• Title/Summary/Keyword: sodium stearoyl lactylate(SSL)

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Effect of Additives in Making Frozen Rice Dough on the Quality of Rice Bread (쌀가루 냉동반죽 제조 시 첨가제가 쌀빵의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung-Eun;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1438-1443
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    • 2009
  • The effects of adding additives such as gum, emulsifier, and enzyme both individually and as mixtures to frozen rice bread dough on baking quality were examined. Rice flours containing 17% vital gluten, and gum/emulsifier/enzyme blends were mixed and stored in a freezer at $-20^{\circ}C$ for 4 weeks. The rice doughs were removed from the freezer, thawed, and then followed the rice baking procedure. The dough freezing and frozen storage resulted in decreased volume of rice bread. The addition of guar gum/sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL)/fungal $\alpha$-amylase blend improved volume of the rice bread obtained from rice dough during frozen storage. An increase in firmness of crumb was observed in rice breads during 3 days of storage at $25^{\circ}C$. Compared to the control dough without additives, addition of guar gum/ SSL blend or guar gum/ SSL/ fungal $\alpha$-amylase blend into frozen dough significantly reduced the crumb firmness of rice bread, indicating a significant antistaling effect.

Effect of Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate on Complex Formation with Amylopectin and on Gelatinization and Retrogradation of Wheat Starch (Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate가 아밀로펙틴과의 결합물 형성 및 밀전분의 호화와 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Jae-Kweon;Lee, Yun-Hyung;Lee, Seok-Hoon;Pyun, Yu-Ryang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.500-506
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    • 2000
  • The effects of sodium stearoyl lactylate(SSL) on the thermal properties of wheat starch and amylopectin, and the crystallinity properties of amylopectin were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry(DSC) and X-ray diffractometer. On the rescan(second heating), amylopectin produced the featureless thermogram shown at the second heating, and SSL alone melted at $40{\sim}55^{\circ}C$, while the mixture of amylopectin containing 8% water and SSL(10:1), presenting the evidence of AP-SSL complex, showed differentiate melting temperature(other crystallinity) from SSL alone. Also, the melting enthalpy of AP and SSL mixture by subsequent heating and cooling were continuously increased. Further, the mixtures of wheat starch: SSL (5:1, w/w) and amylopectin: SSL(5:1, w/w), indicated AP-SSL complex, showed the reversible melting peak at temperature range of $60{\sim}70^{\circ}C$ together with melting peak of SSL observed at temperature range of $40{\sim}55^{\circ}C$. AP-SSL complex in the X-ray diffraction, compared V-form of amylose-lipid complex, exhibited characteristic peaks($2{\theta}$, 5.57, 20.903, 23.227). The gelatinization enthalpy value of wheat starch in the presence of SSL, observed at temperature range of $50{\sim}70^{\circ}C$, was decreased at total water content 60%, whearas had no significant effect at total water content 40, 50%, and also, SSL increased melting enthalpy of amylose-lipid complex. The extent of AP and wheat starch retrogradation wasreduced significantly by SSL.

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Effects of Enzymes and Emulsifiers on the Loaf Volume and Crumb Hardness of Rice Breads (효소제 및 유화제의 첨가가 쌀빵의 부피와 경도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Myung-Hee;Chang, Hak-Gil;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.761-766
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    • 2008
  • The effects of various enzymes and emulsifiers on the loaf volume and crumb hardness of rice breads were studied. Four different enzymes [fungal ${\alpha}$-amylase (AMYL), maltogenic bacterial ${\alpha}$-amylase (NMYL), glucose oxidases (GO), and xylanase+hemicellulases (PTP)] and four emulsifiers [sorbitan monostearate (SMS), glycerol monostearate (GMS), sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL), and glycerol ester+propylene glycol ester+sucrose ester+sorbitan ester (SP)] were supplemented to rice dough. The addition of AMYL, GO, and GO+AMYL increased loaf volume of rice breads. The highest loaf volume was observed in rice bread supplemented with AMYL. Rice breads supplemented with enzymes firmed at lower rates during storage, and AMYL, NMYL, and GO considerably decreased crumb hardness of rice breads, exhibiting a significant antistaling effect. The addition of emulsifiers produced rice breads with better specific loaf volume and crumb texture, and continuously retarded crumb hardness of rice breads during storage. Especially, rice bread supplemented with SSL demonstrated the highest loaf volume and the lowest crumb hardness during storage.

Effects of Emulsifiers on Physical Properties of Rice Cookies (유화제의 첨가가 쌀 쿠키의 물성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Joon-Kyoung;Jeong, Jie Hye;Lim, Jae Kag
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.11
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    • pp.1565-1570
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    • 2012
  • The effects of emulsifiers as additives on the physical properties of rice cookies were investigated in this study. The amounts of emulsifiers added were 3, 6, and 9% based on 100 g of rice flour. Peak viscosity of rice flour added with diacetyl tartaric ester of monoglyceride (DATEM) showed smaller decreases compared to addition of sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL) or sucrose ester (SE). Hardness of dough as measured by TA increased upon addition of SSL, SE, and DATEM, whereas hardness of cookies increased upon addition of SSL and SE. In contrast, addition of DATEM did not increase hardness of cookies. Density of dough and cookies increased upon addition of SSL and SE, whereas density decreased upon addition of DATEM and spreadability showed the lowest values. From these results, it was confirmed that use of emulsifiers in cookies can control cookie texture. Compared to SSL and SE, DATEM increases hardness of dough and decreases densities of dough and cookies, making it effective in softening the texture of rice cookies.

Development of Buckwheat Bread: 3. Effects of the Thermal Process of Dough making on Baking Properties

  • Kim, Chang-Soon;Lee, Seung-A;Kim, Hyuk-Il
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.6-13
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    • 1999
  • The quality of the buckwheat bread made with previously heated ($55^{\circ}C$) and cooled buckwheat flour 0dough with the addition of ascorbic acid(AA) or/and sodium stearoyl lactylate(SSL) was evaluated . With heat treatemtn , handling property of dough and grain of the bread crumb were markedly improved and stickiness of the dough decreased . The optimum resting time to produce the best loaf volume and grain was found to be 3hr for both unheated and heated doughs. Heat treated dough showed higher dough expansion rate during fermentation than unheated dough, even though heated dough had lower loaf volume, probably because of an improper oven spring. Increase in shortening of dough formula from 3% to 5% improved loaf volume without improvement of handling property. With the addition of 100 ppm AA or/and 0.5% SSL, loaf volume and crumb grain were improved for both unheated and heated doughs.Microscopic analysis of a mixed dough by scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed that heated dough had a continuous network whereas unheated dough was discontinuous. The addition of AA and SSL gave the dough a more continuous network whereas unheated dough was discontinuous . The addition of AA and SSL gave the dough a more continuous structure with strengthened strands or interactions between the starch granule and protein. Therefore, it appears that the presence of continuity in heated buckwheat breadwheat bread dough is related to the improved loaf volume and crumb grain without dough stickness.

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Combined Effects of Vital Gluten, Gum, Emulsifier, and Enzyme on the Properties of Rice Bread (활성글루텐, 검, 유화제 및 효소제의 복합첨가에 따른 쌀빵의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Kyung-Eun;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.320-325
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    • 2009
  • The effects of adding additives such as vital gluten, gum, emulsifier, and enzyme to rice flour on baking quality were examined. The effects of different gums on the pasting and dough properties of rice flour containing vital gluten were studied using a Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA) and a Brabender farinograph. The RVA peak, breakdown, and final viscosities decreased with the addition of gums, while setback viscosity increased. The farinogram showed that rice flour supplemented with gums such as tara gum, guar gum, and locust bean gum (LBG) increased water absorption and dough stability, yielding strengthened dough similar to wheat flour dough. The addition of guar or tara gum/sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL)/fungal $\alpha$-amylase (AMYL) or glucose oxidase (GO) blend improved the volume and reduced the crumb firmness of rice bread prepared from rice flour containing 14% vital gluten. Therefore, the combined addition of gum, emulsifier and enzyme into rice flour significantly improved the rice bread quality, allowing the decrease of the vital gluten level in rice bread formula.

Studies on the Preparation and Utilization of Filefish Protein Concentrate (FPC) -IV. The Production and Characteristics of Bread using FPC-Wheat Composite Flour- (말쥐치 농축단백질(濃縮蛋白質)의 제조(製造) 및 이용(利用)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -제 4 보 : 말쥐취 농축단백질(濃縮蛋白質)-밀가루 복합분(複合粉)을 이용(利用)한 제빵시험(試驗)-)

  • Yang, Han-Chul;Lim, Wang-Jin;Paik, Soon-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.269-276
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    • 1983
  • Experiments were performed to study the rheological and baking properties of bread fortified with various amounts of filefish protein concentrate (FPC). Doughs were prepared from mixtures containing wheat flour and 5,10,15 and 20% of FPC. Standard methods were used to evaluate the rheology of doughs and characteristics of bread. The results were as follows. 1. The water absorption of the fortified doughs increased as FPC increased. FPC caused an increase in development time and stability as measured by Farinograph. 2. In the extensigraph test, FPC yielded a decrease in extensibility and an increase in resistance to extension. 3. Baking tests demonstrated that addition of FPC decreased the volume of loaf and made the crumb darker and coarser. 4. Additional tests were made to examine effect of sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL) added at 0.25, 0.50, 1.00 and 2.00% on doughs containing 10% headed & gutted FPC. The most appropriate amount of SSL as an additive was 0.5%. 5. In the farinograph, adding 0.5% SSL could delay dough development time and greatly increase stability. 6. When 0.5% SSL was added on doughs containing 5,10,15 and 20% headed & gutted FPC, baking quality was greatly improved. The breads containing up to 10% were acceptable by the addition of SSL, but not in higher level of FPC. 7. The results of sensory evaluations of bread showed that the color, texture and taste of bread containing 5% whole FPC and 5, 10% headed & gutted FPC were reasonably gacceptable.

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