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Development of Molecular Markers Conferring Bacterial Leaf Pustule Resistance Gene, rxp, using Resistant and Susceptible Cultivars in Soybean (콩 불마름병 저항성 및 감수성 품종을 이용한 rxp 유전자 근접 분자표지 개발)

  • Yang, Kiwoung;Lee, Yeong Hoon;Ko, Jong Min;Jeon, Myeong Gi;Lee, Byong Won;Kim, Hyun Tae;Yun, Hong Tae;Jung, Chan Sik;Baek, In Youl
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.282-287
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    • 2011
  • Bacterial pustule (BP) is a leaf disease of soybean that is most common in Korea. Inoculation of 8ra, pathogen strain, to resistant and susceptible cultivars for finding the BP resistance gene (rxp) was much tried but the sequence of the exact gene is not found. This research performed in order to confirm the rxp gene near molecular marker by using the resistant and susceptible cultivars. Soybean BP resistance gene which related to region of near molecular marker could select the resistant cultivar. For the near molecular marker of rxp, reference genomics data available at sequenced Phytozome was used for designing molecular markers. The rxp was mapped between Satt372 and Satt486 on chromosome 17. According to previous study, rxp released in find mapping 7.2 Mbp to 7.3 Mbp on chromosome 17. In this study, we developed 3 random markers near from 6.6 Mbp to 7.3 Mbp on chromosome 17 identified to increase the genetic resolution of the rxp gene region using resistant and susceptible cultivars. Particularly, Rxp17-700 marker was mostly coincided resistance and susceptible genotype to rxp. This result suggests that Rxp17-700 marker will be more tightly linked to rxp gene.

Marker-Assisted Foreground and Background Selection of Near Isogenic Lines for Bacterial Leaf Pustule Resistant Gene in Soybean

  • Kim, Kil-Hyun;Kim, Moon-Young;Van, Kyu-Jung;Moon, Jung-Kyung;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Lee, Suk-Ha
    • Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2008
  • Bacterial leaf pustule (BLP) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines is a serious disease to make pustule and chlorotic haloes in soybean [Glycine max (L). Merr.]. While inheritance mode and map positions of the BLP resistance gene, rxp are known, no sequence information of the gene was reported. In this study, we made five near isogenic lines (NILs) from separate backcrosses (BCs) of BLP-susceptible Hwangkeumkong $\times$ BLP-resistant SS2-2 (HS) and BLP-susceptible Taekwangkong$\times$ SS2-2 (TS) through foreground and background selection based on the four-stage selection strategy. First, 15 BC individuals were selected through foreground selection using the simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers Satt486 and Satt372 flanking the rxp gene. Among them, 11 BC plants showed the BLP-resistant response. The HS and TS lines chosen in foreground selection were again screened by background selection using 118 and 90 SSR markers across all chromosomes, respectively. Eventually, five individuals showing greater than 90% recurrent parent genome content were selected in both HS and TS lines. These NILs will be a unique biological material to characterize the rxp gene.

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Development of Molecular Markers for Xanthomonas axonopodis Resistance in Soybean

  • Kim Ki-Seung;Van Kyujung;Kim Moon Young;Lee Suk-Ha
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.429-433
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    • 2004
  • A single recessive gene, rxp, controls the bacterial leaf pustule (BLP) resistance in soybean and in our previous article, it has been mapped on linkage group (LG) D2 of molecular genetic map of soybean. A total of 130 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a cross between BLP-resistant SS2-2 and BLP-susceptible Jangyeobkong were used to identify molecular markers linked to rxp. Fifteen simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers on LG D2 were screened to construct a genetic map of rxp locus. Only four SSR markers, Satt135, Satt372, Satt448, and Satt486, showed parental polymorphisms. Using these markers, genetic scaffold map was constructed covering 26.2cM. Based on the single analysis of variance, Satt372 among these four SSR markers was the most significantly associated with the resistance to BLP. To develop new amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) marker linked to the resistance gene, bulked segregant analysis (BSA) was employed. Resistance and susceptible bulks were made by pooling equal amount of genomic DNAs from ten of each in the segregating population. A total of 192 primer combinations were used to identify specific bands to the resistance, selecting three putative AFLP markers. These AFLP markers produced the fragment present in SS2-2 and the resistant bulk, and not in Jangyeobkong and the susceptible bulk. Linkage analysis revealed that McctEact97 $(P=0.0004,\;R^2=14.67\%)$ was more significant than Satt372, previously reported as the most closely linked marker.