• Title/Summary/Keyword: spatial planning

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Healing Performance Shown in International Design Guidelines for Nursing Homes (국외 요양시설 디자인가이드라인에 나타난 치유성능 연구)

  • Oh, Ahyeon;Jang, Miseon;Lee, Yeunsook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2017
  • Although nursing homes where physically weak seniors live must be planned as an healing environment for maintaining and improving holistic health conditions of the senior residents, many of the nursing homes in Korea are currently placed in poor environment due to lack of minimum criteria or design guideline for spatial planning. Therefore, this study aims to extract healing elements shown in nursing home design guidelines that have been developed and utilized in several developed welfare countries where aging has started before Korea. The subjects of this study were 4 international nursing homes design guidelines; and they were analyzed by the content analysis technique. As for analysis units, design guideline items were selected; and spatial composition, three dimensions of health, and healing elements for supporting the health conditions were used as analysis categories. As results, firstly, among total 259 guidelines, the guidelines that commonly applied to all the spaces turned out to be the most, then the guidelines to be applied in bathroom turned out to be the most. Secondly, in terms of holistic health, the proportion of design guideline for supporting physical health turned out to be highest followed by the one for mental health and social health. Thirdly, In terms of healing elements, items for safety, accessibility, comfort, and convenience that supported physical health and cognition that supported mental health turned out to be high. This study is expected to provide the framework for comprehensively understanding the existing design guidelines of nursing homes in the perspective of healing and to be utilized as fundamental resource for spatial planning to improve healing effects in the nursing homes in the future.

Suggestion for Spatialization of Environmental Planning Using Spatial Optimization Model (공간최적화 모델을 활용한 환경계획의 공간화 방안)

  • Yoon, Eun-Joo;Lee, Dong-Kun;Heo, Han-Kyul;Sung, Hyun-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2018
  • Environmental planning includes resource allocation and spatial planning process for the conservation and management of environment. Because the spatialization of the environmental planning is not specifically addressed in the relevant statutes, it actually depends on the qualitative methodology such as expert judgement. The results of the qualitative methodology have the advantage that the accumulated knowledge and intuition of the experts can be utilized. However, it is difficult to objectively judge whether it is enough to solve the original problem or whether it is the best of the possible scenarios. Therefore, this study proposed a methodology to quantitatively and objectively spatialize various environmental planning. At first, we suggested a quantitative spatial planning model based on an optimization algorithm. Secondly, we applied this model to two kinds of environmental planning and discussed about the model performance to present the applicability. Since the models were developed based on conceptual study site, there was a limitation in showing possibility of practical use. However, we expected that this study can contribute to the fields related to environmental planning by suggesting flexible and novel methodology.

A Proposal for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design for Making Safe Residential Environment - Focusing on Alleys in the Residential Area of Busan - (안전한 주거환경 조성을 위한 범죄예방 환경디자인 제안 - 부산시 주거지역 골목길 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Seung-Yeong;An, Su-Mi;Son, Kwang-Ho
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.150-159
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    • 2014
  • Recently, violent crimes against the socially disadvantaged have become more frequent and became serious social issues. In addition, compared to the past, the crime methods have become more diverse and intricate, which results in larger damages. For those reasons, the public are increasingly concerned about crimes and it is detrimental to the quality of life in general. Currently, safety in alleys and other residential spaces is protected only by mechanical and managerial functions such as CCTV and police patrol. Safe environment from crimes can be achieved only if there are environmental and spatial plans such as CPTED (Crime Prevention through Environmental Design) principles. The purpose of this study is to propose a direction for spatial planning that can prevent crimes through environmental elements, by researching the spatial planning and current status of alleys and residential spaces from the viewpoint of CPTED. To do so, first, a review checklist was created based on five principles of CPTED and field surveys were conducted on the northern districts of Busan with high crime rates. Second, the problems were analyzed through the field surveys and checklist was classified based on five principles of CPTED to propose improvements for each item. Also, a computer graphic simulation was used to suggest a design proposal. We expect that the application of the basic environmental design principles and guidelines for CPTED will have the effect of creating crime-free and safe spaces in alleys and residential environment.

An Establishment Specialization the Planning of Fishing Villages in Biando via Analysing Amenity Resources (어메니티자원 분석을 통한 비안도 어촌 마을 특화계획)

  • Lee, Chan;Lee, Doohyeong;Kang, Hyunkyung;An, Kyungjin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.209-220
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study is to establish the planning of Biando fishing village where can be well-known fishing villages in Korea. In order to have highlighted a tourist attractions, the identities of Biando fishing village were investigated natural resources, amenity resources, ecological resources and so on. Based on these resources, the planning of Biando fishing village considers to between community facilities and community spaces. To create the attractive fishing village, the study was underwent 5 process. The 5 process is followed as; 1) Choose the planning site 2) Literature review 3) Fields survey 4) Site Analysis 5) Spatial Planning. Through those results, Biando fishing village were classified 4 spaces. Each 4 spaces have got their own theme. The main focus of 4 spaces was associated with communicating between space and space, connecting between space and space. The first space theme was "Meeting the geese" and the main focus of planning was entry space creating. The second space theme was "Walking in the heaven" and the main focus of planning was ecological resource exploring space and relaxing space. The third space theme was "Secret of shingle beach" and the main focus of planning was leisure and experience space. Last space theme was "Falling into the sea" and the main focus of planning was trekking and leisure space.

A Study on the Evaluation of 'Small Library' Design Applying Natural Environmental Characteristics - Focused on the Case Study - (자연환경 특성을 적용한 '작은도서관' 디자인 평가에 관한 연구 - 사례조사를 중심으로 -)

  • Hong, Min-Hee;Shim, Eun-ju
    • The Journal of Sustainable Design and Educational Environment Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 2020
  • Many libraries have recently become enlarged and industrialized. Spaces dedicated to natural environments and climates in libraries have been isolated, and spaces that take natural environments into consideration have only recently started to receive attention. People all around the world enjoy reading books in nature. Reading is interpreted as the same context as the desire to go somewhere higher. Contemporary people have discovered ways to enjoy reading books along with nature by establishing bookshelves in mountains, forests, or green fields. These people have created libraries that place nature as the protagonist. In spatial terms, natural environments mainly encompass scientific and systemic concepts and embrace a sentimental approach to the natural environments of local areas not previously considered. The purpose of this research study is to present the direction for spatial planning that harmonizes nature with space, and to propose the spatial planning of a "small library" by applying natural environmental characteristics.

A Study on Spatial Structure Analysis for Comprehensive Rural Clustered Villages Development Area using the Space Syntax Method Technique (Space Syntax를 이용한 농촌마을종합개발사업 권역의 공간구조분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Haeng-Wook;Kim, Young-Joo;Choi, Soo-Myung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2004
  • In order to revitalize rural areas fundamentally through multifunctional utilization of their resources, it should be necessary to prepare the rational development plan to the areal characteristics and conditions, and the first priority of its planning works should be given to spatial planning. The space syntax method, a powerful objective and quantitative analysis tool on the relationship between social and spatial characteristics, was introduced in this study. Five Comprehensive Rural Clustered Villages Development Areas in the Jeonnam-province were selected as case study areas, of which total area's and included villages' spatial variables were measured and analyzed. Rural villages analyzed in this study have the spatial structure badly systematized and much complicated, which results from low integration and deep spatial depth of them. And, by virtue of relatively many axial lines, there should be few differences between villages in terms of local integration, connectivity and control, while being significant difference in terms of global integration showing the whole areal characteristics. Intelligibility, the correlation coefficient between connectivity(local variable) and integration(global one) is low, which means that the spatial structure of the study areas is difficult for visitors to understand the area or village well. Spatial configuration analysis results in the case study areas showed that each development area has a unique spatial structure and is differentiated in terms of not only local spatial variables but also global spatial variables. Therefore, global and local characteristics should be considered in spatial analysis of development areas.

해양공간계획 적용을 통한 해상교통관제구역의 효율적 관리 방안

  • Kang, Yoon Ho;Jeong, Jung Sik;Kim, Joo-Sung;Sim, Jae Ho;Byun, Ki Jeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.300-302
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    • 2014
  • 해상교통관제(VTS, Vessel Traffic Service)는 초창기 정보 전달 역할에서 최근에 선박의사결정지원과 정보통신기술이 결합된 e-Navigation의 중심축으로 그 역할이 확대 되고 있다. 관제 구역은 선박이 항해하는 항로, 정박지, 준설구역, 급유작업, 수상레져 활동, 낚시등 다양한 해양 활동이 동시에 이뤄지고 있다. 따라서 발전하는 관제센터의 역할에 발맞춰 관제 구역에도 해양공간계획(MSP, Marine Spatial Planning) 개념을 도입하여 구역에 대한 관리를 강화해 나갈 필요가 있다. 본 연구에서는 해양공간계획을 도입한 선행 연구 사례를 검토하고 이를 우리나라 해상교통관제에 적용하기 위한 제안을 하고자 한다.

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A Study on Planning Direction of University Student Lounges - Focused on a Preference Analysis of K University Students - (대학교 실내 휴게 공간 계획 방향에 관한 연구 - K 대학교의 대학생 선호도 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Ho-Soon;Park, Sung-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2016
  • University campus is confronted with a variety of educational circumstances. U-Campus and the changes in students' academic activities demand a remodeling of university campus. The purpose of this study is planning direction for a remodeling space in university. This study in particular focus on indoor student lounges for the students. A survey asked students about a preference of indoor student lounges. Four preferences; the physical characteristics, preference of furnitures and lighting, preference of behaviors and preference of space programs are classified through the analysis on advanced studies. The results show not only students' preference but also a preference of each four different departments students; Social science, Physical education, Natural sciences and Engineering. In conclusion, this study will suggest a concrete plan for the future direction of the indoor student lounges at this point increased the importance of the university indoor student lounges.

The Theoretical Study on the Functions of Urban Space for Pedestrians (도시보행공간의 기능에 대한 이론적 고찰)

  • 이양재
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 1987
  • The modernistic rationalism which thinks much of the mathematical rationality and economic efficiency is widely spread in Korea economic planning, urban planning, urban transportation planning, and the like. As a result the demands to humanity, amanity, and so on have been disregarded in the name of rationality in urban spatial organization, the typical examples, one of the pedestrian space. The pedestrian space which is passed over easily from the view point of the modernistic rationalism, is actually the space that should be reflected abundantly in urban space. The author emphasized a need of reconsideration on the position of pedestrian space in urban spatial planning process, and adopted the theoretical research on the functions and roles of pedestrian space. In consequence of this study the functions of pedestrian space are considered : the first, the function as a space for moving, the second, the function as a space for buffer. the third, the function as a space for intermediation. the fourth, the function as a space for urban daily life. the fifth, the function as new urban environment-making factor.

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A Study on the Community Space that Affect the Public Rental Housing Satisfaction Determinants (공공임대주택 단지만족도에 영향을 미치는 공동체공간 결정 요인에 관한 분석)

  • Park, Joon-Young;Jeong, Jae-Jin;Park, woo-Jang
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to analyze the satisfaction targeted community space for public rental housing tenants a real community space. and community space is analyzed only through the factor analysis of the effects of satisfaction, multiple regression analysis etc. As a result, the space community and public rental housing will only affect the satisfaction, factors affecting such analysis was 'common space', 'exercise place', 'resting place'. Thus, a variety of political and institutional efforts and practical research for interactive spatial planning public rental housing estates satisfaction for the improvement and community activation moving away from passive concept of the one-way ever to supply that community space in the past, provider centers and considering the tenant characteristics is required.