• Title, Summary, Keyword: silk fabrics

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A Study on Natural Dyeing (3) - Change of physical structure and Chinese gallotannin treatment on silk fabric - (천연염색에 관한 연구 (3) -견에 대한 Chinese gallotannin 처리 및 구조변화-)

  • 김혜인;엄성일;박수민
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2001
  • As the basic study to investigate the mechanism of improvement in the dyeing fastness of natural dyes on silk fabrics the optical behavior of tannin solution, the optimal condition of tannin treatment and the changes of the physical structure of silk fabrics were studied in the treatment of tannin. Results obtained were as follows ; 1 The K/S values of tannin-treated silk fabrics were not changed by tannin content on silk fabrics but yellowing of tannin in treatment condition. 2. As the concentration of tannin was increased in its treating condition, the tannin content and K/S vague of tannin-treated silk fabrics were increased. 3. Because tannin gave rise to yellowing by hydrolysis and oxidation at high temperature, the higher tannin-treating temperature was, the lower the tannin content and K/S values of silk fabrics 4. The tannin content of silk fabric was higher in acidic treating condition and the highest K/S value was showed at pH 5. 5. As the tannin content of silk fabric was increased, the value of $\xi$ -potential of it became negative. 6. As the tannin content of silk fabric was increased, the crystallinity and crystallite size of it were decreased. This meant that the fraction of amorphous region in the fibers increased. And the degree of orientation of it was decreased with the tannin treatment.

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Preparation of Silk Nonwoven Fabrics by Needle Punching, Thermal Bonding and its properties. (니들펀칭법, 열융착법에 의한 실크 부직포의 제조 및 특성)

  • 이기훈;강경돈;정병희;주창환;남중희
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.205-210
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    • 1999
  • Silk nonwoven fabrics are prepared by needle punching and thermal bonding with silk waste. To enhance the carding efficiency, the degumming rate was controlled with sodium hydrogen sulfite solution. The amount of the remained sericin was 3%(S-3), and 6%(S-6). Mixing wool and LMP(Low melting polyester) with the silk, to improve carding efficiency, was also effective. Following items were tested with prepared silk nonwovon fabrics : weight, thickness, compression, tensile strength, heat insulation, water absorption, and deodorization. The results show that the silk nonwoven fabrics could be used for apparels and new biomaterials.

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A Study on Tannin Treatment of silk fabrics(II) - The effect of mordants - (견의 탄닌처리에 관한 연구(II) - 매염제의 영향을 중심으로 -)

  • 설정화;최석철
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1994
  • In order to study the effect of mordanting on silk fabrics treated with tannin, those fabrics were treated with Al, Cu, Cr, Fe, Sn by pre and post mordanting. It was studied about color change, weighting effect, dgree of photodegradation by pre and post mordanting. The results are as fallows ; 1. On the addition of mordants into mimosa and tannic acid solution, &{\lambda}_{max}& of the former was slightly blue-shifted, on the other hand, &{\lambda}_{max}& of the latter was obviously Red-shifted. 2. In case of Cu, Cr, Pre mordanting, weighting effect were appeared. Weighting effect of silk fabrics treated with Tannic acid increased higher than mimosa by mordanting. 3. In color change, Silk fabrics treated with Mimosa and Tannic acid generally changed to red direction and fabrics treated with tannic acid changed to yellow direction by pre and post mordanting. 4. In the photodegradation, the degree of photodegradation on mordanted fabrics increased. Its degree was slack in Cu, Cr, Post mordanting. On the other hand, Al, Fe, Sn were greate. Silk fabrics treated with Mimosa and Tannic acid got inhibiting effect on photodegradation.

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Weaving and Bleaching of Ramie/Silk Mixture Fabrics (모시/실크 교직물의 제작과 표백)

  • 김영대;권해용;이용우;우순옥
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.222-227
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    • 1999
  • The weavability and bleaching of ramie/silk mixture fabrics were examined. When silk fiber was used as warp or weft in the mixture fabrics, the weaving properties became higher than that of ramile fabrics. Especially, the highest weavabiliy of mixture fabrics was obtained when used as warp silk fiber. The whiteness of ramie and tussah fiber treated with hydrogen peroxide, bleaching agent. was increased up to about 80% without significant changes of tenacity and elongation. As the increase of bleaching agent and treatment time, the whiteness of mixture fabrics was increased and the yellowness was decreased. Also, as the whiteness of mixture fabrics increased, the drape stiffness in warp direction was decreased but crease recovery was increased.

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Dyeability and Functionality of Silk Fabrics Dyed with Buckwheat Extracts (메밀 추출물에 의한 견직물의 염색성 및 기능성)

  • Kim, Sangyool
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.106-117
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    • 2018
  • The present study was conducted to investigate dyeing properties and functionality of silk fabrics dyed with extracts from buckwheat skin. Comparative results of color strength(K/S) values of dyed silk fabrics were studied to quantify the effects of dye concentrations, dyeing temperatures, dyeing time and the pH; the effect of mordants; and color changes. And also evaluated the fastness, antimicrobial property, ultraviolet protection properties of the dyed and mordanted silk fabrics. The color strength(K/S) values of silk generally increased depending on the increasing dye concentration, dyeing temperature, and dyeing time. And the highest color strength values were obtained at a dye concentration of 100%(v/v), a dyeing temperature of $90^{\circ}C$, a dyeing of time 80 minutes, and a dyebath of pH 2. The color fastness to light of dyed and mordanted silk fabrics were found to be good, and the drycleaning and rubbing fastness were excellent. The fade of washing fastness was not good, however, the stain of washing fastness and perspiration fastness showed relatively good grade. The Al, Cu, Fe mordanted silk fabrics(except Fe for Klebsiella pneumoniae) showed 99.9% reduction rate. The ultraviolet protection properties of the mordanted fabrics were generally improved. Moreover, the Cu and Fe mordnared fabrics showed very exceptional ultraviolet protection factors.

A Study on the Tannin Treatment of Silk Fabrics(IV) -Change of Properties in Tannin Treated Fabrics- (견의 탄닌처리에 관한 연구(IV) -탄닌처리포의 물성변화-)

  • 설정화;최석철
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 1999
  • This study was made to investigate the effects of mimosa tannin and tannic acid on change of properties and photodegradation of silk fabrics according to tannin concentration and irradiation time. The results were as follows. 1. As concentration of tannin increased, thickness, fabric count and stiffness showed no difference. But tensile strength were increased, and elongation were decreased. 2. When concentration of tannin is high, tannin adhered to surface of fabrics. 3. fR absorption bands of untreated silk fabric appeared at $3400cm^{-1},\; 1640cm^{-1},\;1445cm^{-1},\;1235cm^{-1},\;and\;675cm^{-1}$, but those of silk fabric treated with tannic acid appeared at $1710cm^{-1}\;and\;3400cm^{-1}$ by treatment of mimosa tannin, respectively. IR absorption bands of photoirradiated silk fabrics appeared at $3400cm^{-1},\;3280cm^{-1},\;2960cm^{-1},\;2920cm^{-1},\; 1720cm^{ -1},\;1380cm^{-1},\;1280cm^{-1},\;1120cm^{-1},\;and\;1070cm^{-1}$. But those bands were decreased at the silk fabrics treated with mimosa tannin and tannic acid.

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Dyeing of Silk Fabrics by Cochineal Extracts (코치닐 추출물에 의한 견섬유 염색)

  • 한명희
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2000
  • Silk fabrics were dyed by Cochineal extracts after mordanted with various mordants and their properties of dyeing, fastness and change of surface color were investigated. Silk fabrics were mordanted with aluminum potassium sulfate, copper acetate, tin chloride, iron sulfate or chromium potassium sulfate at $60^\circ{C}$ for 30 minutes and subsequently dyed at $60^\circ{C}$ for 60 minutes unless mentioned otherwise. The dye-uptake of silk fabrics increased with the concentration of Cochineal extracts and mordants used. Maximum dye-uptake was obtained at pH 3.5-4, regardless of the type of mordants used. Surface color of silk fabrics changed from red purple to purple when mordanted with Al or Cu mordant, from purple to purple blue with Fe mordant and showed red purple with Sn or Cr mordant, respectively. It also changed according to pH of dyeing bath. Dyed silk fabrics showed poor light fastness but good dry-cleaning, perspiration and rubbing fastness.

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The Dyeability and Antibacterial Activity of Silk, Rayon Fabrics dyed with Cochineal (코치닐에 의한 견.레이온 섬유의 천연염색성과 항균성)

  • Bae, Jung-Sook;Kim, Youn-Kyoung;Huh, Man-Woo
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the dyeability, antibacterial activity on silk and rayon fabrics dyed with cochineal. The result are as follows; 1. The K/S value of silk fabric was higher than that of rayon fabric. 2. The optimum conditions are mordant concentration $0.5{\sim}1%$, dyeing material concentration 2.0%(o.w.f), dyeing temperature $60^{\circ}C$, PH 3 and dyeing time 30minutes. 3. Pre-mordanting method had higher dyeing absorption than post mordanting method in case of silk and rayon fabrics. 4. The antibacterial activity of dyed silk fabrics were higher than that of dyed rayon fabrics and the antibacterial activity was increased by mordanting. 5. The lightfastness and perspiration fastness of silk fabric were improved but these of rayon were not. Dyeing fastness was improved by Fe mordanting on both fabrics.

Effect of Opuntia Ficus-indicts variety Saboten Makino and Satsuma Mandarin Dyeing on Physical Characteristics and Colors of Protein Fabrics (선인전 및 감귤염색에 의한 단백질 직물의 물성 및 색상에 관한 연구)

  • 박순자;박덕자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.26 no.3_4
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    • pp.473-484
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    • 2002
  • The physical characteristics of silk and wool fabrics dyed with OFS-FR and SM-FR were examined and color difference and colorfastness of these fabrics were analyzed. The results are as follows; 1. The thickness, density and weight of both dyed fabrics were increased than those of undyed fabrics independently of dyeing materials and mordants. 2. Air permeability of all the silk samples increased than that of undyed silk, on the other hand, air permeability of most of wool samples decreased than that of undyed wool. 3. Thermal insulation values of silk samples were not consistent with dyeing conditions, but those of wool samples increased than those of undyed fabrics regardless of dyeing materials and mordants. 4. Color difference was clear between OFS-FR and SM-FR dyed fabrics. The colors dyed with OFS-FR-Al and OFS-FR-chitos an showed violet, those dyed with SM-FR displayed yellowish, in addition to in case of wool, dyed with OFS-FR-Cu the color was greenish yellow, in case of silk dyed with SM-FR-Cu that was yellowish red. 5. Sense of silk fabrics by sensory-test was soft and smooth. Feeling of colors in silk fabrics was wick, warm and slightly brilliant. In case wool, sense of dyed fabrics was slightly soft and slightly rough. Feeling of colors in wool fabrics was warm but not elegant. Therefore the result of sensory-test in silk might be better than that of in wool. 6. Colorfastness to dry cleaning and perspirations was good, but that to washing and sunlight was not fine.

Dyeing Properties and Ultraviolet-cut Ability of Silk and Nylon Fabrics Dyed with Rhus verniciflua Extracts (옻나무 추출액에 의한 견직물, 나일론 직물의 염색성과 자외선 차단성)

  • Choi, In-Ryu
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.158-165
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dyeing property and ultraviolet-cut ability on silk 100% and nylon 100% fabrics dyed with Rhus verniciflua extracts. This study was investigated K/S values, surface color, washing fastness, dry cleaning fastness and ultraviolet-cut ability of the silk and nylon fabrics dyed with Rhus verniciflua extracts under the various dyeing conditions. As mordanting were used Tin(II) Chloride dihydrate $(SnCl_2{\cdot}2H_2O)$, Copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate$(CuSO_5{\cdot}5H_2O)$, Iron(II)Chloride$(FeC_2{\cdot}4H_2O)$. pH was adjusted by sodium carbonate$(Na_2CO_3)$ and formic acid(HCOOH). The optimum dyeing temperature, dyeing time, and pH of the silk fabrics dyed with Rhus verniciflua extracts were $90^{\circ}C$, 100min, and in the nylon fabrics were $90^{\circ}C$, 45min. It were colored(munsell value) 6.4Y 7.5/4.1 in the silk fabrics and colored 4.3Y 6.6/5.9 in the nylon fabrics dyed with Rhus verniciflua extracts. Washing fastness and dry-cleaning fastness in the silk and nylon fabrics dyed with mordanting agent improved in $4{\sim}5$ grade. UV-A test showed that nylon fabrics a high rate of 92% with Rhus verniciflua extracts.

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