• Title, Summary, Keyword: ugly face

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Anthropometric Studies on the Analysis of Women's Beautiful Face (20대 여성의 미인형 분석을 위한 계측학적 연구)

  • Park, Oak-Reon;Song, Mi-Young
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.813-820
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    • 2005
  • The beauty itself cannot be changed by the time, but the concept of the beauty can be influence by the time and cultural background. The purpose of this study is to analyze the beautiful faces or ugly faces among the young women and to provide useful guideline to make up for the modem concept of beauty. The facial photographs of 180 adlut women(aged between 20 and 29) in Pusan and Ulsan area were sampled to be measured and classified as the beautiful or ordinary or ugly faces. Data were analyzed by Frequencies, Mean, Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The major results were as followings; the Beautiful face has a relatively small face with a broad forehead and a small lower face. It also has a wide palpebral fissure, narrow intercanthal distance, a narrow nose and a big mouth. Physiognomic face length was 182.38mm, the upper face length was 59.82mm, the middle face length 60.82mm, the lower face length 61.76mm, and the index of face length to face breadth was 1.35. And also the faces within the figures are considered as the beautiful or ordinary or ugly faces from those measurements like face length/bizygion breadth, intercanthal distance, mouth width, upper vermilion height, lower vermilion height.

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Construction Method and Mathematics Educational Aspect of the Wooden Die for Drinking Game(14-face Die) (목제주령구(木製酒令具)의 제작기법 및 수학교육적 의미)

  • Lee Kang-Sup
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.43-56
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    • 2006
  • This paper aims to introduce a construction method for the 'Wooden Die for Drinking Game' and to find some geometrical structures and mathematics educational viewpoints. As the results, we get two methods which are eventually same with Figure 5 and Figure 6-3. We proved the ground that classical probability of this Die's each side showing up is one out of fourteen and introduced few other empirical probabilities with Table 1 to Table 3. Also, some Chinese characters were corrected and re-interpreted. In fact, 象人打鼻 changed to 衆人打鼻, and 醜物 is interpreted as 'ugly animal' such as frog, toad, earthworm or pine caterpillar.

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Self Induced Foreign Body Injection Patient: A Case Report (안면부 및 경부에 이물질을 자가 주입한 환자 1례: 증례보고)

  • Kang, Hyung Keun;Seo, Hyo Seok;Kang, Min Gu;Chang, Choong Hyun
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.622-625
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: In the past, laymen or beauty parlor employees commonly injected people with unproven foreign material such as paraffin, silicone, and cooking oil. We have treated a patient who injected foreign material into her face and neck. Methods: For the last 20 years, a 43-year-old woman has been injecting herself in the face and neck with foreign material. There was no tenderness, erythema, pain, ulceration, or necrosis. However many visible, touchable subcutaneous masses were found. Her face was extremely ugly and disfigured by the foreign material. We could not recognize the boundary between her neck and mandible. The occipital scalp drooped extremely. Over the past 3 years, from February 2005 to October 2007, we performed 15 operations. Results: We conducted a cephalometric facial analysis to compare preoperative and postoperative facial diameter. The patient's upper face diameter decreased from 67 cm to 60 cm, the mid face diameter from 82 cm to 59 cm, the lower face diameter from 63 cm to 50 cm, and the neck circumference diameter from 53 cm to 44 cm, respectively. The mid sagittal diameter decreased from 26 cm to 23 cm. The total excised tissue weight was 4023.7 gram after 15 operations. Conclusion: Serial excision of face and neck masses in a patient who injected herself with foreign material resulted in a satisfactory outcome.

Ugliness Portrayed in Modern Makeup

  • Kwon, Ku-Jung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.86-100
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    • 2005
  • This paper has examined how ugliness has aesthetically been portrayed in modern make-up. In the past, ugliness was regarded as an antonym of beauty, but it recently plays a role on part of beauty, as independent portion of art. It was Schegel who initially maintained the view. According to his theory, ugliness represents interesting things including suffering reality, shock, attention, humor, surprises brought by distort and deformation. Hegel had a different view on it. As for him, he had the notion that ugliness was the opposite to beauty and that it had to be dependent in art, he argued that art was subordinate to philosophy, and that it was just nostalgia for the past, not representing reality, therefore, it could not be a foothold in contemporary art. In this context, some images of ugliness can be classified accordingly to Schegel's view deteste, decadence and androgynous can be fallen into a category describing reality; fetish, kitsch and grotesque can be included in interesting things. There is no fine line between the two. There are sometimes things they have in common. They mutually draw attentions by distancing themselves from general images of beauty, or making many changes and distorts in its part, using unique materials, unprecedented attempts of colors which result in creative and shocking images. Attempts made in ugly images in modern art are widening its concept to depicting reality on the body of human beings, also creating its new definition, playing a major role in independent part of modern art, not in the past way like wearing make-up on the face to make it look better.

A Study on the Changes and Influencing Factors fo Townscape in Korea since 1945 (解防後 韓國의 都市景觀 變遷 및 그 要因 硏究 - 서울을 중심으로 -)

  • 이경목
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to find out how the urban landscape of Korea, especially Seoul, changed during the last half century since 1945. The modernization of Korea, which had begun in 1960's after the chaotic period caused by Korean War, influenced the rapid growth of cities and the radical changes of its structures. But the Western-minded planning theories based on rationalism and positivism was directly applied in developing our traditional cities and consequently the modern urban landscape including urban pattern, architectural style, and commercial and residential landscape revealed disharmony, discrepancy and inconsistency in skylines, streetscape and so on. The findings are summarized as follows. 1. Because the urban structure and pattern changed in undesirable manner in terms of land use and traffic circulation, cities as a whole resulted in exclusive and heterogeneous landscape, and citizens lost their identity and felt alienated. 2. Because the architectural forms of important and monumental buildings which influenced the character of streetscape were not so successful in inventing contemporary Korean Style in true sense, we still have difficulty in creating the urban landscape of originality and legibility. 3. Because from the beginning of this era almost all highrise buildings were designed by modernism-oriented western architects, the commercial landscape of central cities did not evoke a sense of place, and after the introduction of postmodernism this tendency is ore striking even in everyday ordinary streetscape. 4. The newly formed residential landscape which was mainly composed of highly dense and highrise apartment, not only evolved very overwhelming and ugly visual impact but also exposed many social problems in living condition, neighboring and face-to-face contact. In conclusion, in ordr to define the 'Koreanness' of our urban landscape, we have to struggle to combine traditional architectural heritage and native townscape with Western shape, thought and theory, no matter how difficult it may be.

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A Study on the Aerobic Digestion Treatment of Night soil (분뇨의 호기성 소화처리에 관한 고찰)

  • 육찬남
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 1996
  • Environmental issues are getting imrx>rtant and the polluted environment is now c considered as one of the serious social problems which we have to face. As a result, most people hate an night soil-treating establishment to be built near their village. This paper is intended to reveal the present situation of Sanitary Environment Bureau in Iksan City and its treatment of night soil. The conclusions are as follows 1. The mean quantity of treated night soil per day was approximately 126kl In 1995, and the treated quantity per month was largest in the months from May to August, but smallest in January and February. The quantity of the largest month doubled the one of the smallest, and it is considered to be because the microorganisms are more active in the warm season than in the cold season, being a a ble to process more night soil. 2. The after-treatment sewage water is regarded as being in an optimalcondition because the examination of the water discharged from the establishment revealed the result of BOD 16.67mg/l and SS 14.78mg/l in 1995. 3. The expense for treating human waste was ₩19,582 in Iksan Sanitary Environment Bureau and it was considerably lower than the average expense through the nation, i.e. ₩22,000-25,000. But the cost should be expanded for keeping outworn equipments from the old age. 4. It is desirable for the Bureau to open the establishment so that any adult or student can come into it and watch all the treating processes. It will help the citizens understand the need for the establishment in spite of its nasty and ugly impression. Other cities or countries have to follow this model and try to provide their citizens with a cleaner environment by investing more fund technology for it.

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