• Title/Summary/Keyword: rice bread

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Comparison of Some Characteristics Relevant to Rice Bread Processing between Brown and Milled Rice (백미와 현미 쌀빵의 특성 비교)

  • 강미영;최영희;최해춘
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 1997
  • The experiments of rice bread processing were carried out to compare the varietal difference in processing adaptability to rice bread between brown and milled rice flour, and to analyze the interrelations among chemical properties of rice grain and some characteristics relevant to rice bread processing and quality There was varietal difference in adaptability to rice bread processing in both brown and milled rice, but there was not significant adaptability difference between brown and milled rice flours to rice bread processing. However, there was remarkable adaptability difference between brown and milled rice flours to rice bread processing in some rice varieties. Three high-amylose rices AC 27, IR 44, Suweonjo showed high quality of milled rice bread among tested rice materials. Brown rice revealed better adaptability to rice bread processing compared with milled rice in all varieties except the above three varieties. Especially, the glutinous rice Hangangchalbyeo failed to normal formation of rice bread from milled rice flour, but it showed the successful formation of rice bread from brown rice flour. The interrelations among chemical components of rice grain and some characteristics relevant to rice bread processing and quality exhibited quite different tendency between brown and milled rices. In the case of rice bread processing by brown rice flour, the larger volume expansion of dough during fermentation made the more springy rice bread and the more moist rice bread showed the more soft and cohesive physical property. In the case of rice bread processing by milled rice flour, the lower protein of rice flour was closely associated with the more moistness of rice bread and the higher lipid led to the more uniformal air pore distribution, the smaller pore size and the lower springiness of rice bread. Also, the larger volume expansion of dough during fermentation made the better loaf formation and the larger pore size of rice bread. The better loaf formation of rice bread revealed the softer hardness and the lower chewiness, and the lower springiness was closely correlated with the more uniformal size distribution of air pore and the smaller pore size in rice bread.

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Effects of Gums , Fats and Glutens Adding on Processing and Quality of Milled Rice Bread (Gum 질, 지방질 및 활성 Gluten 첨가에 따른 쌀빵 특성 비교)

  • Kang, Mi-Young;Choi, Young-Hee;Choi, Hae-Chune
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.700-704
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    • 1997
  • Fermentation and morphological characteristics of rice bread baked with gums, lipids, and glutens added dough were investigated to establish the standard recipe for rice bread processing. All gum-type additives 1ed to successful formation of rice bread. Hydroxypropyl-methyl-cellulose among tested gums showed the best volume expansion and successful formation of rice bread. Addition of vegetable oils gave better effect on increasing the specific loaf volume and tenderness of rice bread than addition of the solid-type lipids such as margarin and lard during rice bread processing. Dry heating during baking of the rice bread gave more desirable effect on specific gravity of rice bread than wet heating. High-amylose rices such as Suweonjo, AC 27, and IR 44 showed better formation of rice bread in the case of adding 3% hydroxypropyl-methyl-cellulose, while Suweon 230 and Pusa-33-30 showed slightly better formation of rice bread in the case of adding the gluten and strong hard flour. The glutinous rice Hangangchalbyeo failed to the formation of rice bread in both cases of adding 3% hydroxypropyl-methyl-cellulose and the gluten and hard flour.

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Interrelation between Physicochemical Properties of Milled Rice and Retrogradation of Rice Bread during COld Storage (쌀의 이화학적 특성과 저장 쌀빵의 노화성과의 관계)

  • 강미영;최영희;최해춘
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.886-891
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    • 1997
  • The interrelation between physicochemical properties of milled rice and retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage was examined to compare the varietal difference in maintenance of rice bread quality. Twelve rice materials showed big varietal difference on physicochemical properties of rice starch such as amylose content(0.0~29.2%), gel consistency(20~98mm), and alkali digestion value(2.0~7.0). Rice bread made from milled rice of Jungwonbyeo, AC 27 and IRAT 177 exhibited soft texture and late retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage(4$^{\circ}C$). The amylose content of milled rice was closely associated with gel consistency negatively and with springiness of rice bread positively. The retrogradation of rice bread texture during cold storage was correlated with gel consistency of rice flour positively and with alkali digestion value of milled rice negatively.

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Quality Analyses and Consumer Acceptability of Gluten-Free Rice Bread and Other Commercially Marketed Bread in Korea (Gluten-Free 쌀빵, 시판 중인 쌀빵 및 밀빵의 품질과 소비자 검사 분석)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.336-344
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    • 2017
  • The physical characteristics of gluten-free rice bread, commercial rice as well as wheat bread marketed in Korea were delineated, a sensory descriptive analysis performed, and a consumer acceptability study conducted. Both the specific gravity and color of gluten-free rice bread were higher than those of commercial rice and wheat bread. The sensory descriptive analysis revealed that the adhesiveness, fracturability, fermentation odor, and the powdery mouthfeel of gluten-free rice bread were higher than those of commercial rice and wheat bread. In contrast, the sweet odor, sweetness, egg taste, butter taste, and milk taste of gluten-free rice bread were lower than those of commercial rice and wheat bread. The consumer acceptability results revealed differences regarding odor, appearance, taste, texture, and overall acceptance between a blind test and an informed test of gluten-free rice bread, commercial rice, and wheat bread. The consumer acceptability findings were associated with those of the sensory descriptive analysis. In overall, the results indicated that the quality of gluten-free rice bread can be improved by controlling the decrease of adhesiveness, fracturability, and powdery mouthfeel.

Characteristics of Bread-making and Quality of Rice Bread with Different Percentages of Dietary Fiber, Enzymes and Egg (식이섬유, 효소 및 달걀 첨가 수준에 따른 쌀빵의 제빵 적성 및 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.580-587
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    • 2018
  • The baking properties of rice bread with polydextrose (3, 6, and 9%), enzymes (0.006, 0.009, and 0.018%) and egg (1.32 and 2.64%) were investigated. The specific gravity and color (L, a, b) of the dough, as well as the appearance, color (L, a, b) and texture of the rice bread were analyzed. The springiness, chewiness, gumminess (p<0.01) and hardness (p<0.001) of the rice bread tended to increase as the amount of added polydextrose increased. Replacement of rice flour with hemicellulase, glucose oxidase and fungal amylase are effective for producing rice bread. Replacement of rice flour with 0.009% glucose oxidase and 0.006% fungal amylase had a significant effect on increasing the volume and decreasing the hardness of the rice bread (p<0.001). Replacement of rice flour with 1.32% egg white also had a significant effect on increasing the volume and decreasing the hardness of the rice bread (p<0.001). These results suggest that replacement of rice flour with 0.009% glucose oxidase and 0.006% fungal amylase, and 1.32% egg white are effective for producing rice bread with good volume and hardness.

Current Status and Dietitians' Perception of Rice Bread in the Noncommercial Foodservice Menu (단체급식 식단의 쌀빵 이용 현황 및 영양사의 인식 분석)

  • Cha, Sung-Mi;Lee, Min-A;Lee, Hae-Young;Lee, So-Jung;Yang, Il-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.356-365
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to survey the current status of bread menus at school, business and industry (B & I), and military foodservice operations and to analyze dietitians' perceptions of applying rice bread in foodservice menus. A questionnaire, which was developed by content analysis, situation analysis, and in-depth interview, was distributed to 183 schools, 31 B & I operations, and 26 air force dietitians. In the school and B & I foodservices, wheat bread was used much more than rice bread and serving frequencies of morning rolls and sliced bread were higher. The military foodservices, however, served much more rice bread as burger buns than the other groups. For the school and B&I operations, consumer preference for wheat bread was perceived as high. In contrast, soldiers preferred rice bread to wheat bread in the military foodservices. The recognized advantages of using rice bread were different among the three groups. The military dietitians perceived the main advantage of using rice bread as an increase of rice consumption, while the school and B & I dietitians viewed it as promoting a healthy image. In all groups, the primary difficulties for using rice bread were the higher cost of rice bread as compared to wheat bread and a lack of facilities (e.g. oven). The military dietitians had the highest levels of positive and active interest as well as intention and opinions toward using rice bread. On the other hand, the school and B & I dietitians had very positive perceptions of rice bread but did not actually apply it in their foodservice menus. Overall, the results of this study suggest that the development of diverse menus using rice bread along with government support of its use, including facilities with ovens as well as rice bread subsidies, should be carried out for on-going expansion of the rice bread supply.

Effects of Mixing Speed and Time on the Dynamic Viscoelasticity of Dough and the Baking Properties of Gluten-Free Rice Bread (교반 조건에 따른 Gluten-Free 쌀빵 반죽의 동적점탄성과 제빵 특성)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1011-1018
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    • 2015
  • The effects of mixing speed (3, 6 and 10 speed) and time (2, 5 and 10 min) on the dynamic viscoelasticity of dough and the baking properties of gluten-free rice bread were investigated. The specific gravity of the dough was not affected by the mixing speed and time before and after fermentation. The elasticity (G') and viscosity (G") of the dough increased and the tan ${\delta}$ (G"/G') decreased with higher mixing speeds and longer mixing times. The specific volume of the gluten-free rice bread was affected by the mixing time in response surface methodology (RSM). The hardness of the gluten-free rice bread showed a decreasing trend as the specific volume for the gluten-free rice bread increased. The appearance of the gluten-free rice bread was symmetrical at high mixing speeds and long mixing times. Overall results indicated that the quality of gluten-free rice bread could be improved by controlling the mixing speeds and mixing times for the dough.

Baking Properties of Gluten-free Rice Bread with Different Percentages of Corn Starch and Waxy Corn Starch (옥수수 전분과 찰옥수수 전분 첨가 비율에 따른 Gluten-free 제빵 특성)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.586-593
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    • 2015
  • The baking properties of gluten-free rice bread with different percentages of corn starch and waxy corn starch were investigated. The specific gravity and color (L, a, b) of the dough as well as the appearance, color (L, a, b) and texture of the rice bread were analyzed. Replacement of rice flour with 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% corn starch did not have a significant effect on the specific gravity and color of the dough. The volume and specific volume of the rice bread showed an increasing trend as the amount of added corn starch increased. The chewiness, gumminess and hardness of the rice bread showed a decreasing trend as the amount of added corn starch increased. Replacement of rice flour with 1, 5 and 10% waxy corn starch did not have a significant effect on the specific gravity and color of the dough. The color of the rice bread showed an increasing trend as the amount of added waxy corn starch increased. These results suggest that replacement of rice flour with 7.5% corn starch or 1% waxy corn starch is effective for gluten-free rice bread.

The Effects of the Different Percentages of HPMC and Enzymes on Making Rice Bread (쌀빵의 제빵 적성에 대한 HPMC와 복합 효소 첨가 수준 영향)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.456-462
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the bread-making properties of rice bread supplemented with HPMC (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose) 1~3% and gluzyme (glucose oxidase), fungamyl (fungal ${\alpha}$-amylase) and pentopan (xylanase+hemicellulases) (0.0015~0.0090%). The viscoelastic properties of the dough with HPMC 1~3% were analyzed. When the rice flour was supplemented with HPMC 1~3%, the viscoelastic properties of the dough tended to increase as the amount of added HPMC was increased. The physicochemical characteristics of the rice bread with HPMC, gluzyme, fungamyl, and pentopan were analyzed. Supplementing the rice flour with HPMC, gluzyme, fungamyl, and pentopan had a significant effect on the volume (p<0.01) and specific volume (p<0.001) of the rice bread. Supplementing the rice flour with 3% HPMC and 0.0045% or 0.0090% pentopan had a significant effect on increasing the volume (p<0.01) and specific volume (p<0.001) of the rice bread. Supplementing the rice flour with 3% HPMC, 0.0023% gluzyme and 0.0015% fungamyl had a significant effect on increasing the volume (p<0.01) and specific volume (p<0.001) of the rice bread. These results suggest that supplementing the rice flour with HPMC, gluzyme, fungamyl and pentopan is effective for the production of rice bread.

Quality Characteristics of Rice Bread Substituted with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루를 첨가한 쌀 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Im, Ji-Soon;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.903-908
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    • 2010
  • Yeast-leavened rice bread with added vital wheat gluten was formulated by substituting normal rice flour with 0~30% black rice flour, and the effects of black rice flour substitution on rice bread quality were investigated. Black rice flour contained more protein, lipid, and ash contents than normal rice flour. Increasing levels of black rice flour substitution decreased the specific loaf volume of rice bread. Black rice flour decreased lightness and yellowness, and imparted a reddish color in the bread crumbs. Only a slight difference in crumb firmness was observed between control rice bread (100% normal rice flour) and rice bread containing up to 20% black rice flour. However, crumb firmness of rice bread containing 30% black rice flour was considerably higher than that of the control rice bread and increased rapidly at 2~3 days during a 3-day storage period at $25^{\circ}C$. Antioxidant activity of rice breads was estimated by determining electron-donating ability (EDA) to DPPH radical. The electron-donating ability slightly increased with increasing levels of black rice flour in rice bread.