• Title, Summary, Keyword: the late Quaternary

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Late Quaternary Stratigraphy and Unconformity of the Banweol Tidal-Flat Deposits(upper tidal flat) and Unconformity, Kyunggi Bay, West Coast of Korea (한국 서해 경기만 반월 조간대(상부조간대) 퇴적층의 제4기 후기 층서와 부정합)

  • 박용안;임동일;김수정
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.125-135
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    • 2000
  • The late Quaternary stratigraphy and basal unconformity (nonconformity) of the intertidal deposits (upper tidal flat) in the Banweol tidal basin in the Kyunggi Bay, west coast of Korea has been investigated and established. The Unit I (middle to late Holocene upper intertidal deposit) and Unit II (pre-Holocene fluvial to alluvial deposit) in descending order are classified and interpreted. The basement rocks of the Banweol tidal basin is dominantly preCambrian metamorphic rocks on which Unit II is overlying unconformably. In short, the late Quaternary stratigraphy and unconformity of the Banweol tidal flat deposits are established and interpreted in terms of sedimentology and sea-level fluctuation history during late Quaternary.

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Review on the Usefulness and constraints of Paleotemperature Equations for the Late Quaternary Paleoclimatic Studies (제4기 후기 고기후복원을 위한 고온도 방정식의 유용성과 한계성에 관한 고찰)

  • 박용안
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 1996
  • This review gives an information on the oxygen isotopic composition of car-bonate and utility of paleotemperature equations to reconstruct the paleoenvironment in the late Quaternary paleoclimatic studies. The introduc-tion of various paleotemperature equations is described with respect to the de-velopment and usefulness. In addition the calculation of paleotemperature in the paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic research is constrained to provide more precise and correct approach in the interpretation of paleotemperature.

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Subaerially Exposed Pre-Holocene(late Pleistocene)Marine coastal(intertidal)Deposits in the Haenam bay West Coast of Korea (한국서해안 해남만의 선현세(홍적세 후기)연안조간대층의 대기권노출)

  • 임동일
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.25-38
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    • 1997
  • 한국서남해안에 위치한 해남만의 조수 퇴적층(체)에 관한 층서 설정이 제4기후기 (late Quaternary)의 시간범위로 가능하였다. 즉 현재의 해남만에 분포하고 있는 조간대층은 지난 중기와 후기 현세(middle to late Holocene)동안에 형성된 퇴적지층단위(depositional sequence unit)이며 이 지층단위는 선현세(late Pleistocene)조간대 퇴적지층단위 disconformity 의 부정합 관계로 피복하고 있다 본연구에서는 전자를 Unit I(8-10m 내외의 두께)이라 칭하고 후자를 Unit II(10m 내외의 두께)라고 구분 명명하였다, 그런데 Unit II는 암상(lithofacies)의 특징에 근거하여 상부(upper part)와 하부(lower part)로 나누어진다. 상 부는 약 3-4m 의 두께를 가지고 있으며 황갈색을 분명히 나타내며 게 구멍 화석과 동토구 조(cryogenic structure)그리고 매우 높은 값의 전단응력을 나타낸다, 그러나 하부는 회색을 띄며 낮은 전단응력 값을 나타내 상부와 뚜렷이 구분된다 이러한 Unit II의 상부가 나타내 는 암상적 특징은 지난 간빙하기(Eemian interglacial time)에 형성된 오늘과 같은 조간대층 이 18,000년 전후의 최대 빙하기(last glacial maximum : LGM) 동안의 지배하에 노출되었 고 오랜동안 토양형성 과정이 풍화작용을 받은 증거를 나타내고 있다, 따라서 이지층의 층 서학적 단위 설정과 부정합 (disconformity) 적인 경계의미는 우리나라 제4기 층서(late Quaternary stratigraphy)를 규정하는데 매우 중요하다고 제안하는 바이다.

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Late Quaternary (Late Pleistocene and Holocene) Stratigraphy and Unconformity in the Kimpo Tidal Deposits, Kyunggi Bay, West Coast of Korea (경기만 김포 조간대 지층의 제 4기 후기 층서)

  • 박용안;최경식;도성재;오재호
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 1999
  • Three deep borings to obtain vertical continuous samples including weathered basement soils (KP-1, KP-2 and KP-3) were carried out in the reclaimed Kimpo tidal flat with purposes to establish late Quaternary stratigraphy. On the basis of detailed observations and descriptions on color, sedimentary structure and textural composition of cored sediments, four lithostratigraphic units are classified. From the stratigraphic top to bottom, they are Holocene tidal sand and muddy deposit (Unit I), early Holocene freshwater marsh muddy deposit (Unit II), late Pleistocene tidal sand and muddy deposit (Unit III) and late Pleistocene basal fluvial gravel deposit (Unit IV). In particular, Unit III is divided into two parts: the upper part-weathered and cryoturbated part during the Last Glacial Maximum (Unit III-a) and the lower part-unweathered tidal sand and muddy deposit (Unit III-b).

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Characteristics and Stratigraphy of Late Quaternary Sediments on a Macrotidal Mudflat Deposit of Namyang Bay, Western Coast of Korea

  • Lim, D. I.;Choi, J. Y.;Jung, H. S.
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.46-60
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    • 2003
  • In Namyang Bay of western Korea, macrotidal-flat deposits are divisible into three late Quaternary units: Unit M1 of upper marine mud, Unit T1 of middle siderite-bearing terrestrial clay, and Unit M2 of lower marine mud. Unit M1 represents typical Holocene intertidal mudflat deposits, showing a coarsening-upward textural trend. It probably resulted from the continual retrogradation of tidal flat during the mid-to-late Holocene sea-level rise. Reddish brown-color Unit T1 consists of homogeneous clay with abundant freshwater siderite grains and plant remains. Unit T1 is clearly separated from the overlying Unit M1 by a sharp lithologic boundary. Radiocarbon age, siderite grains and lithologic features indicate that Unit T1 is originated from freshwater bog or swamp deposition infilling the localized topographic lows during the early Holocene age. Overlain unconformably by early Holocene swamp clay, Unit M2 is orange to yellow in color and mottled, suggesting significant degree of weathering during the sea-level lowstand. Such subaerial oxidation is confirmed in the vertical profiles of geotechnical properties, clay mineral assemblages and magnetic susceptibility. Unit M2 appears to be correlated with the upper part of the late Pleistocene tidal deposits developed along the western Korean coast. The sedimentary succession of the Namyang-Bay tidal-flat deposit provides stratigraphic information for the Holocene-late Pleistocene unconformity and also permits an assessment of the preservation potential of the late Pleistocene marginal marine deposit along the western coast of Korea.