• Title, Summary, Keyword: technical knowledge

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The Effects of Information Search on New Product Development Process and Performance (정보탐색이 신제품개발 과정 및 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, Duksup;Ha, Seongwook
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.109-127
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    • 2020
  • This study empirically investigates the effects of information search on new product development (NPD) process and performance with a sample of 82 NPD projects in 5 firms. The information search is consisted of general sources, internal sources, and external sources. The performance is consisted of technological and market performance. Findings show that information search from internal sources increases the technological knowledge of the NPD team, and information search from external sources increases the market knowledge of the NPD team. The technological and market knowledge of the NPD team increases its technical performance respectively. Only the market knowledge of the NPD team increases its market performance. Overall, the technological knowledge of the NPD team fully mediates the relationship between the information search from internal sources and its technical performance. The market knowledge of the NPD team fully mediates the relationship between the information search from external sources and its technical performance, and the relationship between the information search from external sources and its market performance. There is no other significant mediation relationships between the information searches and the performances. Implications of the research findings are discussed, and recommendation for future research are provided.

The Impact of IT Personnel Knowledge Type on Firm Performance: Moderating Effect of Firm Size (기업규모에 따른 정보기술 인력의 지식유형과 기업성과 간의 관계)

  • Cho, Se-Hyung;Kim, Gi-Mun
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.181-206
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to investigate the impacts of managerial and technical IT knowledges on firm's financial performance. Specifically, the study examines the following three effects between IT personnel knowledges and financial performance: (1) direct effect, (2) mediating effect of business process performance, and (3) moderating effect of firm size, between them. An empirical study resulted in the followings. First, both managerial and technical IT knowledges do not have direct influences on financial performance. Second, unlike technical IT knowledge, managerial IT knowledge indirectly affects financial performance through business process performance, confirming the mediating role of business process performance. Third, while technical IT knowledge produce no direct and indirect effect on financial performance regardless of firm size, managerial IT knowledge exerts significant impacts on financial performance although such effects represent some different patterns according to firm size. That is, in the smaller group, the association between managerial IT knowledge and financial performance is partially mediated by business process performance and in the larger group, that relationship fully mediated.

Using Semantic Knowledge in the Uyghur-Chinese Person Name Transliteration

  • Murat, Alim;Osman, Turghun;Yang, Yating;Zhou, Xi;Wang, Lei;Li, Xiao
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.716-730
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose a transliteration approach based on semantic information (i.e., language origin and gender) which are automatically learnt from the person name, aiming to transliterate the person name of Uyghur into Chinese. The proposed approach integrates semantic scores (i.e., performance on language origin and gender detection) with general transliteration model and generates the semantic knowledge-based model which can produce the best candidate transliteration results. In the experiment, we use the datasets which contain the person names of different language origins: Uyghur and Chinese. The results show that the proposed semantic transliteration model substantially outperforms the general transliteration model and greatly improves the mean reciprocal rank (MRR) performance on two datasets, as well as aids in developing more efficient transliteration for named entities.

Features of an Error Correction Memory to Enhance Technical Texts Authoring in LELIE

  • SAINT-DIZIER, Patrick
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.75-101
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we investigate the notion of error correction memory applied to technical texts. The main purpose is to introduce flexibility and context sensitivity in the detection and the correction of errors related to Constrained Natural Language (CNL) principles. This is realized by enhancing error detection paired with relatively generic correction patterns and contextual correction recommendations. Patterns are induced from previous corrections made by technical writers for a given type of text. The impact of such an error correction memory is also investigated from the point of view of the technical writer's cognitive activity. The notion of error correction memory is developed within the framework of the LELIE project an experiment is carried out on the case of fuzzy lexical items and negation, which are both major problems in technical writing. Language processing and knowledge representation aspects are developed together with evaluation directions.

Development of the Technology Transfer System In Reservoir operation

  • ITO Kazumasa;IMANISHI Yumi
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.44-51
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    • 2005
  • Water flow in rivers during flood season can be 10 to 100 fold higher than normal seasons (low precipitation) in Japan and predicting flood runoff is essential for operating reservoirs with discharging gates. Abundant experiences and knowledge are requisites for operators to be able to make efficient decisions at work. This research investigated a method to transfer technical knowledge by acquiring skills and knowledge from actual dam operators and by using the information to construct an educational training system. The purpose of the research was to enable the execution of a secure and rational reservoir operation during flood period. The educational training system for reservoir operation was developed with the focuses on acquiring knowledge on hydraulics and hydrology and learning about decision making related to the reservoir operation as well as the timing of control. The system is capable of conducting education that corresponds to individual levels in each location. Of the educational training methods, a lecture method that uses textbooks is effective for the understanding of basic knowledge and concepts while a training method that uses a simulation device is essential for the practice of advanced and specialized procedures in specific fields. Simulation devices are used in operational training for airplane flight and driving cars and trains. The educational system presented here was designed to provide further assistance to those who have acquired basic knowledge and concepts through textbooks and also to at low them to perform the satisfactory operation of dam equipment. Our research proposes a method which can realize a system to acquire technical skills-the skills which are the foundation of technical knowledge and operation.

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Antecedents of Employees' Knowledge Integration Capability and Its Effects on Knowledge Creation: Focused on Convergence-Oriented Organizations (조직구성원의 지식통합 역량에 대한 선행 요인과 지식창출 효과에 관한 연구: 융합 지향 조직을 중심으로)

  • Hong, Jinwon;Suh, Woojong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.105-126
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    • 2014
  • Knowledge integration is becoming a primary function of improving organizational capabilities and performance in today's convergence paradigm. The knowledge integration capability of employees has increasingly been regarded as a critical source for developing new products and services. This study investigates the influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability and its effects. A theoretical research model was developed based on the socio-technical perspective and information processing theory. The model includes teamwork quality, expertise, IT support, and knowledge complexity as the primary influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability. A large-scale survey was conducted for gathering data (a total of 316 samples from 141 organizations) to test the proposed model. The test results of the hypotheses show that expertise and knowledge complexity are the significant influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability, and also the capability has a positive effect on the knowledge creation performance of employees. Our findings contribute to the development of initiatives for promoting employees' knowledge integration capability, especially in knowledge intensive organizations focusing on convergence products and services.

Comparative study on the contraceptive knowledge, self-efficacy according to the career tract of high school female students (인문계와 실업계 여고생들의 피임지식과 피임 자기효능감에 관한 비교)

  • Lee, Inn-Sook;Cho, Ju-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.75-88
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the contraceptive knowledge, self-efficacy according to the career tract of high school female students. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional, correlational design using an exploratory survey methodology through self-reported questionnaires. The questionnaires were administered to 369 high school female students using a convenience sampling. Results: In the experience of sexual behaviors(grasping hand, hugging, petting, deep petting, sexual intercourse), technical female high school students showed more experiences than female high school students. In the contraceptive knowledge, the score of high school students' contraceptive knowledge was higher than technical female high school students. In the contraceptive self-efficacy, there was not a significant difference between the technical female high school students and female high school students. In the female high school students, there were significant differences in the contraceptive knowledge according to grade, academic record, sex education experience and there were significant differences in the contraceptive self-efficacy according to grade, academic record, parents' attitude about acquaintance of the opposite sex. In the technical female high school students, there was not significant difference in the contraceptive knowledge according to demographic, sexual behavior, and contraceptive related characteristics but there were significant differences in the contraceptive self-efficacy according to grade, parents' attitude about acquaintance of the opposite sex, contraceptive education experience at school. There was positive relationship between contraceptive knowledge and contraceptive self-efficacy. Conclusion: Further research is needed to identify the prevalence rate of contraceptive attitude using more reliable variables. A sex education program should be developed for promoting use of contraceptive measure and formation of positive contraceptive attitude among high school female students.

Patent Citation Network Analysis as a Measure of Technical Knowledge Diffusion in Korea: Focusing on ICT (특허 인용 네트워크 분석을 통한 기술지식의 확산 경로 분석: 정보통신기술을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Byoung-Chul;Baek, Hyunmi;Kim, Myung Seuk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2015
  • Technology convergence, recently accelerated in various technical fields, can be achieved by discovering a new technology while exchanging the knowledge among the different technologies and utilizing such knowledge into the existing fields of technology. In particular, technology convergence actively occurs in knowledge-intensive ICT. However, limited research is available on the routes of ICT technical knowledge diffusion because of insufficient data. Therefore, this study built a database on the citations of patent data applied from 2006 to 2013 in Korea and their cited patents. We drew a patent citation network, a technology citation network and an applicant citation network, after which we analyzed the routes of technical knowledge diffusion. Results showed that ICT played a leading role in knowledge citation among technologies and that such diffusion took a shorter time in technology citation when it occurred more frequently and when the citation occurred between ICTs. In addition, most of the ICT showed a strong citation relationship with the other ICTs or such technologies in the field of physics or electricity, whereas electric elements (H01) showed various citation relationships with technologies other than ICT. Furthermore, we found a strong technology diffusion relationship between domestic corporations and domestic natural persons. National organizations often cited the patents of other applicants, whereas the patents of domestic corporations were actively cited between domestic corporations or by other applicants. Thus, this study is expected to be useful in measuring the performance of technologies, including the diffusion to other technologies. As well as in considering the routes of technical knowledge diffusion in Korea.

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The Effect of Cultural Dimensions on Knowledge-Sharing Intentions: Evidence from Higher Education Institutions in Jordan

  • AL HAWAMDEH, Nayel;AL QATAMIN, Ali
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.1079-1089
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    • 2021
  • The current study aims to examine the effect of Hofstede's dimensions of culture on the intention of sharing knowledge in higher education institutions (HEIs) in Jordan. In the literature, researchers have given limited attention to such an effect. Therefore, by adopting Hofstede's framework, the current study attempts to investigate how Jordan's cultural context impacts on the intentions to share knowledge in HEIs. This study applied quantitative research methods to investigate the effect of Hofstede's cultural dimensions on knowledge-sharing intentions. In total, 307 questionnaires were collected from employees in Jordanian universities and, then, tested using descriptive and regression analytical methods. The study results show that culture dimensions influence knowledge-sharing intention and that each dimension plays a different role in enhancing this knowledge-sharing intention. More specifically, it was found that long-term orientation, collectivism and high uncertainty avoidance had a positive effect on knowledge-sharing intention, while cultural masculinity and power distance had no negative effect. Based on these results, the study makes several recommendations, the most important of which is the promotion of cultural values that encourage intention to share knowledge. Also, more qualitative research is needed to explore in depth the effective means that encourage intentions to share different types of knowledge.

Comparison Before and After Emergency Patient Evaluation Education of Emergency Medical Technology Students and Its Effects on Their Technical Performance (응급구조(학)과 학생의 응급환자평가 교육 전·후 비교 및 술기 수행 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Dae-Sung;Chae, Min-Jeong;Park, Sang-Sub
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : This study compared before and after emergency patient evaluation education of the 1st graders at the department emergency medical technology(EMT) students, and analyzed its effects on patient evaluation ability after education. The aims of this study was to develop effective educational program and to provide basic materials for its educational method. Methods : This study was carried out by 66 first graders attending the department of emergency medical technology(EMT) at a college in G province and data were collected from Apr. 1 to 2, 2009. The questionnaire consisted of knowledge of emergent patient evaluation, academic self-efficacy, and technical performance after emergent patient evaluation education. We analyzed the influence of knowledge and academic self-efficacy on accurate technical performance with SPSS 14.0 version. Results : 1. In knowledge score, it was 9.27 before education and increased to 35.19 after education and that there was statistically significant difference. In academic self-efficacy, task difficulty preference scored 2.73 before education and 3.97 after education, self-control efficacy scored 2.84 before education and 4.05 after education, self-confidence scored 2.45 before education and 4.21 after education. There were statistically significant increases after education. Technical performance scored 0.00 before education, but it scored 18.78 after education and there was statistically significant increase after education. 2. In sex as one of general characteristics, self-confidence which was sub-factor of academic self-efficacy scored higher in male students(4.28) than in female students(4.10). There was statistically significant difference(p < 0.05). 3. Knowledge had positive correlation with self-control efficacy which was the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy(r = 0.249, p < 0.05) and self-confidence which is the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy had the positive correlation with technical performance(r = 0.258, p < 0.05). 4. Self-confidence which was the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy(B = 0.372, p < 0.05) had statistically significant influence on technical performance. ability of self-confidence to explain technical performance(R2) was 11.10%. Conclusion : From the results of this study, it is necessary that EMT students should learn professional first aid, accurate patient evaluation through self-efficacy development.

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