• Title/Summary/Keyword: rigidity

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Tactile Sensibility Factors of Traditional Silk Fabrics (전통 견직물의 촉각적 감성요인)

  • Yi, Eun-Jou
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2007
  • In order to identify tactile sensibility factors of traditional silk fabrics and to provide prediction models for the sensibility factors by mechanical properties, seventeen different traditional silk fabrics were evaluated in terms of both tactile sensation and sensibility by using a modified magnitude estimation line scale Gongdan and Newttong with lower values for surface roughness(SMD), bending rigidity(B), and compression resilience(RC) were rated as softer, smoother, fluffier, and more pliable in tactile sensation than any other traditional silk fabrics whereas Nobangju haying higher B, SMD, and tensile resilience(RT) was touched as crisper, more rustling, and springier. Three different tactile sensibility factors including 'Feminine', 'Natural', and 'Casual' were obtained significantly by grouping fifteen different tactile sensibility descriptors. In the prediction models sensibility 'Feminine' was explained positively by SMD, which was supported by the fact that both Gongdan and Newtton were perceived as more feminine. Sensibility 'Natural' that was felt stronger as for Myoungju and Sa was predicted negatively by both fabric thickness(T) and RT. Finally, RC, elongation at maximum load (EM), and T predicted sensibility 'Casual' negatively, which results in its higher factor scores for Myoungju and Shantung, respectively.

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Heat Generation Characteristics of Emotional and Intelligent ZrC Imbedded Garment through Thermal Manikin Measurement (탄화지르코늄 함유 감성 인텔리전트 의류의 써멀 마네킹 측정에 의한 발열 특성)

  • Kim, Hyunah;Kim, Seungjin
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated heat generation characteristics of knitted and woven intelligent garments made of ZrC imbedded yarns through thermal manikin measurement. These emotional and intelligent thermal characteristics by thermal manikin measurement were analysed and compared with light/thermal radiation experimental results. Surface temperature of ZrC imbedded woven and knitted fabrics by light/thermal radiation measurement was $4^{\circ}C$ and $2^{\circ}C$ higher than that of regular PET control fabrics, respectively. Clo value as heat generation characteristics of ZrC imbedded woven and knitted garments with light exposure was 0.14 and 0.08 higher than that of regular PET control garments, respectively. These results were attributed to the far-infrared thermal radiation from ZrC imbedded in the core part of the intelligent bi-component filament, which was verified by far-infrared emissive power ranged between $6{\mu}m$ and $20{\mu}m$ through FT-IR experiment and by inclusion of Zr through EDS ingredient analysis. However, compressibility of ZrC imbedded woven fabric was lower than that of regular PET one, and bending rigidity was higher than that of regular one, which resulted in a little stiff tactile hand property of ZrC imbedded fabric. We found that ZrC imbedded intelligent woven and knitted fabrics were applicable to the intelligent garment as a heat generation textile material by thermal manikin measurement.

Semi-rigid Elasto-Plastic Post Buckling Analysis of Space Frame by Using the Explicit Arc-Length Method (명시적 호장법을 이용한 공간프레임의 반강접 탄소성 후좌굴 해석)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Soo;Han, Sang-Eul
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.535-546
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, semi-rigid elasto-plastic post-buckling analysis of a space frame was performed using various explicit arc-length methods. Various explicit arc-length methodsand a large-deformation and small-strain elasto-plastic 3D space frame element with semi-rigid connections and plastic hinges were developed. This element can be appliedto both explicit and implicit numerical algorithms. In this study, the Dynamic Relaxation method was adopted in the predictor and corrector processesto formulate an explicit arc-length algorithm. The developed "explicit-predictor" or "explicit-corrector" were used in the elasto-plastic post-buckling analysis. The Eulerian equations for a beam-column with finite rotation, which considers the bowing effects, were adopted for the elastic system and extended to theinelastic system with a plastic hinge concept. The derived tangent stiffness matrix was asymmetrical due to the finite rotation. The joint connection elements were introduced for semi-rigidity using a static condensation technique. Semi-rigid elasto-plastic post-buckling analyses were carried out to demonstrate the potential of the developed explicit arc-length method and advanced space frame element in terms of accuracy and efficiency.

An Experience of Living Lab as Energy Transition Experiment: The Case of Urban Living Lab for Mini-PV System in Seong-Dae-Gol, Seoul, KOREA (에너지전환 실험의 장으로서 한국 리빙랩의 경험: 성대골의 도시지역 미니태양광 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jun han;Han, Jae kak
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.219-265
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    • 2018
  • Recently, interest in energy tranisition is rising. Energy transition requires active participation and cooperation of diverse stakeholders, including users / citizens, in that it requires not only changes in technological factors but also changes and coordination of various social factors. Living labs are attracting attention as one of the ways to do this. This article is a detailed analysis of the activities of the mini-PV living lab in the urban area from 2016 to 2017 at the Seoul, Sung Dae Goal. Through the Living Lab, mini PV DIY products, backup centers, local financial services, and the development of a variety of education and training strategies have been achieved. These activities and achievements were analyzed through questions raised on strategic, tactical, and operational levels, as well as through multi-level perspective and interaction between initiative, regime, and niche. In conclusion, this living lab activity confirmed the possibility of a 'transition lap' to solve social problems such as sustainability of energy production and utilization. In particular, it gained remarkable results in terms of the operational leves of transition management governance, that is, transition experiment, and it was also remarkable in that it was the initiative of citizens. However, it did not proceed without difficulty. In particular, structural problems such as the conflict between the flexibility inherent in living lab and the bureaucratic rigidity of the financial support organization have appeared. There was also a limitation that there was no 'transition field' on the strategic level necessary to replicate and expand strategic niches while spreading the knowledge gained from the transition experiment, forming the vision of transition.

Effects of Temperament, Family Strength and Social Support on Ego-Resilience of Adolescents (청소년의 기질, 가족건강성 사회적 지지가 자아탄력성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Ji-Young;Lim, Jung-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of temperament, family strength and social support on ego-resilience of adolescents. Four hundred fifty middle and high school students in Incheon participated. Temperament, family strength, social support and ego-resilience were evaluated by self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using factor analyses, t-tests, descriptive statistics, correlations and standard multiple regression analyses. Results indicated that there was significant gender difference in ego-resilience. Adolescents' ego-resilience was positively associated with activity level and persistence in temperament, family strength and social support, but negatively associated with rigidity in temperament. Furthermore, gender, temperament, family strength and social support of class teacher and close friends significantly predicted ego-resilience of adolescents.

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The Experiment for Performance Evaluation of Column-rafter-purlin Connections of an Arch-type Plastic Multi-span Greenhouse (플라스틱 연동온실 기둥-서까래-도리 접합부의 성능 평가 실험)

  • Choi, Man-kwon;Ryu, Hee-ryong;Cho, Myeong-whan;Yu, In-ho;Kim, Seung-yu
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.473-479
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the structural experiment was conducted with two types of specimens to investigate the mechanical behavior of the column-rafter-purlin connection of an arch-type greenhouse under monotonic loading. Based on the experimental results, the flexural performance was analyzed for two types of connections, and connection classification was attempted. Type B showed 77% of flexural performance compared to Type A, and both types showed that the rigidity and flexural strength did not reach the level of the full rigid. The behavior of the column-rafter-purlin connection was dominated by local buckling due to deformation of the weld and fasteners. As a result of connection classification by AISC standard, both Type A and B connections showed a result that did not meet the rigid connection performance assumed during design, and were classified as simple connection. Therefore, the connection performance evaluation and classification results show that the greenhouse design should be made in consideration of connection performance and in order to design a reliable greenhouse structure, a study on establishing clear design standards for the greenhouse connection is necessary.

Optimum Design of Weight Reduction and Driving Performance enhancement for Formula type Self-design on-road vehicle (포뮬러 형태 자작자동차의 경량화 및 주행 성능 향상을 위한 최적설계에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Sang-Won;Kang, Sin-Wook;Ha, Seung-Hyun;Park, Jin-Pyo;Kim, Dae-Wan;Lee, Moo-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.725-732
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    • 2017
  • Weight reduction is one of the important issues in the automotive industry and the development of internal combustion engines vehicles, future vehicles, and eco-friendly vehicles for improving fuel efficiency. The objective of this study is to investigate the improvement of driving performance by weight reduction and optimum design for a formula-type self-designed on-road vehicle. This study is divided into the four steps. Firstly, the engine room was replaced and designed with a lighter engine. Secondly, an optimization study was conducted to simplify and lighten the vehicle components with the design of the frame. Thirdly, the structure design was optimized and the suspension was analyzed with the design of the frame. Finally, the design of an upright and hub with reduced weight was carried out using lighter parts. As a result, we reduced the weight of the vehicle by 48.5kg compared to the previous year (19.5%) and increased the acceleration from 6.8 s to 5.8 s.s.

STN DBS of Advanced Parkinson's Disease Experienced in a Specialized Monitoring Unit with a Prospective Protocol

  • Lee, Ji-Yeoun;Han, Jung-Ho;Kim, Han-Joon;Jeon, Beom-Seok;Kim, Dong-Gyu;Paek, Sun-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2008
  • Objective : In the evaluation of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), most neurologists only see their patients during a limited period of their fluctuating 24-hour-a-day lives. This study aimed to assess the short-term outcome of STN stimulation for patients with advanced PD evaluated in a 24-hour monitoring unit for movement disorder (MUMD) using a prospective protocol. Methods : Forty-two patients with advanced PD consecutively treated with bilateral STN stimulation using multi-channel microelectrode recording were included in this study. All patients were evaluated using a 24-hour MUMD with a video recording/editing system and were evaluated with a prospective protocol of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, Hoehn and Yahr Staging, Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living, levodopa equivalent daily dose (LEDD), Short Form-36 Health Survey, and neuropsychological tests. Magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain were performed prior to and six months after surgery. Results : All patients were evaluated at three and six months after surgery. There was a rapid and significant improvement of the motor symptoms, especially in tremor and rigidity, after STN stimulation with low morbidity. Dyskinesia was markedly decreased with much lowered LEDD values by 50% after STN stimulation. 1.5T MR images were safely taken according to the manufacturer's guidelines at six months after surgery without any adverse effects in 41 patients treated with STN stimulations. Conclusion : Evaluations in a 24-hour monitoring unit could reduce the dose of medication efficiently to an optimal level with patients' comfort and improve the clinical symptoms in harmony with STN stimulation.

MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA - A Case Report - (악성고열증 1예 보고)

  • Chang, Hak-Weon;Park, Kwan-Su;Kim, Chang-Whan;Nam, Dong-Seok;Park, Hyo-Sang;Park, No-Boo;Kim, Jong-Bae
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 1997
  • Malignant hyperthermia is a hypermetabolic, fatal syndrome triggered by anesthetic drugs that occurs frequently in genetically susceptible persons. It is characterized by tachycardia, rapidly increasing temperature, skeletal muscle rigidity, respiratory and metabolic acidosis, cyanosis etc. It has been noted that the majority of cases of malignant hyperthermia are fatal unless early diagnosis and treatment are performed. Thus, the accurate prediction of preanesthetic susceptibility and early diagnosis of malignant hyperthermia is necessary to appropriate treatment. Dantrolene sodium has been shown to be effective in the prevention and treatment of malignant hyperthermia. We experienced a case of malignant hyperthermia, which is presented of a 32-year-old healthy male patient in whom a orthognatic surgery was performed under $O_2-N_2O$-enfl-rane anesthesia with induction by pentobarbital and succinylcholine. We discuss this case with reviewing the history, incidence, etiology, pathophysiology, clinical signs & biochemical changes, prevention & treatment.

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A Study on the Development of Lightweight Seat Cushion Extension Module (경량형 시트 쿠션 익스텐션 모듈 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Hanseul;Choi, Seongkyu;Park, Sang-Chul;Lim, Heon-pil;Oh, Eu-Ddeum
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.200-207
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    • 2016
  • The automotive seat is an important component that moves in sync with the driver and is actively being developed with various new functions. The aim of this work is to develop a lightweight seat cushion extension module using a lightweight material. To this end, a structural strength analysis, vertical strength test, and durability test were conducted. In the structural analysis, the maximum value of deformation under vertical load was 4.98 mm at the front of the upper panel. The maximum stress was approximately 105 MPa, which occurred at the point of contact between the upper and lower panels of the module. The vertical strength test showed a maximum vertical deformation of 5.31 mm under a vertical load, which differed from the analysis results by approximately 6.45%. The structural safety of the product was verified by the fact that it showed no harmful deformation or damage during operation after the vertical strength test and a durability test for 20,000 cycles. Furthermore, the use of engineering plastics made it possible to reduce the weight by approximately 30% compared to existing products. The lack of damage after tests verified the passenger safety, strength, and rigidity of the product. The results are expected to be applied for improving environmental and fuel efficiency regulations and preventing accidents due to driver fatigue. The applications of this module could be expanded various types of vehicles, as well as other industries in which eco-friendly and lightweight materials are used.