• Title, Summary, Keyword: the deaf elderly

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The Life Experiences of the Deaf Elderly (농아노인의 생활 경험)

  • Park, Ina;Hwang, YoungHee;Kim, Hanho
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.525-540
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate what kind of experiences the deaf elderly would have in the course of life. It also aimed to promote the understanding of their living difficulties and culture among people with normal hearing and provide basic data to help them live with others as members of the community. Phenomenological qualitative research was conducted as part of the methodology. The subjects include seven deaf old people. Based on the results of in-depth interview and analysis, the life experiences of the deaf elderly were categorized into "unforgettable wounds," "life in the community," "life with the family," "marriage of the deaf elderly", and "living by adjusting to reality." First, the subcategories of "unforgettable wounds" include "receiving no treatment for fever," "damage by the Korean War," "alienation from the family," and "people's cold eyes." It turned out that the deaf elderly had led a life, suffering from the heart wounds that they could not forget. Second, the subcategories of "life in the community" include "inconvenience in life," "disadvantages in life," and "severed life." The deaf elderly were not only subjected to inconvenience and disadvantages in life, but also suffered loneliness, being cut off from the community. Third, the subcategories of "life with the family" include "not communicating with children," "being abandoned again," "being used by the family," "being lonely even with the family," and "wishing to live independently from the family." The deaf elderly were not supported by their families and were abandoned or used by them, leading a solitary life. Fourth, the subcategories of "marriage of the deaf elderly" include"send as a surrogate mother," "frequent remarriage and divorce," "lean on as a married couple." Deaf elderly form their own culture of the marriage and lean on each other. Finally, the subcategories of "living by adjusting to reality" include "getting help from neighbors," "behaving oneself right in life," "learning Hangul," "living by working," "living freely," "living by missing," and "controlling the impulse to end life," "resorting to religion." The deaf elderly made the most alienated and vulnerable group with no access to benefits due to their limitations as a linguistic and social minority, but they made efforts to form their own culture and adjust to reality for themselves. Based on those findings, the study made the following proposals: first, there is a need for practical approaches to heal the ineffaceable wounds in the hearts of deaf elderly. Second, there is a need for policies to help them experience no inconvenience and disadvantages as members of community and communicate with people with normal hearing. Third, there should be practical approaches to enable them to get recognition and support from their families and share love with them. Finally, there should be practical policy approaches to help people with normal hearing understand the culture of deaf elderly and assist the deaf elderly to receive supports from the community and live with others within the community.

A Study on a VoIP Phone Activation for the Special Consumer: Focused on the Deaf Market (특수시장 소비자를 위한 IP 기반의 VoIP Phone 활성화에 관한 연구: 청각장애인의 시장을 중심으로)

  • Park, Sun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.961-971
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was firstly to provide fundamental data on the activation for the IP-based video phone for the special consumer related to the physically handicapped; secondly to inform empirical data for the consumer public policy in the information technology market, specially for the deaf people. The results of study showed that consumer needs extend to not only simple voice communication for general consumers but also special demands for both the handicapped and the elderly. This study also indicated that VoIP's characteristics of technology would be easily applied to the TRS or VRS which can be adapted to the special consumer market so that VoIP service would be optimal technology for the special consumers like the deaf. In order to successfully implement TRS & VRS business, the paper proposed as follows; 1) the provision of VoIP service enable to satisfying consumers in special market such as the deaf market and the elderly market, 2) the necessity of supporting policy by the related law, and 3) the construction of the system inducing interests from the market participants.

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Effects of Age and High Frequency Hearing Loss on Binaural Speech Understanding Using HINT Study (HINT 검사를 이용한 양이의 어음이해에 있어서 노화와 고주파수 청력의 효과)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Frisina Robert D.;Frisina Susan T.;Mapes Frances M.;Hickman Elizabeth D.;Frisina D. Robert
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.26 no.1E
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2007
  • It has long been known that high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (HFHL) can contribute to difficulty in speech understanding by elderly listeners. This study evaluated the relative contribution of HFHL and age to speech understanding. Subjects included adult middle-aged and old groups with normal hearing or with limited HFHL. The Hearing-in-Noise-Test (HINT) was used to measure speech perception performance in quiet and in noise. The middle-aged groups showed significant effects of HFHL for speech intelligibility in quiet and in noise, but the old groups showed the difference in quiet only due to high frequency hearing. The results suggest that HFHL may affect speech intelligibility differently with age and therefore hearing aid selection needs to take into account the influence of age.

Implementation of Digital Hearing Aid Using Bluetooth Audio Digital Signal Processor

  • Choi, Mi-Lim;Ahn, Tae-hyun;Paik, Nam-Chil;Kwon, Young-Man;Lim, Myung-Jae;Chung, Dong-Kun
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.58-63
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    • 2017
  • The sound we hear is transmitted through the atmosphere. However, both the sound we want to hear and the surrounding sound are mixed, and noise is generated, and the sound is not clearly transmitted due to factors such as distance. In particular, in closed spaces like buildings, it is often difficult to hear sounds from outside because of the sound of reflection. People with hearing impairments, such as the elderly and the deaf, have a hard time hearing the sounds they want to hear. Thus, we are developing a hearing aid that can detect radio waves. To this end, we propose the development of a hearing aid that uses FM radio and Bluetooth. These devices are expected to be useful not only for the elderly and the deaf but also in situations where information is transmitted to a large number of people, such as students and tourists, in a large space. The main purpose of this device is to enable users to hear sound correctly without blind spots.