• Title, Summary, Keyword: site suitability evaluation

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Korean Groal Potential Habitat Suitability Model at Soraksan National Park Using Fuzzy Set and Multi-Criteria Evaluation (설악산국립공원내 산양(Nemorhaedus Caudatus Raddeanus)의 잠재 서식지 적합성 모형; 다기준평가기법(MCE)과 퍼지집합(Fuzzy Set)의 도입을 통하여)

  • Choi Tae-Young;Park Chong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.28-38
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    • 2004
  • Korean goral (Nemorhaedus caudatus raddeanus) is one of the endangered species in Korea, and the rugged terrain of the Soraksan National Park (373㎢) is a critical habitat for the species. But the goral population is threatened by habitat fragmentation caused by roads and hiking trails. The objective of this study was to develop a potential habitat suitability model for Korean goral in the park, and the model was based on the concepts of fuzzy set theory and multi-criteria evaluation. The process of the suitability modeling could be divided into three steps. First, data for the modeling was collected by using field work and a literature survey. Collected data included 204 points of GPS data obtained through a goral trace survey and through the number of daily visitors to each hiking trail during the peak season of the park. Second, fuzzy set theory was employed for building a GIS data base related to environmental factors affecting the suitability of the goral habitat. Finally, a multiple-criteria evaluation was performed as the final step towards a goral habitat suitability model. The results of the study were as follows. First, characteristics of suitable habitats were the proximity to rock cliffs, scattered pine (Pinus densiflora) patches, ridges, the elevation of 700∼800m, and the aspect of south and southeast. Second, the habitat suitability model had a high classification accuracy of 93.9% for the analysis site, and 95.7% for the validation site at a cut off value of 0.5. Finally, 11.7% of habitatwith more than 0.5 of habitat suitability index was affected by roads and hiking trails in the park.

Site suitability for conifer plantation and a new challenge to utilize deciduous trees

  • NAGASHIMA, Keiko
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.24-24
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    • 2018
  • Degraded plantation forests are increasing because of unfavorable forestry conditions prevailing in Japan, including falling timber prices, increasing operational costs, and aging and declining forestry workforce. To remedy this situation, appropriate management strategy is required. This study introduces the challenges of Odai Town, Mie Prefecture that employed a new management strategy by evaluating site suitability for conifer forests and that proposes a new forest management regime of planting deciduous trees in unsuitable sites. The site suitability for conifer forests was evaluated from two aspects: the natural site conditions and the relationship among site conditions, growth, and damage by Anaglyptus subfasciatus Pic. in Cryptomeria japonica D. Don and Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. Et Zucc. forests. By analyzing the relationship among site conditions, growth, and insect damage based on field data obtained in plantation forests, growth evaluation and insect damage evaluation maps were developed. Based on the natural forest investigation, natural site condition maps for C. japonica and C. obtusa were established. Furthermore, by integrating these evaluation maps with the forest road maps showing the accessibility to the forest, the forest management regime for the whole plantation area of Odai Town was established. The forest management regime map indicates the sites suitable for forestry: suitable for long-rotation, short-rotation, and potential sites for short-rotation. The sites unsuitable for forestry were considered to be more suitable for broadleaved forests. Clear-cutting was conducted in a small area and different seral stage saplings (approximately 20 deciduous tree species) suitable to the site conditions were planted in an area of $80-120m^2$ protected by deer-fences. This might establish a forest composed of many species with a multilayer vertical forest structure in a short period. The planted saplings were distributed neither randomly nor uniformly to reflect the natural distribution of trees in the forest. A challenge to develop new products using the deciduous trees has started, such as wood chips for preparing smoked food, essential oil, and deodorizer. As these challenges have just begun, their effects on enhancing sustainable resource management are still being monitored. Even with the challenges, this regime can be of high value as a management strategy to remedy the situation of expansion of degraded forests in Japan.

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A Study on the Development of an Ecological Park Planning Model to Enhance the Functions of Habitats and Ecological Corridors in Green Belt Areas (개발제한구역 내 생태공원 조성방안에 관한 연구 - 서식처 및 생태통로로서의 기능강화를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dae-Heui;Choi, Hee-Sun;Kim, Hyun-Ae;Kim, Kwi-Gon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.367-379
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to develop an ecological park planning model to enhance the functions of habitats and ecological corridors in Green Belt Areas, because changing policies have resulted in the degredation of the Green Belts due to progressive fragmentation of ecosystems. The principal outcome of the study is to plan an ecological park model through the restoration of habitats. In order to evaluate the capacity of the model to enhance the ecological functions of habitats and ecological corridors in Green Belt Areas, a simulation of habitats was carried out in the Sungnam-Yusoo region. The model was developed via following steps: 1. Selection of candidate sites and selection of the study site by analyzing development factors; 2. Selection of target species that can represent the habitat at the site; 3. Analysis of the site's suitability index for the target species; 4. Establishment of a conceptual plan to enhance and expand the currently produced suitability index; 5. Creation of a master plan based on the conceptual plan; and 6. Evaluation of the enhanced and expanded suitability index of the site. The study showed that the Habitat Unit (HU) of Rana coreana, which was selected as the target species of the study, increased from $28,044m^2$(3.6%) to $224,352m^2$(28.8%), and the HU of the site as the ecological corridor for wild animals increased from $4,674m^2$(0.6%) to $152,684m^2$(19.6%). The study results show that the ecological deficits of the Green Belt Area can be overcome by enhancing the ecological functions of the region, which should be beneficial. The model could be utilized for effective enhancement and management of other Green Belt Areas.

Determination of the Suitability Evaluation Indices of a Riverside-Reservoir Space Planning (천변저류지 공간계획의 적합성 평가지표 선정)

  • Jang, Dong-Su;Baek, Mi-Na
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2009
  • The goal of this paper is to determine the suitability evaluation indices of a riverside reservoir space planning by classifying major indicators and calculating AHP(Analytical Hierarchy Process) based weights of them. The major indicators were set up based on literature review and questionnaire survey to experts. Four indicator categories were developed: location, environment, resource availability and economical efficiency. And they were divided into 12 sub-categories for calculating AHP-based weights. First, as for the major indicator categories, the calculation shows that the weighted index of environment is the most important at 0.458, followed by location at 0.128, economical efficiency at 0.170 and resource availability at 0.154. This suggests that environment is getting more public attention and the reservoir is regarded as a facility that is connected to a river. Those weight values were considered in calculating final weights for each of 12 sub-categories. Among them water quality and ecological environment take top ranks at 0.190 and 0.186, respectively. The lower ranks include access 0.112, resource availability of site 0.082, tourism resource 0.078, users 0.076, available land 0.052, area of site 0.031, shape of site and deterioration level 0.030 and percentage of private land 0.030 - which represents general considerations in other space planning. The difference of the top rank (water quality, 0.190) and the last one (percentage of private land, 0.027) is 0.163. The above result shows that users regard environmental aspect and resource availability more important than easiness of construction.

An Empirical Research on Location Suitability Evaluation System for Public Rental Logistics Space (공공형 임대물류공간 입지적정성 평가체계에 관한 실증 연구)

  • Ahn, Jaeseong;Lee, Seungji;Kim, Taegyun;Lee, Hyeonjoo
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2020
  • In recent years, market access is expected to become more important in logistics location selection. In addition, it is necessary to support logistics functions for small and medium-sized enterprises. In this study, we propose a location suitability evaluation system for public rental logistics spaces. The location selection and evaluation system of the public rental logistics space proposed in this study is composed of large (5), medium (10), and small (20) indicators. The 1st class were five factors: market factors, economic factors, transportation factors, site factors, policy and social factors, and the 2nd classifications per the 1st class, and the 3rd class for each 2nd class. After deriving the relative importance of each indicator through AHP for experts, it was verified by utilizing GIS analysis for virtual candidates in the metropolitan area. As a result of the trial application, it was evaluated that it could be applied with realistic results. In addition, it was confirmed that it is possible to apply evaluation indicators using spatial data constructed in Korea, and to use the evaluation indicators, it is necessary to perform various spatial analysis and processing tasks on raw data.

Nuclear Power Plant Site Evaluation Using Site Population-Meteorology Factor (인구ㆍ기상인자에 의한 원자력 발전소 부지 평가)

  • Byung Hwan Rho;Chang Sun Kang
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.17-21
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    • 1982
  • In this paper, as a site evaluation technique, SPMF(Site Population-Meteorology Factor) which is modified from SPF(Site Population Factor) of tile USNRC model, is defined from site population and meteorology data in order to consider the radiological impacts to the population at large from the atmospheric dispersion of the radioactive effluents released during routine plant operation as well as accidental conditions. The SPMF model proved its propriety from the comparison of SPMF and SPF for Kori site. The relative suitability of Korean sites to the U.S. sites have been also examined using SPF.

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Climatic Suitability Mapping of Whole-Crop Rye Cultivation in the Republic of Korea

  • Peng, Jing Lun;Kim, Kyung Dae;Jo, Mu Hwan;Kim, Moon Ju;Lee, Bae Hun;Kim, Ji Yung;Chemere, Befekadu;Kim, Si Chul;Kim, Byong Wan;Sung, Kyung Il
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.337-342
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to perform the suitability analysis of whole-crop rye (Secale cereale L.) based on the climatic information in the Republic of Korea to present useful information for producers and policy makers to determine the site-selection for the cultivation of the whole-crop rye. The criteria to analyze the climatic suitability of whole-crop rye was developed firstly. Then, the climatic suitability map for spatial analysis was developed through weighted overlaying the raster layers of climatic items in the evaluation criteria. Meanwhile, 16 geographically representative weather stations were selected to show examples of the calculation process of the climatic suitability score of a specific cultivation area. The results of the climatic suitability mapping indicated that the climatic conditions in most arable lands of the Republic of Korea such as the coastal, southern, western areas in the southern region of the Korean Peninsula and central areas in Jeju Island are suitable for the cultivation of whole-crop rye. The climatic suitability scores of the 16 weather stations were all in line with the results of the climatic suitability map.

Insulation Performance Evaluation of Apartment Housing Using Infra-red Camera (적외선 열화상을 이용한 공동주택 단열성능 평가 - TDR(온도상대비)을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Bo-Hye;Choi, Gyoung-Seok;Kang, Jae-Sik;Lee, Seung-Eon
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • pp.718-723
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to present an in-site evaluation method for building insulation performance using Infra-red camera. The research contents of this study are to evaluate validity and suitability of building insulation defect survey using Infra-red camera for apartment housing with temperature & heat flow pattern analyze method. By establishing the in-site evaluation method building insulation performance using infra-red camera, it is expected that 1) building envelope repair market will be activated by using developed method in ESCO and remodeling companies, 2) the method developed in this research will contribute to reduce national energy consumption by promoting old building insulation remodeling.

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Classification of Landscape Type on Land and Evaluation of Site-suitability Based on It (토지의 경관유형분류와 이에 기초한 입지타당성 평가)

  • Ra, Jung-Hwa;Ku, Ji-Na;Lee, Hyun-Taek;Cho, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.57-75
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to find ways of evaluating the suitability of sites being considered for development of different types of parks in the vicinity of yangmock-myun kyoung buk, where a large project(as large as about14.0$km^2$) has been planned. The results are as follows. Three surveys for selecting the assessment indicators were performed. ${\cdot}$ The first survey analyzed the importance of 23 selected assessment indicators based on a review of existing literature review and an on-the-spot research. ${\cdot}$ The second survey selected assessment indicators for each park type. ${\cdot}$ The third survey computed additive values of selected assessment indicators by the park types. It used a method of standardizing the average importance of indicators by making their sum equal to 10. These additive values were then multiplied by each grade of indicators to make a final evaluation. An evaluation of the site-suitability of park types was performed twice. The purpose of the first evaluation was to figure out how much each type met the minimum requirements targeted for all landscape types. The minimum requirements were derived by using a relative comparison between the standard of value rating of the assessment indicators, which was over the medium magnitude on the importance analysis, and the result of field research. A second evaluation estimated the targeted sites that met the minimum requirements. Value ratings of second assessment indicators were quantitatively divided as 1 to 3 grade and the evaluation scores were added, giving an additive value for each assessment indicator. The evaluation score on each park type was rated on a scale of 1 to 3 according to their averages, (from lowest to highest). Since this evaluation model of the site suitability on park types only focused on the 'face' of space in this study, additional analysis is necessary for setting the evaluation model and incorporating the overall impact of space, network connection and other factors, considering 'spot', 'line' and 'face' aspects of space.