• Title/Summary/Keyword: territorialization

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A Study on the Expression of Movement in Architectural Design in the Second Machine Age (제2기계시대 건축디자인에서의 운동의 표현에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Won-Gaff
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.15 no.6 s.59
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2006
  • Many architects in the second machine age experiment on the movement in architectural design. They consider a movement as a flow of information and vector as well as the real motion. They express the movement in architectural design as nomad architecture, network city, rhizome, mutual transformation among building, environment and visitors, and form generation as the actualization of the virtual. It is partly the result of the philosophy of Deleuze and Bergson that a movement is just a duration as a difference of quality. It is because Deleuze explains that the realization of the virtual as a becoming is also the kind of movement. This study analyzes the method of expression of movement in architectural design in the second machine age. As a result, the movement in architectural design in the second machine age was expressed in two ways. One method is a territorialized movement that moves in the fixed trajectory and the other is a deterritorialized movement that moves in the random indeterminate trajectory.

Kyeryong Mountain as a Contested Place (경합(競合) 장소(場所)로서의 계룡산(鷄龍山))

  • Ryu Je-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.40 no.5 s.110
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    • pp.553-570
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    • 2005
  • On Kyeryong Mountain, different religious(or ideological) groups have endowed space and place with amalgams of different meanings, uses and values. In addition to Buddhism and Confucianism, Shamanism and other popular beliefs have practiced their own ideologies(or powers) to create and maintain their own territories and identities. The geographies of resistance, involving Shamanism, have been scattered all over the mountain, discontinuous in the territorialization. These geographies of resistance could be identified the best around the most sacred sites, such as Sambulbong, Amyongch'u and Sutyongch'u. The entanglement of Shamanism with Buddhism, in various patterns through space and time, has indeed contributed to the survival of Shamanism as a subordinate power.

A Study on the Characteristics of Representation on 'The new hierarchy' that Appear in the SANAA's Space Configuration of Museum (SANAA의 뮤지엄 공간구성에서 나타나는 '새로운 위계성'의 표현 특성)

  • Shin, Somyung;Yoon, Sang-Young;Yoon, Jae-Eun
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2013
  • As a period of pluralism, today's museum architecture has been expanding social and cultural meaning. So, Various expressions are appearing in museum architecture. Accordingly, the museum must be very reproducible and comply with aesthetic requirements. At the same time, museum construction in urban design and features must satisfy professional requirements. SANAA is one of contemporary architects has been decisively deleted existing fixed and functional layout type of program through 'The new hierarchy'. Thus, the experience of the space will vary. Now, museum space is urgently needed than ever before crustal movements. Thus, this study aims to contribute an alternative to the museum space configuration according to the trend of the times through 'The new hierarchy' of SANAA. This paper is limited to the cases of the SANAA's museum architecture. We analyze the characteristics of representation on 'The new hierarchy' appear in the museum space configuration and then, examine the value of the spatial. SANAA's 'New Hierarchy' is going to set the cognitive boundary by expression targeting plane and the surface. It is completely different than the previous boundaries. Characteristics of the expression represents non-centrality, decentrally, non-oriented, uncertainty, non-territorialization, uniformity. It is steady that identity of Space, Human, Environment in Museum. They have a relationship each concept of Independence, autonomy, equality.

Beyond Factual Knowledge and Symbolic Competence: Interculturality as Transcultural Intersubjectivity

  • Omengele, Theophile Ambadiang
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.20
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    • pp.295-321
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    • 2010
  • The trend of globalization has sharpened the debate on interculturality, which scholars examine from different and often conflicting points of view ('content' vs. 'practice', 'culture-specific' vs. 'universal', 'communication (meta)theory' vs. 'communication practice', 'individual' vs. 'collective', etc.). Whereas all these approaches are necessary to describe the multiple dimensions of interculturality, their dichotomous nature does not help to account for its internal complexity, which cannot be dissociated from the connections that exist among all these dimensions. The difficulty posed by the essentialist interpretations that tend to result from these dichotomies is compounded by the fact that in postmodern debates priority has been given to approaches that emphasize individual or collective agency over structural constraints which have to do with political economy or with cultural and linguistic codes and traditions. This paper aims mainly at suggesting that the dissolution of the boundaries that exist between these approaches should be pursued in order to get a fuller and richer approach to their common object of study. After discussing, by way of illustration, content-based and practice-based perspectives, we suggest that one way of getting beyond these dichotomies consists in focusing on the 'interactional' dimension of interculturality, which means laying emphasis on intersubjectivity and, particularly, on the individual subjects considered as members of different cultural communities who strive to transcend their sociocultural boundaries in order to reach harmonious interactions in a world in which inequality and the de-territorialization of people and cultures are central features.

The Identification of Nationalities and the Establishment of Minority Nationality Autonomous Regions in the People′s Republic of China: The Spatial Strategy and Its Effects (중국의 민족식별과 민족자치구역 설정 :공간적 전략과 그 효과)

  • 이강원
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.75-92
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    • 2002
  • The aim of this article is to critically review the PRC's policies related to its minority nationalities with a special emphasis on the identification of minority nationalities(minzuzhibie) and the establishment of minority nationality autonomous regions(minzuzizhiquyu), as a part of national integration Process. In that Process, the intentional application of the criteria on nationality identification, the establishment of minority nationality autonomous regions, the population redistribution policies and the gerrymandering by the government played an important role in the deconstruction of traditional basis of identities and the territorialization of ethnicity. The goals of government have been the redefinition of 'Chinese', the the invention of 'Chinese nationality(zhongguominzu or zhonghuaminzu)'and the unification of its national territory. However, these have led to the unexpected result by creating the new ethnic-territorial identities along with the nationalities identified and the territories defined by the government.

Remembering Disasters: the Resilience Approach

  • le Blanc, Antoine
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.14
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    • pp.217-245
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this paper is to show how the paradigm of disaster resilience may help reorienting urban planning policies in order to mitigate various types of risks, thanks to carefully thought action on heritage and conservation practices. Resilience is defined as the "capacity of a social system to proactively adapt to and recover from disturbances that are perceived within the system to fall outside the range of normal and expected disturbances." It relies greatly on risk perception and the memory of catastrophes. States, regions, municipalities, have been giving territorial materiality to collective memory for centuries, but this trend has considerably increased in the second half of the 20th century. This is particularly true regarding the memory of disasters: for example, important traces of catastrophes such as urban ruins have been preserved, because they were supposed to maintain some awareness and hence foster urban resilience - Berlin's Gedachtniskirche is a well-known example of this policy. Yet, in spite of preserved traces of catastrophes and various warnings and heritage policies, there are countless examples of risk mismanagement and urban tragedies. Using resilience as a guiding concept might change the results of these failed risk mitigation policies and irrelevant disaster memory processes. Indeed, the concept of resilience deals with the complexity of temporal and spatial scales, and with partly emotional and qualitative processes, so that this approach fits the issues of urban memory management. Resilience might help underlining the complexity and the subtlety of remembrance messages, and lead to alternative paths better adapted to the diversity of risks, places and actors. However, when it is given territorial materiality, memory is almost always symbolically and politically framed and interpreted; Vale and Campanella had already outlined this political aspect of remembrance and resilience as a discourse. Resilience and the territorialization of memory are not ideologically neutral, but urban risk mitigation may come at that price.

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The Relation between Regional Identity and National Identity in Regional Learning - A Case Study of Regional Textbook in Jeju Province - (지역학습에 있어서 민족정체성과 지역정체성의 관계 - 제주 지역교과서 분석은 사례로 -)

  • 남호엽;김일기
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.483-494
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the relation between regional identity and national identity in a regional textbook in Korea. In geography education, regional textbooks are curriculum materials which represent regional identity based on territorial difference from other regions. In local curriculum level, the harmony between national unity and regional identity is to be pursued as educational objective. However, this harmony appears to be distorted in the school textbook in Je-Ju Province, a case region. For example, Confucian cultural landscapes are represented as otherness in regional discourses, but togetherness in the regional textbook. Also, the regional textbook implies that the boundary of external territorialization is mainly not regions but nations, and it seems to intend that leasers get a sense of place towards their region as periphery of nation. Therefore, we argue that regional identity, which must be stressed in a regional textbook, is marginalized in a case region.

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A Study on Managing the Landscape in Dok-Rak-Dang Garden (독락당 원림 경관조영에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Yun-Young;Sung, Jong-Sang;Pae, Jeong-Hann
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.96-105
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    • 2011
  • This study analyzed literary works and references related to Dok-Rak-Dang(獨樂堂) and the attributes of managing the landscape in Dok-Rak-Dang Garden based on the assumption of position and the spatial structure revealed in the site. Hoe-Jae Lee Eon-Jeok(1491-1553), a distinguished scholar of Neo-Confusionism, built Dok-Rak-Dang and managed the surrounding areas during his retirement years. He called the mountains, stream, and rock along and near the Ja-Ge Stream Four Mountains and Five Platforms(四山五臺). Before he named these, they were not considered special. The Four Mountains which are Do-Duk in north, Mu-Hak in south, Hwa-Gae in east, and Ja-Ok in west enclose Dok-Rak-Dang and the surrounding areas. The Five Platforms, Se-Sim, Gwan-Eo, Yeong-Gue, Jing-Sim, and Tak-Yeong, in order from downstream, are places with beautiful scenery in Ja-Ge Stream. The attributes of managing the landscape in Dok-Rak-Dang Garden are the following: One is the spatial integration of what is natural and artificial as the attitude of aesthetic experience in accord with nature. Another is flexible territorialization as the way of organizing spaces in nature from the experiential aspect. The other is place making of personalized nature through a series of processes such as observing, choosing, and naming landscapes in nature. Four Mountains and Five Platforms function as landscape bases and elements to appreciate nature aesthetically. Those attributes are different from the attitude of constructing spaces. Rather, they originate from the traditional view on the appreciation of nature. Above all, place-making in nature was acquired from designed spatial structure and experiential aesthetic appreciation in the space through observing, choosing, and naming landscapes in nature reflecting creator's own ideological and aesthetic thoughts, and it might be explained as one of practical ways of Korean traditional gardening.

A Theoretical Construction for the Cultural-Political Study on the Place Names in Korea (한국 지명의 문화정치적 연구를 위한 이론의 구성)

  • Kim, Sun-Bae;Ryu, Je-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.599-619
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    • 2008
  • Korean peninsula has a long history and a geopolitical location as a buffer tone, which has provided the conditions for cultural dynamism and diversity across space and time. The changing processes of place names in Korea is considered to be better suited to the study on cultural politics that is interested in the culture wars over the meaning of culture among different social subjects. In order to ensure the legitimacy of cultural politics for the study of place names in Korea, this study attempts to make a theoretical construction based on the concepts of place identity, territorial contestation, and the politics of scale. Cultural and linguistic theories to be best applied to the study of place names in Korea are the theories on Angehm's and Castells' identity, $P{\hat{e}}cheux's$ identification, Hall's decoding, and Voloshinov's ideological sign. Power relations involved in the inclusion and exclusion are necessarily concerned with the process of constructing a place identity or territorial identity by means of a place name, which represents identity and ideology of a social subject. In the examination of this process, it is necessary to take the elements of identity, ideology and power relations into consideration. In this study, therefore, the politics of scale is experimented for its applicability in the study of place name in Korea, which is expected to accommodate concepts of boundary, territory, territoriality and territorialization. In the end, it is suggested in this study that a series of basic and interdisciplinary studies on the cultural politics of place names in a range of area should be undertaken along with the enough theoretical knowledge of cultural politics.