• 제목, 요약, 키워드: total SOD

검색결과 849건 처리시간 0.056초

흰쥐에서 cisplatin에 의한 위벽세포의 미세구조변화에 미치는 SOD의 영향 (Effect of SOD on Ultrastructural Changes of Gastric Parietal Cells in the Cisplatin Treated Rats)

  • 백두진;박규완;정호삼
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.315-328
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    • 1996
  • This study aims to demonstrate the effect of SOD (superoxide dismutase), one of the antioxidant enzymes, on the ultrastructural changes in the parietal cells caused by the administration of cisplatin in the rat. A total of 60 healthy Sprague-Dawley rats weighing about 200 gm were used as experimental animals. Cisplatin (6 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally to rats pretreated with 15,000 unit/kg of SOD or rats without the pretreatment. The experimental animals were sacrificed at 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours and 3 days after the administration of cisplatin. The results were as follows: 1. SOD alone did not affect the ultrastructural changes in the gastric parietal cells in the rat. 2. Irregular shaped mitochondria, mitochondria with dim cristae, dilated cristae, ruptured outer membrane, electron lucent matrix and degenerative mitochondria were seen in cisplatin treated rat. Whorled membranous body, many lysosomes and large vacuole were observed in the gastric parietal cells in cisplatin treated rat. 3. Mitochondria with dilated cristae and electron lucent matrix and irregular shaped mitochondria were observed in the gastric parietal cells of the cisplatin treated rat with pretreatment of SOD. These results suggest that SOD attenuates the toxic effect of the cisplatin in the gastric parietal cells of the rat.

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맹종죽(Phyllostachys Pubescens)추출물 코팅쌀이 Atherogenic 식이를 섭취한 C57BL/6 마우스의 항산화 시스템에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Maengjong-Juk (Phyllostachys Pubescens) Extract Coated Rice Diet on Antioxidative System of C57BL/6 Mice Fed Atherogenic Diet)

  • 김은영;이민자;송영옥;문갑순
    • 대한지역사회영양학회지
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.536-544
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    • 2004
  • To evaluate the antioxidative effect of maengjong-juk (Phyllostachys pubescens) extract coated rice in vivo system, maengjong-juk extract coated rice diets were fed to C57BL/6 mice for 16 weeks. Plasma total antioxidative capacity, hepatic lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, activities of antioxidative enzymes and total glutathione content were measured. Plasma total antioxidative capacity was elevated significantly in maengjong-juk extract diets supplemented group in a dose dependant manner. Hepatic TBARS contents were significantly decreased in maengjong-juk extract diets supplemented group compared to high cholesterol group. Maengjong-juk extract coated rice diets suppressed the protein oxidation significantly in liver. Activities of hepatic antioxidative enzymes such as total SOD, CuㆍZn-SOD, Mn-SOD, GSH-Px and catalase activities of maengjong-juk extract coated rice diets were significantly higher than those of high cholesterol diet. Total hepatic glutathione content was significantly increased by maengjong-juk extract coated rice diets administration. According to this study, numerous antioxidative materials and phytochemicals containing in maengjong-juk extracts appear to protect antioxidative systems in C57BL/6 mice fed bamboo extract coated rice diet. (Korean J Community Nutrition 9(4): 536∼544, 2004)

상자파종에 의한 규격화된 잔디의 생산 (Standardized Sod Production Using Box Seeding)

  • 구자형;김태일;전대우;최종명
    • 아시안잔디학회지
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.187-198
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    • 1995
  • The objective of this research was to produce sod by box seeding for zoysiagrass or by vegetative propagation for zoysiagrass and manilagrass.1 Various ratio of peatmoss to sand(v /v) were prepared to find idea[ medium for fast and light weight sod production. Then, the days required for sod formation, the effect of growth regulators on the growth of turfgrass, and the various storage methods for winter keeping of sods were also investigated. 1.The mixed medium of sand and peatmoss(v /v, 1 : 2) showed more biomass production than that of sand. 2.In comparison of seeding rate of zoysiagrass, the amount of log /$m^2$ was most effective in the fast and dense sod formation. The amount of 20g /$m^2$ also showed fast sod formation. But, it resulted in weak plant and less tillering. During April to June, about 100 days were required to form sod with seeding rate of 5g /$m^2$ regardless of seeding time. Whereas 80 days were required to form sod in the rate log /$m^2$, which was 20 days shorter than that of 5g /$m^2$. 3.More than 85% of shoots in sod stored in field or plastic house during the winter time resumed the growth in good appearance after transplanting. The whole covering of ground with sod resulted in less weeds and faster formation of lawn. 4.Vegetative propagation of manilagrass showed about 7 to 15 days faster formation of sod than that of zoysiagrass. Application of GA increased shoot growth and BA increased the total number of tillering. However, the effects of the combined application of GA and BA were negligable.

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Fenofibrate decreases radiation sensitivity via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\alpha}$-mediated superoxide dismutase induction in HeLa cells

  • Liu, Xianguang;Jang, Seong-Soon;An, Zhengzhe;Song, Hye-Jin;Kim, Won-Dong;Yu, Jae-Ran;Park, Woo-Yoon
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The fibrates are ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ${\alpha}$ and used clinically as hypolipidemic drugs. The fibrates are known to cause peroxisome proliferation, enhance superoxide dismutase (SOD) expression and catalase activity. The antioxidant actions of the fibrates may modify radiation sensitivity. Here, we investigated the change of the radiation sensitivity in two cervix cancer cell lines in combination with fenofibrate (FF). Materials and Methods: Activity and protein expression of SOD were measured according to the concentration of FF. The mRNA expressions were measured by using real time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Combined cytotoxic effect of FF and radiation was measured by using clonogenic assay. Results: In HeLa cells total SOD activity was increased with increasing FF doses up to 30 ${\mu}M$. In the other hand, the catalase activity was increased a little. As with activity the protein expression of SOD1 and SOD2 was increased with increasing doses of FF. The mRNAs of SOD1, SOD2, $PPAR{\alpha}$ and $PPAR{\gamma}$ were increased with increasing doses of FF. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by radiation was decreased by preincubation with FF. The surviving fractions (SF) by combining FF and radiation was higher than those of radiation alone. In Me180 cells SOD and catalase activity were not increased with FF. Also, the mRNAs of SOD1, SOD2, and $PPAR{\alpha}$ were not increased with FF. However, the mRNA of $PPAR{\gamma}$ was increased with FF. Conclusion: FF can reduce radiation sensitivity by ROS scavenging via SOD induction in HeLa. SOD induction by FF is related with $PPAR{\alpha}$.

내독소에 의한 백서 폐장의 Superoxide Dismutase 유전자 발현에 관한 연구 (Superoxide Dismutase Gene Expression in the Endotoxin-Treated Rat Lung)

  • 유철규;서지영;김영환;한성구;심영수;김건열;한용철
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.215-221
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    • 1994
  • 연구배경 : 산소기가 여러 종류의 급성 폐손상에 중요한 역할을 한다는 것은 이미 잘 알려진 사실이다. 생체내에는 여러 항산화 방어기전이 존재하는데, SOD는 두 개의 superoxide radical이 과산화수소와 산소로 dismutation되는 과정을 $10^4$배 촉진시키는 효소로서 산소기에 대한 일차적인 방어기전으로 작용한다. Eukaryotic 세포내에는 두 가지 종류의 SOD가 존재하는데, 하나는 세포질에 위치하고 이중체(dimeric)의 구조를 가지며 구리와 아연을 포함하는 효소(CuZnSOD)이고, 또 하나는 미토콘드리아에 있고 사중체(tetrameric)의 구조를 갖는 망간을 포함하는 효소(MnSOD)이다. 내독소에 의한 백서의 급성 폐손상 모델에서 내독소 투여 후 시간 경과에 따른 백서 폐장의 MnSOD와 CuZnSOD의 유전자 발현을 관찰하여 이를 급성 폐손상의 양상과 비교하고자 본 연구를 시행하였다. 방법 : 백서에 E. coli의 내독소를 투여한 후 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, 그리고 24시간 후에 백서를 희생시켜 폐장을 얻은 후 폐장의 총 RNA를 single step phenol extraction 방법으로 추출하였다(n=3, respectively). 총 RNA를 formaldehyde를 함유한 1.2% agarose gel 에 전기영동하고, gel의 RNA를 nylon membrane으로 transfer시켰다. Nylon membrane을 $^{32}P$로 labeling시킨 MnSOD와 CuZnSOD를 probe로 하여 hybridization하고 autoradiography를 시행하였다. 결과 : 내독소률 투여하고 4시간후부터 MnSOD mRNA가 발현되기 시작하여 6시간에 최고치를 보였고, 약 12시간까지 지속되었으며, 24시간이 경과한 후에는 대조군의 수준으로 감소되었다. CuZnSOD 유전자는 내독소를 투여하고, 1 시간후부터 발현되기 시작하여 24시간까지 지속되었는데, 18시간에 최고치에 도달하였다. 결론 : 이상의 결과는 SOD가 백서에서 내독소에 의해 유발된 급성 폐손상에 대한 방어기전에 관여 할 가능성을 시사하는 것으로 생각된다.

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조경수목(造景樹木)의 대기오염물질(大氣汚染物質)에 대한 방어기능(防禦機能)(II) - POD 활성(活性)을 중심으로 - (Resistance Function of Woody Landscape Plants to Air Pollutants(II) - POD Activity -)

  • 김명희;이수욱
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • v.81 no.3
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    • pp.234-246
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    • 1992
  • 조경수목(造景樹木)들의 대기오염물질(大氣汚染物質)들에 대한 감수성(感受性) 및 저항성(抵抗性)을 규명하기 위해서 야외조사(野外調査)와 실내실험(室內實驗)을 통하여 엽내(葉內) 유황함량(硫黃含量)과 peroxidase(POD) 및 superoxide dismutase(SOD) 함량(含量)을 측정(測定) 분석(分析)하였다. 은행나무에서는 엽내(葉內) 유황함량(硫黃含量)과 POD 활성간(活性間)에 부(負)의 상관(相關)이 나타났고 잣나무, 소나무 및 양버즘나무에서는 엽내(葉內) 유황함량(硫黃含量)과 POD 활성간(活性間)에 정(正)의 상관(相關)을 나타내었다. 각 수목(樹木)들은 오염물질(汚染物質)이 체내(體內)에 흡수(吸收), 축적(蓄積)됨에 따라 내성기구(耐性機構)로써 POD 같은 효소(酵素) 활성(活性)을 증가시켰다. 특히 잣나무와 양버즘나무의 POD 활성(活性)이 높게 나타났다, $SO_2$ 처리실험에서 고유의 POD 활성(活性)이 낮은 침엽수(針葉樹) 1년생 잎이나 은행나무에서는 $SO_2$ 처리구간에 POD 활성(活性) 변화가 거의 없으나, 고유의 POD 활성(活性)이 높은 스트로브잣나무와 튜립나무에서는 처리농도가 높을수록 POD 활성(活性)이 증가하는 것으로 보아, 외부 stress에 대한 단기적 POD 활성(活性)은 감수성(感受性)이 큰 수종(樹種)에서 나타나며, 장기적 POD 활성(活性) 증가는 식물체(植物體)의 방어기작(防禦機作)중의 일부로써 나타났으며 수목(樹木)의 SOD와 POD 활성간(活性間)의 상관관계(相關關係)는 은행나무에서만 부(負)의 상관(相關)을 보이고 나머지 수목(樹木)에서는 정(正)의 상관(相關)을 나타내었다. SOD와 POD 활성(活性)은 수종(樹種)마다 특이한 반응(反應)을 나타내며, 대부분의 수종(樹種)에서 SOD와 POD가 동시에 내성(耐性) 기구(機構)에 참여함을 알 수 있었다.

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Impact of iron deficiency anemia on chronic periodontitis and superoxide dismutase activity: a cross-sectional study

  • Chakraborty, Souvik;Tewari, Shikha;Sharma, Rajinder Kumar;Narula, Satish Chander;Ghalaut, Pratap Singh;Ghalaut, Veena
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Both chronic periodontitis (CP) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) induce oxidative stress in the body and cause an imbalance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidants, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD). This study explored the SOD enzyme activity of saliva and serum in CP patients with and without IDA and analyzed the impact of IDA on CP. Methods: A total of 82 patients were divided into four groups: control group (CG, 22), periodontally healthy IDA patients (IDA-PH, 20), CP patients (CP, 20), and IDA patients with CP (IDA-CP, 20). After clinical measurements and samplings, serum and salivary SOD levels were determined using an SOD assay kit. Results: IDA-CP patients exhibited a higher gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth, and percentage (%) of sites with a clinical attachment loss (CAL) of ${\geq}6mm$ (P<0.008) than CP patients. The mean salivary and serum SOD levels were significantly lower in the IDA-PH, CP, and IDA-CP patients than in the CG group (P<0.008). A significant positive correlation between salivary and serum SOD activity was observed in IDA (P<0.05). Furthermore, serum and salivary SOD levels were significantly and negatively correlated with all periodontal parameters including the percentage of sites with CAL of 4-5 and ${\geq}6mm$ (P<0.05) except the significant correlation between salivary SOD activity and mean CAL and the percentage of sites with CAL of 4-5 mm (P>0.05) in these patients. Conclusions: Within the limits of this study, it may be suggested that IDA patients with chronic periodontitis have more periodontal breakdowns than patients with chronic periodontitis. Serum and salivary SOD activity levels were lower in the IDA-PH, CP and IDA-CP groups than in the CG. Iron deficiency anemia influenced the serum SOD activity but did not seem to affect the salivary SOD activity in these patients.

Superoxide Dismutase Activity in Small Mesenteric Arteries Is Downregulated by Angiotensin II but Not by Hypertension

  • Kang, Kyu-Tae;Sullivan, Jennifer C.;Pollock, Jennifer S.
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2018
  • Many studies reported reduced antioxidant capacity in the vasculature under hypertensive conditions. However, little is known about the effects of antihypertensive treatments on the regulation of vascular antioxidant enzymes. Thus, we hypothesized that antihypertensive treatments prevent the reduction of antioxidant enzyme activity and expression in the small vessels of angiotensin II-induced hypertensive rats (ANG). We observed the small mesenteric arteries and small renal vessels of normotensive rats (NORM), ANG, and ANG treated with a triple antihypertensive therapy of reserpine, hydrochlorothiazide, and hydralazine (ANG + TTx). Systolic blood pressure was increased in ANG, which was attenuated by 2 weeks of triple therapy (127, 191, and 143 mmHg for NORM, ANG, and ANG + TTx, respectively; p < 0.05). Total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the small mesenteric arteries of ANG was lower than that of NORM. The protein expression of SOD1 was lower in ANG than in NORM, whereas SOD2 and SOD3 expression was not different between the groups. Reduced SOD activity and SOD1 expression in ANG was not restored in ANG + TTx. Both SOD activity and SOD isoform expression in the small renal vessels of ANG were not different from those of NORM. Interestingly, SOD activity in the small renal vessels was reduced by TTx. Between groups, there was no difference in catalase activity or expression in both the small mesenteric arteries and small renal vessels. In conclusion, SOD activity in the small mesenteric arteries decreased by angiotensin II administration, but not by hypertension, which is caused by decreased SOD1 expression.

폐포대식세포에서 내독소 자극에 의한 Superoxide Dismutase 유전자발현의 조절 기전 (Superoxide Dismutase Gene Expression Induced by Lipopolysaccharide in Alveolar Macrophage of Rat)

  • 박계영;유철규;김영환;한성구;심영수;현인규
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.522-534
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    • 1995
  • 연구배경: 내독소에 의한 급성 폐손상의 발병기전에서 산소기가 중요한 역할을 한다는 사실은 잘 알려져 있다. 세포내에는 이러한 산소기에 의한 세포의 손상을 방지하는 정상 방어기전으로 여러 항산화효소가 존재하는데, 이중 SOD는 세포대사과정이나 외부 자극에 의해 생성된 superoxide로부터 세포의 손상을 방지하는 역할을 한다. 세포내 SOD는 주로 이중체의 구조로 세포질에 존재하는 CuZnSOD와 사중체의 구조로 미토콘드리아에 존재하는 MnSOD의 두 종류가 알려져 있으나, 폐포대식세포에서의 SOD mRNA 발현 및 그 조절기전에 대해서는 확실히 규명되어 있지 않다. 본 연구의 목적은 백서의 폐포대식세포에서 내독소 자극에 의한 MnSOD와 CuZnSOD mRNA 발현양상을 관찰하고 내독소 자극시 니타나는 SOD mRNA 발현의 조절기전을 규명하는데 있다. 방법: 백서의 기관지폐포세척액에서 얻은 세포를 plastic plate에 부착시켜 폐포대식세포를 분리한 후 내독소를 자극하여 내독소 용량($0.01{\mu}g/ml{\sim}10{\mu}g/ml$)과 자극시간(0, 2, 4, 8, 24 hrs)에 따른 MnSOD와 CuZnSOD MnSOD 발현양상을 Northern blot analysis를 시행하여 관찰하였다. 다음 단계로 MsSOD와 CuZnSOD mRNA 발현의 조절기전을 밝히고자 폐포대식세포를 각각 AD($5{\mu}g/ml$) 또는 CHX($5{\mu}g/ml$)로 전처치한 후 내독소로 자극하여 MnSOD와 CuZnSOD mRNA의 발현양상을 관찰하였다. 한편 내독소 투여가 SOD mRNA의 안정성을 변화시키는지 여부를 평가하기 위해 폐포대식세포를 대조군과 투여군으로 나누어 SOD mRNA의 분해속도를 비교하였다. 총 세포내 RNA는 guanidinium thiocyanate/phenol/chloroform법을 이용하여 추출하였고, Northern blot analysis는 $^{32}P$로 표지된 백서의 MnSOD와 CuZnSOD cDNAs를 이용하여 시행하였다. 결과: 백서의 폐포대식세포에서 MnSOD mRNA의 발현은 내독소 투여량의 증가세 따라 증가되었고 내독소를 투여하고 8시간후에 정점을 이루었으나, CuZnSOD mRNA의 발현은 내독소의 용량 및 투여후 반응시간에 따라 변화하지 않았다. 내독소 투여후 MnSOD mRNA의 발현증가는 AD 또는 CHX 각각의 전처치에 의해 모두 억제되었다. MnSOD mRNA의 안정성은 내독소 투여에 의해 변화하지 않았다. 결론: 이상의 결과로 백서의 폐포대식세포는 내독소 자극에 반응하여 SOD를 생성하는 중요세포이고, 내독소에 의한 MnSOD mRNA의 발현은 전사단계에서 조정되며 mRNA의 안정성을 변화시키지 않고 새로운 단백의 합성이 필요한 것으로 사료된다.

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Changes in Total Polyphenol, Total Flavonoid Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Hibiscus cannabin us L.

  • Ryu, Seung-Won;Jin, Cheng-Wu;Lee, Han-Shin;Lee, Ji-Yeon;Sapkota, Kumar;Lee, Beom-Goo;Yu, Chang-Yeon;Lee, Myoung-Ku;Kim, Myong-Jo;Cho, Dong-Ha
    • 한국약용작물학회지
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.307-310
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    • 2006
  • This study purposed to look for its uses by analyzing useful substances in kenaf (Hibiscus cannabin us L.) leaves based on the total polyphenol and flavonoid contents in the leaves, DPPH radical scavenging activity of leaf extract, SOD activity, etc. by different growth stage and variety. According to the results of experiment, the total polyphenol content was highest in Everglade-41 (27.9 mg/g dw.), the total flavonoid content was highest in Tainung-2 (42.3 mg/g dw.), and SOD activity was highest in Dowling (96.1 %). However, DPPH radical scavenging activity was similar among the three varieties.