• Title, Summary, Keyword: seismic behavior

Search Result 1,671, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Seismic behavior of steel reinforced concrete (SRC) joints with new-type section steel under cyclic loading

  • Wang, Qiuwei;Shi, Qingxuan;Tian, Hehe
    • Steel and Composite Structures
    • /
    • v.19 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1561-1580
    • /
    • 2015
  • No significant improvement has been observed on the seismic performance of the ordinary steel reinforced concrete (SRC) columns compared with the reinforced concrete (RC) columns mainly because I, H or core cross-shaped steel cannot provide sufficient confinement for core concrete. Two improved SRC columns by constructing with new-type section steel were put forward on this background: a cross-shaped steel whose flanges are in contact with concrete cover by extending the geometry of webs, and a rotated cross-shaped steel whose webs coincide with diagonal line of the column's section. The advantages of new-type SRC columns have been proved theoretically and experimentally, while construction measures and seismic behavior remain unclear when the new-type columns are joined onto SRC beams. Seismic behavior of SRC joints with new-type section steel were experimentally investigated by testing 5 specimens subjected to low reversed cyclic loading, mainly including the failure patterns, hysteretic loops, skeleton curves, energy dissipation capacity, strength and stiffness degradation and ductility. Effects of steel shape, load angel and construction measures on seismic behavior of joints were also analyzed. The test results indicate that the new-type joints display shear failure pattern under seismic loading, and steel and concrete of core region could bear larger load and tend to be stable although the specimens are close to failure. The hysteretic curves of new-type joints are plumper whose equivalent viscous damping coefficients and ductility factors are over 0.38 and 3.2 respectively, and this illustrates the energy dissipation capacity and deformation ability of new-type SRC joints are better than that of ordinary ones with shear failure. Bearing capacity and ductility of new-type joints are superior when the diagonal cross-shaped steel is contained and beams are orthogonal to columns, and the two construction measures proposed have little effect on the seismic behavior of joints.

Comparison of seismic behavior of long period SDOF systems mounted on friction isolators under near-field earthquakes

  • Loghman, Vahid;Khoshnoudian, Faramarz
    • Smart Structures and Systems
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.701-723
    • /
    • 2015
  • Friction isolators are one of the most important types of bearings used to mitigate damages of earthquakes. The adaptive behavior of these isolators allows them to achieve multiple levels of performances and predictable seismic behavior during different earthquake hazard levels. There are three main types of friction isolators. The first generation with one sliding surface is known as Friction Pendulum System (FPS) isolators. The double concave friction pendulum (DCFP) with two sliding surfaces is an advanced form of FPS, and the third one, with fully adaptive behavior, is named as triple concave friction pendulum (TCFP). The current study has been conducted to investigate and compare seismic responses of these three types of isolators. The structure is idealized as a two-dimensional single degree of freedom (SDOF) resting on isolators. The coupled differential equations of motion are derived and solved using state space formulation. Seismic responses of isolated structures using each one of these isolators are investigated under seven near fault earthquake motions. The peak values of bearing displacement and base shear are studied employing the variation of essential parameters such as superstructure period, effective isolation period and effective damping of isolator. The results demonstrate a more efficient seismic behavior of TCFP isolator comparing to the other types of isolators. This efficiency depends on the selected effective isolation period as well as effective isolation damping. The investigation shows that increasing the effective isolation period or decreasing the effective isolation damping improves the seismic behavior of TCFP compared to the other isolators. The maximum difference in seismic responses, the base shear and the bearing displacement, for the TCFP isolator are calculated 26.8 and 13.4 percent less than the DCFP and FPS in effective isolation damping equal to10%, respectively.

Seismic performance of a wall-frame air traffic control tower

  • Moravej, Hossein;Vafaei, Mohammadreza;Abu Bakar, Suhaimi
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.463-482
    • /
    • 2016
  • Air Traffic Control (ATC) towers play significant role in the functionality of each airport. In spite of having complex dynamic behavior and major role in mitigating post-earthquake problems, less attention has been paid to the seismic performance of these structures. Herein, seismic response of an existing ATC tower with a wall-frame structural system that has been designed and detailed according to a local building code was evaluated through the framework of performance-based seismic design. Results of this study indicated that the linear static and dynamic analyses used for the design of this tower were incapable of providing a safety margin for the required seismic performance levels especially when the tower was subjected to strong ground motions. It was concluded that, for seismic design of ATC towers practice engineers should refer to a more sophisticated seismic design approach (e.g., performance-based seismic design) which accounts for inelastic behavior of structural components in order to comply with the higher seismic performance objectives of ATC towers.

Parametric seismic evaluation of highway overpass bridges in moderate seismic areas

  • Simon, Jozsef;Vigh, Gergely L.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.375-388
    • /
    • 2017
  • Prior to modern seismic provisions, several bridges were not designed for seismic actions in moderate seismic areas. Precast multi-girder and slab bridges are typical highway overpass structures; they have a significant contribution to national bridge stocks. Since the seismic behavior is questionable, a preliminary parametric study is conducted to determine critical configurations and components. The results indicate that the behavior of the abutments, backfill soil, superstructure and foundation is normally satisfactory; however, the superstructure-abutment joints are critical for both single- and multi-span bridges, while the piers are also critical for longer multi-span configurations. The parametric results provide a solid basis both for detailed seismic assessment and development of design concepts of newly built structures in moderate seismic zones.

Seismic performance of high strength steel frames with variable eccentric braces based on PBSD method

  • Li, Shen;Wang, Ze-yu;Guo, Hong-chao;Li, Xiao-lei
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.527-542
    • /
    • 2020
  • In traditional eccentrically braced steel frames, damages and plastic deformations are limited to the links and the main structure members are required tremendous sizes to ensure elasticity with no damage based on the force-based seismic design method, this limits the practical application of the structure. The high strength steel frames with eccentric braces refer to Q345 (the nominal yield strength is 345 MPa) steel used for links, and Q460 steel utilized for columns and beams in the eccentrically brace steel frames, the application of high strength steels not only brings out better economy and higher strength, but also wider application prospects in seismic fortification zone. Here, the structures with four type eccentric braces are chosen, including K-type, Y-type, D-type and V-type. These four types EBFs have various performances, such as stiffness, bearing capacity, ductility and failure mode. To evaluate the seismic behavior of the high strength steel frames with variable eccentric braces within the similar performance objectives, four types EBFs with 4-storey, 8-storey, 12-storey and 16-storey were designed by performance-based seismic design method. The nonlinear static behavior by pushover analysis and dynamic performance by time history analysis in the SAP2000 software was applied. A total of 11 ground motion records are adopted in the time history analysis. Ground motions representing three seismic hazards: first, elastic behavior in low earthquake hazard level for immediate occupancy, second, inelastic behavior of links in moderate earthquake hazard level for rapid repair, and third, inelastic behavior of the whole structure in very high earthquake hazard level for collapse prevention. The analyses results indicated that all structures have similar failure mode and seismic performance.

Numerical Study on the Estimation of Surface Constrained Pressure for Ductile Behavior of RC Columns (RC 기둥의 연성거동을 위한 표면구속응력 산정에 관한 해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Min;Lee, Su-Young;Kim, Geon-Woo;Kwon, MinHo;Kim, JinSup
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.48-56
    • /
    • 2021
  • Due to the recent earthquake that has occurred worldwide, interest in seismic reinforcement of structures is increasing. In order to improve the seismic performance of the structure, the seismic reinforcement of the column should be made. Various seismic retrofit methods are being developed to improve the seismic performance of columns. In this study, in order to improve the seismic performance of RC columns, an numerical study was conducted to evaluate the seismic performance of the columns by applying a surface constrained pressure. For the numerical study, the experimental study on the column was used, and the failure shape and behavior characteristics of the experimental results and the numerical results were compared. As a result of the numerical study, the ductile behavior of the RC columns occurred according to the strength of the surface constraining stress. In addition, ductile behavior occurred almost constant above a certain surface constrained pressure. Compared with the numerical results and the experimental results, he reinforcing effect of the used seismic reinforcement of the column in experimental study was compared with the value of the surface constrained pressure for the RC column, and the seismic reinforcing effect was examined as the surface constrained pressure value for the RC column. In conclusion, in this work, surface constrained stress and constrained strength for ductile behavior of RC columns are derived. Based on the results derived, it is believed that it can be used as basic data on the review of seismic design methods and seismic performance complementary effects using ductile behavior induction of RC columns.

Determination of Effective Prestress of Post-tensioned Precast Bridge Piers (포스트텐션 조립식 교각의 유효프리스트레스 크기 결정)

  • Shim, Chang Su;Koem, Chandara
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.135-143
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this paper, a design concept of post-tensioned precast bridge piers was proposed to improve seismic behavior of the bridge pier. Mild reinforcing bars are placed continuously along the height of the column. Prestressing tendons are also provided to obtain re-centering capability for seismic events. Arrangement of the axial steels to prevent buckling of rebars at plastic hinge region was suggested and enhanced seismic performance was verified by experiments. Moment-curvature analyses were performed to evaluate the effect of effective prestress on seismic behavior after verifying the calculation method by cyclic tests of the precast columns. A real bridge pier was designed to investigate the seismic performance according to different level of effective prestress. Level of effective prestress showed obvious effect on crushing displacement but negligible effect on lateral displacement at fracture of tendons and reinforcements.

Seismic behavior of structures isolated with a hybrid system of rubber bearings

  • Chen, Bo-Jen;Tsai, C.S.;Chung, L.L.;Chiang, Tsu-Cheng
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.761-783
    • /
    • 2006
  • The enlargement of interest in base isolators as an earthquake-proof design strategy has dramatically accelerated experimental studies of elastomeric bearings worldwide. In this paper, a new base isolator concept that is a hybrid system of rubber bearings is proposed. Uniaxial, biaxial, and triaxial shaking table tests are also performed to study the seismic behavior of a 0.4-scale three-story isolated steel structure in the National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering in Taiwan. Experimental results demonstrate that structures with a hybrid system of rubber bearings composed of stirruped rubber bearings and laminated rubber bearings can actually decrease the seismic responses of the superstructure. It has been proved through the shaking table tests that the proposed hybrid system of rubber bearings is a very promising tool to enhance the seismic resistance of structures. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the proposed analytical model in this paper can predict the mechanical behavior of the hybrid system of rubber bearings and seismic responses of the base-isolated structures.

Fundamental aspects on the seismic vulnerability of ancient masonry towers and retrofitting techniques

  • Preciado, Adolfo;Bartoli, Gianni;Budelmann, Harald
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.339-352
    • /
    • 2015
  • Ancient masonry towers constitute a relevant part of the cultural heritage of humanity. Their earthquake protection is a topic of great concern among researchers due to the strong damage suffered by these brittle and massive structures through the history. The identification of the seismic behavior and failure of towers under seismic loading is complex. This strongly depends on many factors such as soil characteristics, geometry, mechanical properties of masonry and heavy mass, as well as the earthquake frequency content. A deep understanding of these aspects is the key for the correct seismic vulnerability evaluation of towers and to design the most suitable retrofitting measure. Recent tendencies on the seismic retrofitting of historical structures by means of prestressing are related to the use of smart materials. The most famous cases of application of prestressing in towers were discussed. Compared to horizontal prestressing, vertical post-tensioning is aimed at improving the seismic behavior of towers by reducing damage with the application of an overall distribution of compressive stresses at key locations.

Effect of masonry infill walls with openings on nonlinear response of reinforced concrete frames

  • Ozturkoglu, Onur;Ucar, Taner;Yesilce, Yusuf
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.333-347
    • /
    • 2017
  • Masonry infill walls are unavoidable parts of any building to create a separation between internal space and external environment. In general, there are some prevalent openings in the infill wall due to functional needs, architectural considerations or aesthetic concerns. In current design practice, the strength and stiffness contribution of infill walls is not considered. However, the presence of infill walls may decisively influence the seismic response of structures subjected to earthquake loads and cause a different behavior from that predicted for a bare frame. Furthermore, partial openings in the masonry infill wall are significant parameter affecting the seismic behavior of infilled frames thereby decreasing the lateral stiffness and strength. The possible effects of openings in the infill wall on seismic behavior of RC frames is analytically studied by means of pushover analysis of several bare, partially and fully infilled frames having different bay and story numbers. The stiffness loss due to partial opening is introduced by the stiffness reduction factors which are developed from finite element analysis of frames considering frame-infill interaction. Pushover curves of frames are plotted and the maximum base shear forces, the yield displacement, the yield base shear force coefficient, the displacement demand, interstory drift ratios and the distribution of story shear forces are determined. The comparison of parameters both in terms of seismic demand and capacity indicates that partial openings decisively influences the nonlinear behavior of RC frames and cause a different behavior from that predicted for a bare frame or fully infilled frame.