• Title, Summary, Keyword: risk assessment

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A Basic Study on the Risk Assessment of Domestic Construction Companies (국내 건설업체의 위험성평가 실태조사 기초 연구)

  • Park, Hwan-Pyo;Han, Jae-Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.240-241
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    • 2019
  • Construction disasters have more distinctive characteristics than other industrial disasters. Since it is likely that construction disasters will spread to severe accidents, the accident mortality rate is very high compared to the disaster incidence rate. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the operation status of construction risk assessment by domestic large and medium sized construction companies to prepare improvement direction of risk assessment system. The survey results for safety management experts of construction companies are as follows: Large companies have developed and utilized risk assessment systems in their respective companies, while small and medium construction companies have developed and evaluated risk factors through the Excel program. Rather than performing risk assessment tasks based on historical safety accident data, construction companies have limitations in developing risk factors and preparing solutions with suppliers for each major construction. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare a risk assessment system in the future by analyzing the types of safety accidents, such as the safety accident data of each company as well as the safety accident data.

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DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED RISK ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK FOR INTERNAL/EXTERNAL EVENTS AND ALL POWER MODES

  • Yang, Joon-Eon
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.459-470
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    • 2012
  • From the PSA point of view, the Fukushima accident of Japan in 2011 reveals some issues to be re-considered and/or improved in the PSA such as the limited scope of the PSA, site risk, etc. KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) has performed researches on the development of an integrated risk assessment framework related to some issues arisen after the Fukushima accident. This framework can cover the internal PSA model and external PSA models (fire, flooding, and seismic PSA models) in the full power and the low power-shutdown modes. This framework also integrates level 1, 2 and 3 PSA to quantify the risk of nuclear facilities more efficiently and consistently. We expect that this framework will be helpful to resolve the issue regarding the limited scope of PSA and to reduce some inconsistencies that might exist between (1) the internal and external PSA, and (2) full power mode PSA and low power-shutdown PSA models. In addition, KAERI is starting researches related to the extreme external events, the risk assessment of spent fuel pool, and the site risk. These emerging issues will be incorporated into the integrated risk assessment framework. In this paper the integrated risk assessment framework and the research activities on the emerging issues are outlined.

An Objective Method of Risk Assessment Based on Stochastic Modelling (확률 기반의 위험등급평가 객관화 방안)

  • Shin, Sang-Sik;Lee, Kil-Soo;Cho, Heung-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.465-474
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: To provide a variety of stable military supplies, risk should be avoided or removed. This paper aims to provide an objective method of risk assesment for risk matrix to evaluate risk level. Methods: According to previous results of risk assesment through risk matrix, some parameters and probability density functions, which include characteristics of military supplies, are selected and Risk matrix is modelled based on that. Results: Results show that a proposed method can evaluate objectively risk level through the stochastic modelling and provide well-balanced risk assessments by categorizing into 3 levels such as high, middle and low level risk. Conclusion: A current risk assessment method includes substantial subjectivity of risk assessment and as a problem about military supplies comes up, we can not show any appropriate evidences for decision of risk assessment. We propose an objective scheme employing stochastic modelling with parameters and probability density functions.

A study on Risk Assessment Procedure for the Structural changes of Navigable Airspaces (공역의 구조적 변경에 따른 위험평가 절차 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Kim, W.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2012
  • 'Navigable airspace' means an airspace at and above the minimum safe flight level, including airspace or flight procedures needed for safe takeoff and landing. Airspace may be established as needed and may be abolished, and in some cases may be limited to airspace management. These are absolutely based on risk assessment. Safety is the state in which the risk of harm to persons or of property damage is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management. 'Risk' is the assessed potential for adverse consequences resulting from a hazard and 'Risk assessment' involves consideration of both the frequency and the severity of any adverse consequence. This paper proposed 'risk assessment procedure' for the structural changes of Navigable Airspaces through literature reviews relevant to manuals on airspace management and risk management.

Comprehensive Assessment on Risk Factors using Fuzzy Inference in Decommissioning Process (퍼지추론을 이용한 해체공정 중 리스크 요인의 통합 평가)

  • Lim, Hyeon Kyo;Kim, Hyunjung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.184-190
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    • 2014
  • Decommissioning process of nuclear facilities consist of a sequence of problem solving activities, because there may exist not only working environments contaminated by radiological exposure but also industrial hazards such as fire, explosions, toxic materials, and electrical and physical hazards. Therefore, not a few countries in the world have been trying to develop appropriate counter techniques in order to guarantee safety and efficiency of the process. In spite of that, there still exists neither domestic nor international standard. Unfortunately, however, there are few workers who experienced decommissioning operations a lot in the past. As a solution, it is quite necessary to utilize experts' opinions for risk assessment in decommissioning process. As for an individual hazard factor, risk assessment techniques are getting known to industrial workers with advance of safety technology, but the way how to integrate those results is not yet. This paper aimed to find out an appropriate technique to integrate individual risk assessment results from the viewpoint of experts. Thus, on one hand the whole risk assessment activity for decommissioning operations was modeled as a sequence of individual risk assessment steps which can be classified into two activities, decontamination and dismantling, and on the other, a risk assessment structure was introduced. The whole model was inferred with Fuzzy theory and techniques, and a numerical example was appended for comprehension.

Development of the Risk Assessment Systems for Management of Sunken Ships (침몰선박의 관리를 위한 위해도 평가시스템 개발)

  • Choi, H.J.;Lew, J.M.;Kim, H.;Lee, S.H.;Kang, C.G.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.193-202
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    • 2005
  • Marine risk assessment considers events such as collision/grounding, sinking/capsize, fire/explosion and flooding, developing relationships between their causes and effects. In addition, risk assessment of previously sunken ships are also necessary since they continuously have possibility for further oil spill or can cause other marine accidents. The objective of this paper is to develop the risk assessment systems for sunken ships to prevent oil spill and further marine causalities in order to preserve safe and clean oceans around Korea peninsula. The risk assessment systems for sunken ships comprise of database management sub-system for sunken ships, qualitative risk assessment sub-system, quantitative risk assessment sub-system, and cost-benefit analysis subsystem.

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Development of Integrated Method and Tool for Railway Risk Assessment (철도 위험도 통합 평가 방법 및 도구 개발)

  • Han, Sang-Hoon;Ahn, Kwang-Il;Wang, Jong-Bae;Lee, Ho-Joong
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1132-1139
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    • 2006
  • Railway risk is evaluated by a method of linking event trees and fault trees as the general PSA(Probabilistic Safety Assessment) model for the risk assessment of complex systems. Accident scenarios causing undesirable events are modeled by event trees comprised of several accident sequences. Each branch located in the accident progression of the event tree is modeled by an fault tree or can be represented by some value too simply. We usually evaluate the frequency of the whole sequence by adding them after calculating the frequency of each sequence at a time. However, since there are quite a number of event trees and fault trees in the railway risk assessment model, the number of sequence to evaluate increases and preparation for the risk assessment costs much time all the more. Also, it may induce errors when analysts perform the work of quantification. Therefore, the systematic maintenance and control of event trees and fault trees will be essential for the railway risk assessment. In this paper we introduce an integrated assessment method using one-top model and develop a risk assessment tool for the maintenance and control of the railway risk model.

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Risk of Material Misstatement in the Stage of Audit Planning: Empirical Evidence from Vietnamese Listed Enterprises

  • NGUYEN, Hoan;NGO, Thi Kieu Trang;LE, Thi Tam
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.137-148
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate factors influencing risk assessment of material misstatement in Vietnamese enterprises listed on stock market. Expert interview method was conducted to discover the scales for three variables including information system, trademark, and risk assessment of material misstatement. Survey method was used to examine the impacts of eight factors on risk assessment of material misstatement. Data is collected from 317 auditors who have excellent experience in auditing financial statements of companies listed on stock market. Then, data is processed by descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, factor extracted analysis, correlative regression analysis, and analysis variance of residual change. The research findings showed that business characteristic, stakeholder pressure, and economic environment have positive relationships with risk assessment of material misstatement. Three variables including operation control and monitor, control environment, and information system negatively affect to risk assessment. Specially, business characteristic and information system, which are elements in internal control, have strongest impact on risk assessment. One the other hand, assessment of internal control plays an important role not only in the audit plan stage but also throughout the stages of the audit implementation and ending. Therefore, appropriate solutions are proposed to carry out all audit stages.