• Title, Summary, Keyword: total allowable catch(TAC)

Search Result 21, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

A Bioeconomic Analysis on the Effectiveness of Total Allowable Catch(TAC) Policy under the Rebuilding Plan (자원회복계획 하에서의 총허용어획량(TAC) 어업정책 효과에 관한 생물경제학적 분석 -미국 멕시코만의 Yellowedge Grouper 어업을 사례로-)

  • Kim, Dohoon
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
    • /
    • v.12 no.4
    • /
    • pp.663-686
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study is aimed at analyzing the effectiveness of TAC policy using a bioeconomic model. A surplus-production model is used as a population dynamic model, from which the yellowedge grouper is estimated to be overfished. As a result, a 10-year rebuilding plan using the TAC policy is established. According to the result of model, under the well-enforced system, the target stock biomass is achieved during the rebuilding period. Especially, in order to accomplish the target stock biomass, the annual quota should be allocated much less than 342 tons that NMFS recommended. The NPV over a 25-year under the TAC policy Is predicted to be less than under the status quo. The economic gains under the variable-catch TAC policy is less than under the constant-catch TAC policy as the interest rate decreases, while the NPV under the constant-catch is greater than under the variable-catch TAC policy when the interest rate is high.

  • PDF

An Analysis of the Effects in the TAC System by Analyzing Catch of TAC Target Species (TAC 어종의 어획량 분석을 통한 TAC 제도의 효과 분석)

  • Sim, Seonghyun;Lee, Jungsam;Oh, Seoyeon
    • Ocean and Polar Research
    • /
    • v.42 no.2
    • /
    • pp.157-169
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study aimed to analyze the effect of total allowable catches (TACs) on the target species. First to effects analyse of TACs, the 8 TAC target species and 75 non-target species were selected for which catch data were available before and after the introduction of the TACs. The 8 target species were simply compared to catch changes before and after TACs. Through the comparison, it was confirmed how the catches of target fishes have changed after the implementation of the TACs. Secondly, the Difference In Differences(DID) analysis was conducted to confirm the effects of the TACs on the catches of the target fishes using the catch data of 8 TAC target species and 75 non-TAC species. Finally, to overcome the limitations of the DID analysis, the random effects model was estimated to confirm the effects of the TACs on the catch of the TAC target species. Overall, this study confirmed that the TACs affects catches of target species, not only through simple comparisons of catches before and after the introduction of the TACs but also through econometric analysis.

A Study on Fisheries Management of Ecosystem-Based TAC using a Linear Programming (선형계획법을 이용한 생태계 기반 TAC 어업관리에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Young-Il;Cheon, Seong-Hoon;Kim, Do-Hoon
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.45 no.2
    • /
    • pp.61-72
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study aimed to empirically investigate the applicability of ecosystem-based TAC (Total Allowable Catch) fisheries management targeting the large purse seine fishery where multi-species are regulated by TAC. Using a linear programming, the optimal fishing effort and the catch amount by species which maximize fishing profits were analyzed under the constraint condition of catch limits by species. Analytical results showed that an application of TAC on only chub mackerel would have negative impacts on fish stocks such as hairtail and jack mackerel by increasing the level of fishing effort to achieve its allocated catch limit. However, under the constraint condition of catch limits of all species, it was shown that optimal catches of all species were achieved within their catch limits. It implies the importance of ecosystem-based management considering biological and technical interactions of species those were excluded in the traditional single species fisheries management.

A Bioeconomic Analysis on the Evaluation of Alternative Management Policies in the Multispecies Fishery (복수어업에 있어서의 어업관리수단 평가를 위한 생물경제학적 연구 -미국 멕시코만의 red grouper와 yellowedge grouper 복수어업을 사례로-)

  • 김도훈
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-22
    • /
    • 2004
  • Since the red grouper stock was initially declared to be overfished by the NMFS in September 2002, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council must prepare for the red grouper rebuilding plan considering the following alternative management policies: Total Allowable Catch(TAC), 5 - month season closure, 1800 - pound trip limit, and 50 - fathom longline boundary. The first concern the Council has is to evaluate the effects of recommended policies and the second is to analyze the impact of management policies on yellow edge grouper. This is because the fleets harvest red grouper also catch yellowedge grouper, the regulations on red grouper are likely to allow fishing effort to be distributed into yellowedge grouper. Therefore, this study is aimed at evaluating the biological and economic effects of management policies considering simultaneously the impact of red grouper regulations on yellow edge grouper by developing a combined red grouper and yellowedge grouper bioeconomic model. The overall results indicate that management policies for red grouper would adversely affect the yellowedge grouper stock if yellowedge grouper is not protected by its regulations. The TAC policy has the most serious impact on the yellowedge grouper stock, while the 1800 - pound trip limit policy minimizes the reduction in the yellowedge grouper stock. However, the target stock size of red grouper is achieved as well as the largest net present value of returns is gained in the TAC policy.

  • PDF

Evaluating the TAC Policy in the Sandfish Stock Rebuilding Plan (도루묵 수산자원회복계획에서의 TAC정책 평가)

  • Kim, Do-Hoon
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.46 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-39
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study aimed to evaluate the TAC policy and to examine the effective annual TAC quota in the sandfish stock rebuilding plan using a bioeconomic modelling method. In the analysis, first, a sandfish bioeconomic model was developed by combining a sandfish stock population model and economic models by fishery and second, achieving stock rebuilding targets and changes of fishing revenues by the level of annual TAC quota were examined. Model results indicated that the TAC 1,500ton policy would have the greatest impact on the increase of sandfish stock biomass comparing to the status quo and other TAC policies. In addition, it was evaluated that the total fishing revenues of coastal gillnet and danish seine fisheries could be increased the most in the TAC 2,500ton policy. In both cases of TAC 3,500ton and 4,000ton, the fishing revenues of both fisheries were inversely reduced due to the decrease of catch by coastal gillnet and the decline of market prices by danish seine's excessive catch. Furthermore, they would have a negative impact on sandfish stock biomass.

A Bioeconomic Analysis of the Management Policies for the United States Gulf of Mexico Red Grouper Fishery

  • Kim, Do-Hoon
    • Ocean and Polar Research
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.483-491
    • /
    • 2003
  • Since the red grouper was declared overfished, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council must prepare a rebuilding plan considering the following alternative management policies: a Total Allowable Catch (TAC), 5-month season closure, 1800-pound trip limit, and a 50-fathom longline boundary. This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of proposed policies for rebuilding the red grouper stock in a 10-year period by developing a bioeconomic model. Under the assumption that the recreation sector was held to its share of TAC (24% of the total quota), the target stock biomass goal was attained in all policies. The NPV was the largest in the 5-month season closure policy if the output price did not fall. There were distributional effects on the different components of the fleets in the 1800-pound trip limit and the 50-fathom longline boundary policy.

Effectiveness Analysis on Comb Pen Shell Based on TAC System (키조개 TAC 제도의 효과 분석)

  • Jeong, Min-Ju;Nam, Jong-Oh
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.15-33
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study aims to analyze effectiveness of the resource use under the total allowable catch system (TACs) of Comb pen shell, a species among TAC targeting ones through its stock assessment based on the surplus production model such as the Clark Yoshimoto Pooley (CYP) model. Particularly, this study is separated into five analysis periods in order to understand changes in Comb pen shell resource and its efficient use after TAC system implemented in 2001. The results of this study are as follows. First, five sustainable yield curves (SYCs) and exponential growth functions (EGFs) produced by the surplus production model based on Gompertz growth function to compare before and after implementation of the Korean TAC system show that the TAC system has generated a positive stock rebuilding effect for Comb pen shell caught by the diver fishery since 2001. Secondly, five profits based on differences between the sustainable total revenue (STR) and the total cost (TC) with respect to fishing efforts present that the TAC system has increased efficiency of resource use of Comb pen shell caught by the diver fishery after implementation of the Korean TAC system. In conclusion, the Korean TAC system has increased efficiency of resource use as well as has led a positive stock rebuilding effect for Comb pen shell.

Forecasting common mackerel auction price by artificial neural network in Busan Cooperative Fish Market before introducing TAC system in Korea (인공신경망을 활용한 고등어의 위판가격 변동 예측 -어획량 제한이 없었던 TAC제도 시행 이전의 경우-)

  • Hwang, Kang-Seok;Choi, Jung-Hwa;Oh, Taeg-Yun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.48 no.1
    • /
    • pp.72-81
    • /
    • 2012
  • Using artificial neural network (ANN) technique, auction prices for common mackerel were forecasted with the daily total sale and auction price data at the Busan Cooperative Fish Market before introducing Total Allowable Catch (TAC) system, when catch data had no limit in Korea. Virtual input data produced from actual data were used to improve the accuracy of prediction and the suitable neural network was induced for the prediction. We tested 35 networks to be retained 10, and found good performance network with regression ratio of 0.904 and determination coefficient of 0.695. There were significant variations between training and verification errors in this network. Ideally, it should require more training cases to avoid over-learning, which leads to improve performance and makes the results more reliable. And the precision of prediction was improved when environmental factors including physical and biological variables were added. This network for prediction of price and catch was considered to be applicable for other fishes.

부세에 대한 음향반사강도의 체장 의존성

  • 강희영;이대재
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.57-58
    • /
    • 2003
  • 현재, 우리나라 주변해역에 있어서는 어업자원의 고갈현상이 급속히 진행되고 있고, 어업자원을 간접적으로 자원을 관리하던 방법에서 직접적으로 관리하기 위한 총 허용어획량(TAC, Total Allowable Catch) 제도를 도입하기에 이르렀다. 이들 어족 자원을 보다 효율적이고 지속적으로 관리하기 위해서는, 어류의 체장추정에 필요한 음향반사강도의 data bank를 구축하는 것이 시급하다. (중략)

  • PDF

Study on the Possibility of Implementation of TAC Management System in China (중국의 어획량관리제도 도입가능성에 관한 소고)

  • 박영애
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.47-65
    • /
    • 2000
  • The existing Law of fisheries Management of China was firstly established on October 30th, 1986 and revised in October, 2000. The new Law of Fisheries Management provided a basis for introduction of the TAC (total allowable catch) system into China. Introduction of the TAC system is a natural result of the practise of EEZ (exclusive economic zone). In addition, the inability of the traditional fishery management system and the promising results obtained by conductions of TAC system in some countries with advanced fishery also make the introduction of TAC system a necessity, However, the contradictions between the unrealistic introduction of the fisheries management systems, the small-scale operation, higher expense of the conduction and supervision of the systems, and the insufficiencies of human power, financial fund, and scientific technique of the underdeveloped country resulted in the ineffectiveness of the new systems. So this study is to discuss the background and the possibility of TAC system implementation in china. The results of this study showed that many factors restrict the implementation of TAC system into China at present. It will take a long time to practise the new system. meanwhile, reforming and improving the functions of the existing systems to provide a better environment will play an important role in the introduction of the TAC system into china.

  • PDF