• 제목, 요약, 키워드: stable transfection

검색결과 51건 처리시간 0.035초

안정성 및 Transfection 효율이 우수한 양이온성 리포좀 유전자 전달시스템의 개발 (New Cationic Liposome with Enhanced Stability and Transfection Efficiency for Gene Delivery)

  • 김경미;남방현;손동환
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 1998
  • We have developed liposomes which can be easily prepared with inexpensive lipid, have enhanced stability, and can efficiently deliver DNA into the COS-l cells, Liposome formulations were prepared using cationic materials such as dimethyldioctadecyl ammonium bromide (DDAB), cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide(CTAB), We investigated the effect of cationic liposome formulations on in vitro DNA transfection, DDAB-containing liposomes showed increased transfection efficiency which was 3.2-fold as much as that by $Lipofectin^{\circledR}$, but CTAB-containing liposomes were inactive in gene transfection. The effect of colipid of DDAB-containing liposome was also investegated. As a colipid, dioleylphosphatidylethanolamine(DOPE) and cholesterol did altered the transfection efficiency of DDAB-containing liposomes. And increased DDAB concentration lowered the transfection efficiency. The optimum amount of liposomal formulation was $10\;{\mu}M$ for $1\;{\mu}g$ of DNA. In the experiment of stability, DOPE-containing liposomes formulation showed a broad size distribution and separation of two major peaks on a 5th day of preparation, but liposomes containing cholesterol was stable for 10 days. DDAB-containing liposomal DNA delivery system was prepared easily and was stable.

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STABLE TRANSFORMATION OF CULTURED CHICKEN CELLS

  • Han, J.Y.;Shin, Y.S.;Shoffner, R.N.;Guise, K.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.581-589
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    • 1993
  • A plasmid vector, $RSVLTR/{\beta}G2$, containing lacZ gene under the control of the RSVLTR promoter were transfected into chicken embryo fibroblasts by three different transfection methods. Calcium phosphate, lipsome and DEAE-dextran techniques were applied for transfection of chicken cells. A histochemical assay with X-gal was used as a simple method for screening transfected cells. Plasmid $RSVLTR/{\beta}G2$ was expressed proficiently in the chicken embryo fibroblast. Calcium phosphate-DNA precipitate transfection resulted in the highest efficiency for transient expression of $RSVLTR/{\beta}G2$. Transfected cells formed colonies on the 9th day of incubation indicating stable transformation of the inserted plasmid.

최적의 luminescence 신호 분석을 위한 유전자 전달 방법의 비교연구 (Comparative studies of various transfection processes for the optimal luminescence signal analysis)

  • 박서현;이승호
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.640-647
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    • 2016
  • 형광 간섭 현상을 최소화시켜 상대적으로 민감한 측정이 가능한 aequorin기반 luminescence기술은 $G_{{\alpha}16}$ 단백질 도입을 통해 세포 내부의 칼슘 이동 신호를 감지하여 G 단백질 결합 수용체(G protein-coupled receptor, GPCR)의 기능 분석을 가능하게 하는 세포 기반 분석 기술로 수용체 및 G 단백질 유전자 전달의 최적화 과정이 필수적이다. 본 연구를 위해 corticotropin releasing factor receptor subtype 2(CRF2) 수용체를 모델 시스템으로 CRF2와 $G_{{\alpha}16}$ 단백질이 구축된 세 가지 안정화 세포주를 제작하였고, 이들을 이용한 서로 다른 세 가지 조건의 임시 발현 세포주에서 작용제(sauvagine)와 길항제(K41498)의 반응성을 분석하여 최적의 유전자 전달 방법을 도출하고자 하였다. 그 결과 sauvagine 및 K41498의 농도에 따른 반응에서 CRF2-$G_{{\alpha}16}$ 안정화 세포주가 임시 발현 세포주보다 10배 이상의 유효신호 비율을 나타내었고(z'=0.77) 임시 발현 세포주의 경우 $G_{{\alpha}16}$의 안정화 발현 이후에 CRF2를 전달하는 경우가 다른 임시 발현 조건보다 2배 이상 높은 효율을 보였다(z'=0.84). 따라서 임시 유전자 전달 기술을 GPCR 세포 기능 분석 시스템에 활용할 경우 $G_{{\alpha}16}$ 단백질에 대한 안정화 세포주를 우선적으로 구축하고, 목표하는 다양한 수용체들을 단계적으로 발현시키는 것이 최선의 방법이라 판단된다.

Effect of Dexamethasone Preincubation on Polymer-Mediated Gene Delivery

  • Choi, Joon-Sig;Lee, Min-Hyung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.1209-1213
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    • 2005
  • Nuclear membrane is one of the main barriers in intracellular delivery of genetic materials. The previous report showed that glucocorticoid receptor dilated the nuclear pore to 60 nm in the presence of a ligand. It was also suggested that the transport of genetic material to nucleus might be facilitated by glucocorticoid. In this study, the effect of glucocorticoid preincubation in the polymeric gene delivery was investigated. The cells were preincubated with dexamethasone, a potent glucocorticoid, and transfection assays were performed with polyethylenimine (PEI) and polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer. As a result, the transfection efficiency of PEI or PAMAM to the cells in the presence of dexamethasone was enhanced, compared to the cells without dexamethasone. This effect was not observed in the cells preincubated with cholesterol. The polymer/DNA complex was stable in the presence of dexamethasone. In addition, the cytotoxicities of the polymeric carriers to the cells were observed in the presence of dexamethasone. In conclusion, dexamethasone enhances the transfection efficiency of polymeric carriers and may be useful in the development of polymeric gene carriers.

Sequential Conjugation of 6-Aminohexanoic Acids and L-Arginines to Poly(amidoamine) Dendrimer to Modify Hydrophobicity and Flexibility of the Polymeric Gene Carrier

  • Yu, Gwang-Sig;Yu, Ha-Na;Choe, Yun-Hui;Son, Sang-Jae;Ha, Tai-Hwan;Choi, Joon-Sig
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.651-655
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    • 2011
  • We synthesized a novel cationic dendrimer consisting of a poly(amidoamine) dendrimer (PAMAM, generation 4) backbone with both L-arginine (Arg) at the termini and 6-aminohexanoic acid (Ahx) between the original core polymer and the peripheral Arg units. The sequential chemical modification of PAMAM G4 with Ahx and Arg resulted in higher transfection efficiency with much less cytotoxicity. PAMAM G4-Ahx-Arg formed stable polyplexes at weight ratios of 8:1 or higher (polymer: plasmid DNA), and the mean polyplex diameter was $180{\pm}20nm$. PAMAM G4-Ahx-Arg showed much higher transfection ability than PAMAM G4 or PAMAM G4-Ahx. Furthermore, PAMAM G4-Ahx-Arg was much less cytotoxic than PEI25KD and PAMAM G4-Arg. In addition to Arg grafting of the PAMAM dendrimer, which endows a higher transfection capability, the addition of Ahx spacer increased dendrimer hydrophobicity, introduced flexibility into the conjugated amino acids, and reduced cytotoxicity. Overall, it appears that the concomitant modification of PAMAM with Ahx and Arg could lead to new PAMAM conjugates with better performances.

SV 40 Promoter를 갖는 Plasmid에 의한 NIH3T3 섬유아세포의 형질전환 (Transforming Capacity of the Plasmid Containing SV40 Promoter in NIH3T3 Fibroblast Cells)

  • 이영환;김광식;서용택;김용웅;박남용;황태주
    • 미생물학회지
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.10-15
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    • 1989
  • Mammalian cell 연구에 쓰기 위해 개발된 SV 40 transcriptional promoter를 함유하는 pKOneo plasmid를 발암 유전인자 연구에 쓰이는 NIH3T3 쥐 세포에 stable transfection 시켜 7개의 sub clones 얻었으며, 이 subclones이 갖는 세포 형질전환에 관한 여러가지 성질을 조사하였다. 실험결과에 따르면 stable transfection 후 세포 염색체에 삽입된 pKOneo plasmid 자체만으로도 NIH3T3 세포의 형질전환을 크게 일으키는 것으로 사료되었다.

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Establishment of An Efficient and Stable Transgene Expression System in Chicken Primordial Germ Cells

  • Yang, Ju-Hyun;Kim, Sung-Tae
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.1536-1540
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    • 2012
  • Chicken primordial germ cells (cPGCs) are founder germ cells in embryonic stage of development that eventually give rise to sperms or oocytes. Currently cPGCs are only known cells enabling germline transmission in chicken and their cultivation protocols were recently established. Although genome modifications of chickens are now theoretically possible using cPGCs, there are still several hurdles to overcome to practically use cPGCs as mediators for chicken transgenesis. First, efficiency of gene delivery into cPGCs remains low with current methods. Second, there aregene silencing mechanisms against the expression of foreign genes in cPGCs. In this study, we successfully increased the efficiency of gene delivery in cPGCs by taking advantage of the TTAA-specific $piggybac$ transposon system. Moreover, a pipette-type electroporator significantly enhanced transfection efficiency up to 5-fold compared withcuvette-type methods. Taken together, the technological advances in our study will provide practical benefits for the application to fulfill genetic modifications of chicken genome.

R3V6 Amphiphilic Peptide with High Mobility Group Box 1A Domain as an Efficient Carrier for Gene Delivery

  • Ryu, Jaehwan;Jeon, Pureum;Lee, Minhyung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.12
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    • pp.3665-3670
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    • 2013
  • The R3V6 peptide includes a hydrophilic arginine stretch and a hydrophobic valine stretch. In previous studies, the R3V6 peptide was evaluated as a gene carrier and was found to have low cytotoxicity. However, the transfection efficiency of R3V6 was lower than that of poly-L-lysine (PLL) in N2A neuroblastoma cells. In this study, the transfection efficiency of R3V6 was improved in combination with high mobility group box 1A domain (HMGA). HMGA is originated from the nuclear protein and has many positively-charged amino acids. Therefore, HMGA binds to DNA via charge interaction. In addition, HMGA has a nuclear localization signal peptide and may increase the delivery efficiency of DNA into the nucleus. The ternary complex with HMGA, R3V6, and DNA was prepared and evaluated as a gene carrier. First, the HMGA/DNA complex was prepared with a negative surface charge. Then, R3V6 was added to the complex to coat the negative charges of the HMGA/DNA complex, forming the ternary complex of HMGA, R3V6, and DNA. A physical characterization study showed that the ternary complex was more stable than the PLL/DNA complex. The HMGA/R3V6/DNA complex had a higher transfection efficiency than the PLL/DNA, HMGA/DNA, or R3V6/DNA complexes in N2A cells. Furthermore, the HMGA/R3V6/DNA complex was not toxic to cells. Therefore, the HMGA/R3V6/DNA complex may be a useful gene delivery carrier.

A549 폐 상피세포에서 합토글로빈에 의한 염증반응 조절 (Inflammatory Regulation by Haptoglobin in A549 Cells)

  • 김남훈;이명재;김인숙
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.500-504
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    • 2006
  • 합토글로빈(Hp)은 조직손상이나 감염 등의 염증시에 혈중 농도가 증가하는 급성기반응단백질로서 주로 간에서 생합성되지만 염증을 동반한 폐에서도 발현됨이 보고되었다. 폐에서 합성되는 Hp이 염증반응에 어떤 영향을 주는지를 조사하고자, Hp을 과발현하는 폐상피세포를 사용하여 COX-2 및 염증관련 cytokine들의 발현을 조사하였다. Stable transfection 또는 transient transfection된 A549 세포에서 Hp이 잘 발현되고 있음을 확인한 후 COX-2의 발현을 측정한 결과, Hp의 과발현에 의해 COX-2 합성이 현저히 증가함을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 Hp을 과발현하는 A549세포에 LPS ($1{\mu}g/ml$) 또는 $IL-1{\beta}$ (100 U/ml)를 각각 24시간 동안 처치하였을 때, Hp에 의한 COX-2 발현 증가는 LPS또는 $IL-1{\beta}$자극에 의해 협동적으로 증가하였다. ACP-based PCR 방법으로 염증관련 cytokine들의 발현을 측정한 결과, Hp에 의해 SPARC의 발현이 현저히 저하되는 반면에 IL-4 및 S100A1 유전자 발현은 약간 증가함을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 결과들은 폐상피세포에서 Hp이 염증반응을 활성화시키는 기전으로 작용함을 시사한다.

Generation and Characterization of a Stable Full-Length Ecotropic Murine Leukemia Virus Molecular Clone that Produces Novel Phenotypes to Fv1 Restriction

  • Bae, Eun-Hye;Park, Sung-Han;Park, Sang-Min;Park, Jin-Woo;Lim, Mi-Suk;Jung, Yong-Tae
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.799-804
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    • 2008
  • Retrovirus tropism can be restricted by host cell factors such as Fv1, TRIM5${\alpha}$, and LvI that inhibit infection by targeting the incoming viral capsid. The Fv1 gene inhibits murine leukemia virus infection in mice, but the precise mechanism of Fv1-mediated restriction is poorly understood. Our previous studies had demonstrated that Fv1-mediated viral tropism can be determined within the capsid protein at position 114. To study the interaction between Fv1 and CA, we introduced amino acid substitution and deletion at this site in the N-tropic AKV capsid gene. The mutated two-LTR proviral DNAs were introduced into SC-1 cells by transfection. After transfection, cell supernatants collected from transfected cells were tested for host range susceptibility. The result indicated that substitution of amino acids did not alter tropism, but the deletion of 114His produced a virus with unusual tropism. The novel phenotype produced here failed to replicate in Fv1-expressing cells. This mutant virus showing such an extreme restriction pattern would be useful for studying the mechanism of Fv1-mediated restriction.