methods for the Isolation of sesquiterpenes from Panax ginseng were developed. First, volatile compounds were isolated by simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) with 30% methanol and $\alpha$-hexane instead of water and ethyl ether/pentane (1:1). Secondly, head space volatiles in U-shaped tube at 7$0^{\circ}C$ were passed through C18 Sep-Pak by nitrogen gas streaming and the adsorbed volatiles were fluted by $\alpha$-hexane. TLC analysis showed that the volatile concentrates consisted mainly of terpenes when colored by vanillin-sulfuric and. GC/MS data revealed that approximately 30 sesquiterpenes of molecular weight 204 occupied 81.1% or more of the volatile concentrates isolated by those two newly developed methods. Among these, alloaromadendrene, germacrene B, isocaryophyllene, $\alpha$-neoclovene, ${\gamma}$-muurolene, $\beta$-panaslnsene, and $\alpha$-humulene were identified as being major sesqulterpenes by authentic samples or literatme search Key words : Panax ginseng, volatile compound, sesquiterpene, isolation, new method, GC/MS.

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Reverse osmosis causes change in volatile compounds in onion juice (역삼투압법에 의한 양파착즙액의 휘발성 성분 변화)

  • Shim, Zen;Jeon, Myeong-Hee;Lee, Dae-Hee;Kim, Yong-Seok;Lee, Sang-Mi;Choi, Jung-Min;Jang, Eun-Ji
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2019
  • Reverse osmosis (RO) was applied to onion juice to produce concentrated onion juice with improved flavor. The volatile compound profiles of concentrated onion juice and onion juice were compared using solvent-assisted flavor evaporation followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Onion juice and RO-concentrated onion juice contained 48 and 62 distinct volatile compounds, respectively, and included alcohols, aldehydes, esters, terpenes, furans, ketones, acids, hydrocarbons, and sulfur-containing compounds. The RO-concentrated onion juice contained a greater number of volatile flavor compounds than did onion juice. Notably, sulfur-containing compounds, which are characteristic volatile flavor compounds in raw onions, were more abundant in the RO-concentrated onion juice than in onion juice. The volatile compound composition indicates that RO-concentration produces good quality onion juice.

The Packaging and Irradiation Effects on Volatile Compounds of Red Pepper Powder

  • Lee, Jeung-Hee;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.139.2-139
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    • 2003
  • The packaging and irradiation effects on the volatile compounds of red pepper powder were investigated. The red pepper powder (Capsicum annuum) was prepackaged in vacuum (PE/Nylon film bag), and irradiated with the dose of 0, 3, 5 or 7 kGy at 0$^{\circ}C$. The odor of irradiated red pepper powder was classified into 4 groups (0, 3, 5, and 7 kGy) by electronic nose using metal oxide sensors, and the volatile compounds developed by irradiation were analyzed by GC-MS along with solid phase microextraction. Hexanoic acid and tetramethyl pyrazine, which were found in red pepper powder of 0 kGy, disappeared in irradiated red pepper powder. Further, 1,3-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-benzene was detected by GC-MS as a new developed volatile compound in irradiated red pepper, and this compound was identified to be originated from packaging material not from red pepper powder. This study showed that off-odor from packaging materials was responsible for the volatiles produced from dried food treated with irradiation.

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Identification of the Major Volatile Components from Different Plant Organs of Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

  • Chung, Hae-Gon;Bang, Jin-Ki;Kim, Geum-Soog;Seong, Nak-Sul;Kim, Seong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.274-278
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    • 2003
  • The various plant organs of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) were investigated to identify their volatile components using Dynamic Headspace (purge & trap). They showed slight differences concerning the volatile components both qualitatively and quantitatively. Results revealed that trans-anethole (12.65%) was the major compound in the leaf. The highest compound was ${\alpha}-pinene$ (28.78%), and trans-anethole (7.90%) was highly detected in the stem. The maximum values were 5.64, 4.59, 1.58, 1.51, and 1.04% for ${\alpha}-pinene,\;{\gamma}-terpinene,\;{\beta}-pinene$, 1,8-cineol and fenchone, respectively in the flower. However, very little trans-anethole was detected (0.27%) in the flower. From these results, it was suggested that the major components were different depending on the plant organs. However it was demonstrated that the related plant organs like flower-fruit and leaf-stem contained the similar components.

Comparison of reducing sugar content, sensory traits, and fatty acids and volatile compound profiles of the longissimus thoracis among Korean cattle, Holsteins, and Angus steers

  • Piao, Min Yu;Lee, Hyun Jung;Yong, Hae In;Beak, Seok-Hyeon;Kim, Hyun Jin;Jo, Cheorun;Wiryawan, Komang Gede;Baik, Myunggi
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.126-136
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study was performed to compare fat content, reducing sugar contents, sensory traits, and fatty acid (FA) and volatile compound profiles in longissimus thoracis (LT) among Korean cattle (KC), Holstein (HO), and Angus (AN) steers. Methods: Twelve LT samples (about 500 g each) of KC with an average age of $31{\pm}0.42months$, an average carcass weight of $431{\pm}12.5kg$, and a quality grade (QG) of 1+ were obtained from the joint livestock products market. Twelve LT samples of HO cattle with an average age of $24{\pm}0.54months$, an average carcass weight of $402{\pm}7.81kg$, and a QG of 2 were also obtained from the same market. Twelve LT samples of AN steers with an average age of about 20 months and a QG of choice were purchased from a beef delivery company. After slaughter, samples were kept at $4^{\circ}C$ for 42 days and prepared for immediate analysis or stored at appropriate conditions. The chemical composition, color, pH, shear force, collagen content, reducing sugars, sensory evaluation, FA composition, and volatile compound content for each LT sample were analyzed. Results: The LT of KC had the highest (p<0.05) fat content, the highest reducing sugar content, and the highest scores in the sensory evaluation (flavor, tenderness, juiciness, and overall acceptance). All the sensory traits were positively correlated (p<0.001) with intramuscular fat and reducing sugar content. Several FAs and volatile compound profiles varied among the breeds. KC LT had the highest (p<0.05) concentrations of acetaldehyde, 3-methyl butanal, and 3-hydroxy-2-butanone, and these volatile compounds were positively correlated (p<0.05) with all the sensory traits. Conclusion: Variations in fat content and reducing sugar contents and FA and volatile compound profiles may contribute to differences in the sensory quality of LT among breeds.

Identification of Irradiation-induced Volatile Flavor Compounds in Irradiated Pork Meats (방사선 조사 돼지고기에서 휘발성 조사물질의 구명)

  • Cha, Yong-Jun;Kim, Hun;Cho, Woo-Jin;Jung, Yeon-Jung;Byun, Myung-Woo;Yoo, Young-Jae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2001
  • Irradiation-induced volatile flavor compounds in irradiated (0, 1, 3, 5, 10 kGy) pork meats were analyzed by liquid liquid continuous extraction (LLCE) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) methods. One hundred nine volatile compounds were detected in irradiated pork meats. These compounds were mainly composed of hydrocarbons (42 compounds), aromatic compounds (39), aldehydes(9), ketones(5) and miscellaneous compounds (14). Among these, three volatile compounds, such as decene, 1,2,3,4,-tetrahydro-6-methylnaphthalene and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-dimethylnaphthalene were selected as irradiation-induced compounds comparing with irradiation dosages in irradiated pork meats. By the high correlation coefficient with the increment of irradiation dose, however, decene (r=0.93) was considered as marker compound for detecting irradiation dosage in fresh pork meats.

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