• Title/Summary/Keyword: spatial planning

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Creative Industries in Germany - Recent Development and the Role of Science and Technology Parks

  • Gruehn, Dietwald
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2014
  • The paper deals with the emergence of creative industries in Germany in the last decade and points out the recent development of creative industries at examples from different sub-segments. Recent national and regional policies are reflected and the importance of creative industries in relation to other economic branches will be discussed. Key factors for the development of creative industries are highlighted based on a literature review and a compilation of several empirical research studies. The paper points out the role of Science & Technology Parks for the development and further development of creative industries, based on German experiences. Finally, the conclusion deals with some ideas to facilitate the impact of Science and Technology Parks on creative industries in Germany.

Criteria of Evaluation Method of Importance of Individual Plant to Establishment of the Conservation Rank (보전등급 설정에 대한 식물개체의 중요도 평가의 기준)

  • Song Jong-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 2005
  • To evaluate the natural environmental conditions of the local areas, the method using the individual plant was discussed here. Based on Ohba's(1979) and Okuda and Nakamura's systems(1989), 9 items were proposed. The items evaluated were classified in 4 criterias: quality, quantity, function and vitality. This evaluation method could be used to promote spatial planning and to alleviate other administrative problems. Also it could be applied to decide the conservation level of plant individual.

A study of Architectural Planning on the Spacial Configuration of Public Libraries - Focused on Comparative Analysis between Selected Designs in Competition and Final Executed Designs - (공공도서관의 공간구성에 관한 건축계획적 연구 - 현상설계 당선안과 실시설계안을 중심으로 -)

  • Jun, Han-Jong;Kim, Seung-Pil
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to comparatively analyze the designs selected in the competition and those executed actually for the public libraries and thereupon, check if competition winner architects' original intentions were maintained or not, and thereby, review the details of changed designs and their causes, and thus, provide some basic data useful to architectural planning and design of future public libraries. For this purpose, researcher sampled 5 public libraries designed and constructed through competition in Seoul and Gyeong-In area since 2000, and thereupon, comparatively analyzed the selected designs and executed ones to review the details and causes of changed designs and determine the characteristics of the spatial planning for the public libraries.

A study on color planning appropriate for residential space (주거공간의 색채 계획에 대한 공간별 비교분석에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Mi-Kyeong;Shin, Sun-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 2007
  • The demand for residential space is encompassing diverse ranges to keep pace with the times. Due to the Increase in wealth, people today want more functional and physical well being as well as giving more weight to the emotional aspect in spatial planning. This study paid special attention on the psychological effect of color--especially difference of warm/cold temperature--and the individual variation on favorable colors. 1. For a communal space (e.g. living rooms), subjects showed high preference of YR range of colors and warm colors. 2. For an individual space (e.g. bedrooms), subjects showed high preference of GY range of colors and neutral colors. 3. For a sanitary space (e.g. bathrooms), subjects showed high preference of PB and B ranges of colors, and cold colors. 4. For all of the above spaces, subjects showed high preference of warm colors.

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A Study on Hans Scharoun's Architectural Characteristics of Berlin Philharmonic Concert Hall (베를린 필하모니 콘서트홀에 나타난 한스 샤룬의 건축적 특성 연구)

  • Chu, Beom;Kim, Hong-Gi
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 2007
  • Berlin Philharmonic Concert Hall is one of most prominent architecture of Hans Scharoun, which is known as the fine combination of the functionalism as an important factor in modern architecture and the hi-developed technology Moreover, the plan and spatial planning of the concert hall is famous for its evolutionary approach compared to other traditional concert halls. The objective of this paper is to examine forms and organic system of functions of this concert hall in order to re-evaluate it's historical meanings in our modern architecture history, The current study will also look into how the personal background of Hans Scharoun has influenced his design in various ways, especially the inside of lobby and auditorium of Berlin Philharmonic Concert Hall.

A Study on the Spatial Characteristics of Public Library (공공도서관의 실내공간특성에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, A-Ri;Hwang, Yeon-Sook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.172-180
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    • 2007
  • As library have become changed. Beyond conventional simple functions such as data storing and recording, the functions of modern public libraries are expended to various directions, for example functions of encouraging residents to utilize information and participate in cultural activities and also a function of life-long education, resulting in playing a role as complex space. As the role of public libraries changes into a complex one, spatial planning reflecting this change is required. Spatial arrangements, furniture arrangements and interior images in 12 public libraries in Seoul were analyzed. As a result of the study, it was found that in spatial arrangements, many public libraries linked spaces by functions. Furniture arrangements have been changing from the closed arrangement to the open arrangement. Interior images were identified as static and simple except digital information space. Accordingly, public libraries have became needed to play a proper role of community facilities for local residents by planning furniture arrangements and conducting interior designs taking characteristics of many different users into consideration.

A Study on the Characteristics of the Spatial Planning of the Women's Hospital for the Medical Environment Change (의료환경변화에 대응한 여성전문병원의 공간계획특성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Woong;Joo, Jin-Hyung;Park, Jae-Seung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.6 no.11
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2000
  • Recently, the Korean medical system changed with diversification & specialization and the field of medical service is also specialized in these days. Furthermore, it is required to discriminate the existing concept of women's hospital in spatial management. This study performed the literature review of women's characteristics, and trends of women's hospitals survey. And then, the spatial characteristics of selected women's hospitals, which were recently built in Korea, were analyzed. Finally, the planning & design guidelines for future women's hospital were suggested after the completion of case analysis & synthesis.

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The Present and Future for the Protection, Management and Planning of Landscape in the Country - A Perspective from Holism - (국토경관 보호·관리·계획의 현재와 미래 - 전체론의 관점을 중심으로 -)

  • Ryu, Je-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.166-175
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    • 2015
  • Nowadays, in the European countries, landscape is spoken of its importance as often as environment, by those who are engaged in such fields as politics, administration, research and civil society. In Korea, while recognizing such an international trend, academics and administrators have made a series of efforts to reflect landscape concept on a variety of policies. However, it is recognized that the effects of these policies have not been satisfactory. Under these circumstances, this paper aims to examine the complex values and multiple meanings in the landscape, which have been discussed by landscape experts in the European countries. Then, it aims to the explore the future direction of policy and research on the landscape to be pursued in Korea, where there is relatively less interest in the issues of landscape. It is argued that landscape should be approached and understood from a holistic perspective, because it is a very complex concept with multiple meanings that have been coined differently depending on the situation. All the academic fields, involved in the landscape research, should try in co-operation to develop the comprehensive approach rather than the inter- and multi-disciplinary approach to the landscape study. In Korea, moreover, it is also necessary in the legislation to recognize the fact that degradation and retreat in the quality of landscape would make a negative effect on the quality of human daily life. Natural and cultural heritages contained in the rural landscape are also now in danger of disappearing. These heritages, therefore, should become an important subject for research and policy on landscape before the countryside is completely evacuated after the aging population die out. To make this happen, it is very urgent that evaluation and classification of landscape character should be undertaken from the holistic perspective, which is equipped with a methodology overcoming as well as encompassing the boundaries of academic fields. It is also equally very urgent that education on landscape should be provided to the politicians, citizens and students as well as the officials dealing with landscape matters. Finally, government should strive to make the landscape concept penetrate deeply as well as widely into the spatial planning and legislation process while designing and implementing a comprehensive landscape policy at the national level.

Vulnerability Assessment to Urban Thermal Environment for Spatial Planning - A Case Study of Seoul, Korea - (공간계획 활용을 위한 도시 열환경 취약성 평가 연구 - 서울시를 사례로 -)

  • Eum, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to assess vulnerability in urban thermal environments of Seoul by using indicators frequently used in previous studies as well as effective indicators for spatial planning like urban and environmental planning. For this purpose, fifteen indicators that influence urban thermal environments such as heat waves, urban heat island effects, and urban micro-climates were identified based on literature reviews. Indicators for presenting urban structure and spatial properties were included; for example, building volume as 'exposure to climate', buildings completed before 1980 as 'sensitivity', and green space areas as 'adaptive capacity'. Among them, twelve indicators were applied to assess vulnerability in urban thermal environments of Seoul by using a GIS spatial analysis combined with fuzzy logic. The results show that the Gangnam area is identified as more vulnerable to a heat environment as compared to the Gangbuk area. In the Gangnam area, Seocho-gu, Gangnam-gu, Dongjak-gu, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Gangseo-gu were relatively high in vulnerability, while Dongdaemun-gu, Gangbuk-gu, Gwangjin-gu, Jungrang-gu were relatively high in the Gangbuk area. Gwanak-gu, Dobong-gu, Eunpyeong-gu, and Nowon-gu, which include forested areas, have low vulnerability in the sectors of 'exposure to climate' and 'sensitivity' due to the impact of Gwanaksan and Bukhansan. However, some areas with high vulnerability like Seocho-gu and Gangnam-gu may have lower vulnerability if the indicator 'status of air conditioning' from the sector of 'adaptive capacity' is used. This study could support the establishment of a practicable thermal environment policy and spatial planning to reduce heat-related risks in the field of urban and environmental planning.

A Study on the Development of a BIM-based Spatial Planning Simulation System for Architectural Planning Stage Support (건축기획단계 지원을 위한 BIM 기반 공간계획 시뮬레이션 시스템 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Sun-Young;Choi, Ju-Won;Kim, Ju-Hyung;Kim, Jae-Jun
    • Journal of KIBIM
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2011
  • The planning stage of an architectural project has much more significant effects on the cost or outcome of the project than other stages of the project. In addition, the importance of architectural planning has been further increasing according to the recent trend of construction projects becoming larger in scale and more complex. In spite of this, the current situation is that the planning stage work is not being systematically managed. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to develop a BIM-based simulation system for providing support during architectural planning stage such as spatial planning & review, cost review, project owner requirements management, etc. It is easy to review various alternatives using this system that allows not only the modeling of space object modeling but also the instantaneous review of spatial area & layout, cost, etc. based on object information. In addition, it can be used as a communication tool with the project owner as it provides the visualized information and quantitative data of the building model, and the information created through this system can be delivered to the following stage for usage. It is thought that using this system, the entire project work including the architectural planning stage can be supported and even contributing to the advancement of architectural process.