• Title/Summary/Keyword: spatial planning

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A Study on the Spatial Planning of Community in Urban Underground Space for Sustainable Urban Regeneration (지속가능한 도시재생을 위한 도심 지하공간의 커뮤니티 공간 계획에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Mi-Kyoung;Kim, A-Hyun;Lee, Hyo-Chang
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.205-216
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    • 2013
  • Korean cities need sustainable urban regeneration based on the effective application of space and resource. Especially a sustainable urban regeneration needs the activation of community in the urban underground space as urban development center. The purpose of this study is to propose elements and factors of spatial planning of community in urban underground space for sustainable urban regeneration and to propose the characteristics of spatial planning of community in urban underground space according to strategies of sustainable urban regeneration. The research methods of this study used to conduct research include precedent study reviews and survey. The conclusions of this study are as following; The application of various factors related to spatial planning aspect of communication, supportive cultural facilities, accessibility and nature is needed for creating a sustainable urban regeneration. Especially, in urban underground space, the application of spatial planning for community activation considered strategies of sustainable urban regeneration should be necessary. And introduction of cultural facilities, multi-dimensional pedestrian network for accessibility and natural elements for activating community in urban underground space are needed for making sustainable urban regeneration.

Critical Reviews on Concept of Spatial Planning - From the Perspective of ESDP and PCPA in 2004 in the UK - (공간계획의 개념에 관한 검토 - 유럽의 ESDP와 영국의 PCPA 2004를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Kwon, Hyuk-Jin;Lee, Cheon-Jae
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.99-122
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    • 2015
  • Spatial planning, is required to be conceptualized corresponding to the shifts in planning paradigm through logical and systematic approaches. The concept of planning, thus, should be considered in terms of not only the planning discipline but also the planning activities or practices. This study aims to review and examine the concept of spatial planning based on the different approaches of planning and analyze the difference between land use planning, then review a meaning of spatial planning in terms of its dimensions. The research range will be limited to only the concept of spatial planning and survey was carried on through collecting the secondary research data by literature reviews and both descriptive and comparative approaches will be applied concurrently. The key findings of the study can be found as follows: Firstly, spatial planning has been reviewed with regard to theoretical, practical and integrated approaches. Secondly, the concept of spatial planning has been examined in terms of definitions, dimensions and analysis criteria and then analyzed conceptual differences compared with traditional land use planning. Finally, a meaning of spatial planning has been highlighted based on the dimensions of spatial planning, such as future visions, policy toolbox, sustainable development and inclusivity.

An Analysis of Ecosystem Service's trade-off through Systems Thinking (시스템 사고를 통한 생태계서비스의 trade-off 관계 고찰)

  • Ham, Eun Kyung;Kim, Min;Chon, Jinhyung
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.75-100
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze causation of Ecosystem service's trade-off(ES trade-off) and to establish baseline data for wise spatial planning and management. In order to understand why and how ES trade-off occurs, systems thinking and causal loops were employed. The causal loop of ecosystem service creation cycle includes profits quantification process, decision making process, spatial planning and management process, and ecosystem services creation process. The profits quantification process has a limitation that all ecosystem service categories were not included in profits quantification, because quantification method for cultural services is insufficient. These problems led to unequal discussion opportunity in decision making process. ES trade-off occurs through transition of ecosystem function in spatial scale and temporal scale. In spatial scale, land-use variation and resource-use variation contribute to change an ecosystem function for different ES category by spatial planning and management. In temporal scale, a change of an ecosystem function for different ES category is influenced by ecological succession, seasonal change and land cover variation, which are parameter from environmental features. This study presented that spatial planning and management should ecosystem service assessment in order to enhance balanced ecosystem services.

A Spatial Planning Model for Supporting Facilities Allocation and Visual Evaluation in Improvement of Rural Villages (농촌마을개발의 시설배치 및 시각적 평가 지원을 위 한 공간계획 모형)

  • 김대식;정하우
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.71-82
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a 3 dimensional spatial planning model (3DSPLAM) for facilities allocation and visual evaluation in improvement planning of rural village. For the model development, this study developed both planning layers and a modelling process for spatial planning of rural villages. The 3DSPLAM generates road networks and village facilities location automatically from built area plan map and digital elevation model generated by geographic information system. The model also simulates 3-dimensional villagescape for visual presentation of the planned results. The 3DSPLAM could be conveniently used for automatic allocation of roads, easy partition of land lots and reasonable locating of facilities. The planned results could be also presented in the stereoscopic models with varied viewing positions and angles.

A Study on U-Service for Security in U-City Newtown Planning (신도시계획의 계획지표를 반영한 U-City의 U-방범서비스 개선방안 연구)

  • Yoon, Hyo Jin
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.29 no.5D
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    • pp.645-654
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    • 2009
  • This study started with necessity of historical spatial planning skills in U-city planning. Though U-city technology and information are very important, U-city development should be considered on the base of various experience of spatial planning. This study explored spatial planning indexes change in the recent newtown plans. In particular, safety and security were intensively analyzed. In addition, many theories on safe urban space, ubiquitous technology, traditional defensible space, and CPTED (Crime Prevention through Environmental Design) are compared. The findings are as follows. First, each planning is not integrated and there is lack of network among each planning. Specifically, from the crime prevention perspective, there is only mechanical monitoring such as CCTV without architectural approach. Even though CCTV is social needs, it is necessary to adopt it with architectural environment in order to improve the synergy effect of spatial planning and non-spatial planning.

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Case Study of Spatial Planning for the Efficient Use of Small Dwelling Space (소규모 주거공간의 효율적 활용을 위한 공간계획 사례연구)

  • Park, Si-Yoon;Kim, Jeong-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2014
  • In the domestic housing market, uncompleted lot-solid apartments and unoccupied residences are increasing in the medium-large scale area whose rents and transactions have been unstable, as going through the financial crisis and economical recession. Demands for small-scale housings are steadily increasing by practical consumer group who don't need large places, which are often not needed for the current people who are spending most of their time outside of their houses. Therefore, this study proposes the useful methods for spatial planning for small-scale houses for multiple households, including variable form, levels form, multi-level form, and smart-sizing. For efficient spatial planning for that purpose, here, small-scale housings are not limited to places for families with 1-2 members, but considered as one of broader approaches to graft various households and families. In addition, we examined the existed trends of researches about spatial utility of small-scale places, and did the research about the status of small-scale housing developments, and then proposed the direction for future small-scale housings by analyzing the advanced examples.

A Study on Analysis of Remodeling Target Institution for Larchiveum Spatial Planning (라키비움 공간기획을 위한 리모델링 대상 기관의 현황 분석 연구)

  • Choi, Youngsil
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.143-167
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    • 2013
  • There are increasing needs for complex information services for user of cultural heritage institution recently. And the concept of "Larchiveum", merging of functions of libraries, archives and museums, is suggested in United States and researches associated with this concept are progressed on Korean information science. At present, however, the larchiveum has not been materialized, and hence researches focus on theoretical frameworks. Therefore, this study establishes plans for an analysis with planning of institutions that libraries, archives and museums are remodeled into larchiveum. Methodologically, the research processes of existing larchiveum spatial planning are specified. More realistic implementing measures for larchiveum spatial planning are suggested through utilization of related law & guidelines as analysis tools.

Linking and Utilizing Urban, Environmental, Disaster Prevention Spatial Data for a Climate Change Adaptation Spatial Planning (기후변화 적응 공간계획을 위한 도시, 환경, 방재 간 공간정보 연계·활용방안)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.85-112
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    • 2015
  • This paper aims to propose a policy for linking and utilizing spatial data for resilient spatial planning against disaster due to climate change by analyzing the current status of spatial data in the fields of urban planning, environmental planning and disaster prevention. To do so, spatial planning guidelines and the current status of utilizing spatial data in each field were identified by conducting a literature review and phone/face-to-face interviews with professionals and representatives of relevant institutions. As a result, the lists of spatial data were drawn up which can be utilized or linked with each other for developing an official spatial plan at a local government level. On the basis of these results, policy plans were proposed to link and utilize spatial data among urban planning, environmental planning and disaster prevention fields for climate change adaptation spatial planning.

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Identification of Visitation Density and Critical Management Area Regarding Marine Spatial Planning: Applying Social Big Data (해양공간계획 수립을 위한 방문밀집도 및 중점관리지역 규명: 소셜 빅데이터를 활용하여)

  • Kim, Yoonjung;Kim, Choongki;Kim, Gangsun
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.122-131
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    • 2020
  • Marine Spatial Planning is an emerging strategy that promoting sustainable development at coastal and marine areas based on the concept of ecosystem services. Regarding its methodology, usage rate of resources and its impact should be considered in the process of spatial planning. Particularly, considering the rapid increase of coastal tourism, visitation pattern is required to be identified across coastal areas. However, actions to quantify visitation pattern have been limited due to its required high cost and labor for conducting extensive field-study. In this regard, this study aimed to pose the usage of social big data in Marine Spatial Planning to identify spatial visitation density and critical management zone throughout coastal areas. We suggested the usage of GPS information from Flickr and Twitter, and evaluated the critical management zone by applying spatial statistics and density analysis. This study's results clearly showed the coastal areas having relatively high visitors in the southern sea of South Korea. Applied Flickr and Twitter information showed high correlation with field data, when proxy excluding over-estimation was applied and appropriate grid-scale was identified in assessment approach. Overall, this study offers insights to use social big data in Marine Spatial Planning for reflecting size and usage rate of coastal tourism, which can be used to designate conservation area and critical zones forintensive management to promote constant supply of cultural services.