• Title, Summary, Keyword: ratio for remaining

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Relationship between the number of remaining teeth and depression in Korean adults (한국 성인의 잔존 치아 수와 우울증의 관련성)

  • Cho, Min Jeong;Ma, Jae-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between the number of remaining teeth and depression in Korean adults. Methods: The subjects were the respondents of the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES). The questionnaire consisted of the general characteristics of the subjects, number of remaining teeth, and prevalence of depression. relationship of the prevalence of depression and the number of remaining teeth. The data were analyzed by chi-square test, t-test, and logistic regression using SPSS, and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Results: There was a significant difference in number of remaining teeth and odds ratio(OR) was 1.940(95% confidence interval: 1.062-3.544). Statistically significant difference was not observed after adjusting for age and gender and OR was 1.515(95% confidence interval: 0.823-2.787). And Statistically significant difference was not observed after adjusting for age, gender and other variables. The OR was 1.399(95% confidence interval: 0.757-2.586). Conclusions: Depression in the adults was related to the number of remaining teeth. But there was no significant difference in the number of remaining teeth after adjusted for age, gender, and other factors.

A New Cluster Head Selection Technique based on Remaining Energy of Each Node for Energy Efficiency in WSN

  • Subedi, Sagun;Lee, Sang-Il;Lee, Jae-Hee
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.185-194
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    • 2020
  • Designing of a hierarchical clustering algorithm is one of the numerous approaches to minimize the energy consumption of the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). In this paper, a homogeneous and randomly deployed sensor nodes is considered. These sensors are energy constrained elements. The nominal selection of the Cluster Head (CH) which falls under the clustering part of the network protocol is studied and compared to Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) protocol. CHs in this proposed process is the function of total remaining energy of each node as well as total average energy of the whole arrangement. The algorithm considers initial energy, optimum value of cluster heads to elect the next group of cluster heads for the network as well as residual energy. Total remaining energy of each node is compared to total average energy of the system and if the result is positive, these nodes are eligible to become CH in the very next round. Analysis and numerical simulations quantify the efficiency and Average Energy Ratio (AER) of the proposed system.

Studies on the Development of the Fishing System of Set Net in the Coast of Jeju Island - I. Comparative of Fishing Efficiency of Rectangular Set Net and Pound Net by the Model Net - (제주도 연안 정치망 조업시스템 개발에 관한 연구 - I. 모형어구에 의한 각망과 낙망의 어획성능 비교 -)

  • 김종범;김석종
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2001
  • For the purpose of providing the basic data on the improved fishing gear and the man power saving, which contribute to enhance fishing efficiency of set net in the coast of Jeju Island, this study executed the test of fish tank by reducing these actual nets by 1/30 and using the manufactured model nets, and observed and interpreted the behaviors of entering and escaping of the schools of mackerel Scomber japonicus, horse mackerel Trachurus japonicus and rabbit fish Siganus fuscescens. Thereby the result is as follows ; 1. After the elapsed time of 60 seconds, in case of rectangular set net, the ratio for entering by a school of fish marked 50% with mackerel, 18% with horse mackerel and 28% with rabbit fish, and in case of pound net, the ratio for entering net by a school of fish marked 70% with mackerel, 60% with horse mackerel and 30% with rabbit fish. 2. After the elapsed time of 60 seconds, in case of rectangular set net, the ratio for escaping by a school of fish marked 70% with mackerel, 40% with horse mackerel and 24% with rabbit fish, and in case of pound net, the ratio for escaping from net by a school of fish marked 0% with mackerel, 0% with horse mackerel and 3% with rabbit fish. 3. After the elapsed time of 60 seconds, in case of rectangular set net, the ratio for remaining by a school of fish marked 30% with mackerel, 60% with horse mackerel and 76% with rabbit fish, and in case of pound net, the ratio for remaining by a school of fish marked 100% with mackerel, 100% with horse mackerel and 97% with rabbit fish.

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CMP: A Context Information-based Routing Scheme with Energy-based Message Prioritization for Delay Tolerant Networks

  • Cabacas, Regin;Ra, In-Ho
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.295-304
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    • 2014
  • Communication infrastructure supports wide variety of mobile services such as photo and file sharing, location tracking, social network services and instant messaging. However, instances like power-loss and natural disasters disrupt these communication infrastructures unable to render support to these mobile services. Delay-tolerant networks (DTNs) offer a solution to these problems at hand. By utilizing mobility and opportunistic contacts among mobile devices, a plausible communication network can be establish and enable support to mobile applications. This paper presents an energy-efficient, reliable message delivery routing scheme with message prioritization rules for DTN. It uses the context information of nodes (mobile devices) such as the contact history (location and time of contact), speed/velocity, moving direction to determine the best forwarders among nodes in the network. The remaining energy of the nodes is also used to determine the message types a node can deliver successfully. The simulation results show that proposed approach outperforms Epidemic and Prophet routing schemes in terms of delivery ratio, overhead ratio, delivered messages per types and remaining energy.

Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Quantitative Volumetric Analysis for Pre-Operative Resectability Assessment of Huge Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Tang, Jian-Hua;Yan, Fu-Hua;Zhou, Mei-Ling;Xu, Peng-Ju;Zhou, Jian;Fan, Jia
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.3045-3050
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Hepatic resection is arguably the preferred treatment for huge hepatocellular carcinoma (H-HCC). Estimating the remnant liver volume is therefore essential. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using computer-assisted volumetric analysis for this purpose. Methods: The study involved 40 patients with H-HCC. Laboratory examinations were conducted, and a contrast CT-scan revealed that 30 cases out of the participating 40 had single-lesion tumors. The remaining 10 had less than three satellite tumors. With the consensus of the team, two physicians conducted computer-assisted 3D segmentation of the liver, tumor, and vessels in each case. Volume was automatically computed from each segmented/labeled anatomical field. To estimate the resection volume, virtual lobectomy was applied to the main tumor. A margin greater than 1 cm was applied to the satellite tumors. Resectability was predicted by computing a ratio of functional liver resection (R) as (Vresected-Vtumor)/(Vtotal-Vtumor) x 100%, applying a threshold of 50% and 60% for cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic cases, respectively. This estimation was then compared with surgical findings. Results: Out of the 22 patients who had undergone hepatectomies, only one had an R that exceeded the threshold. Among the remaining 18 patients with non-resectable H-HCC, 12 had Rs that exceeded the specified ratio and the remaining 6 had Rs that were < 50%. Four of the patients who had Rs less than 50% underwent incomplete surgery due to operative findings of more extensive satellite tumors, vascular invasion, or metastasis. The other two cases did not undergo surgery because of the high risk involved in removing the tumor. Overall, the ratio of functional liver resection for estimating resectability correlated well with the other surgical findings. Conclusion: Efficient pre-operative resectability assessment of H-HCC using computer-assisted volumetric analysis is feasible.

Strength and behaviour of reinforced SCC wall panels in one-way action

  • Ganesan, N.;Indiraa, P.V.;Prasad, S. Rajendra
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2010
  • A total of 28 wall panels were cast and tested under uniformly distributed axial load in one-way in-plane action to study the effect of slenderness ratio (SR) and aspect ratio (AR) on the ultimate load. Two concrete formulations, normal concrete (NC) and self compacting concrete (SCC), were used for the casting of wall panels. Out of 28 wall panels, 12 were made of NC and the remaining 16 panels were of SCC. All the 12 NC panels and 12 out of 16 SCC panels were used to study the influence of SR and the remaining 4 SCC panels were tested to study the effect of AR on the ultimate load. A brief review of studies available in literature on the strength and behaviour of reinforced concrete (RC) wall panels is presented. Load-deformation response was recorded and analyzed. The ultimate load of SCC wall panels decreases non-linearly with the increase in SR and decreases linearly with increasing values of AR. Based on this study a method is proposed to predict the ultimate load of reinforced SCC wall panels. The modified method includes the effect of SR, AR and concrete strength.

Data compression algorithm with two-byte codeword representation (2바이트 코드워드 표현방법에 의한 자료압축 알고리듬)

  • 양영일;김도현
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics C
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    • v.34C no.3
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 1997
  • In tis paper, sthe new data model for the hardware implementation of lempel-ziv compression algorithm was proposed. Traditional model generates the codeword which consists of 3 bytes, the last symbol, the position and the matched length. MSB (most significant bit) of the last symbol is the comparession flag and the remaining seven bits represent the character. We confined the value of the matched length to 128 instead of 256, which can be coded with seven bits only. In the proposed model, the codeword consists of 2 bytes, the merged symbol and the position. MSB of the merged symbol is the comression flag. The remaining seven bits represent the character or the matched length according to the value of the compression flag. The proposed model reduces the compression ratio by 5% compared with the traditional model. The proposed model can be adopted to the existing hardware architectures. The incremental factors of the compression ratio are also analyzed in this paper.

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Quantitative Measurement of Frustration for Multitasking Environment (다중작업 환경에서 좌절감의 정량적 측정방법)

  • Jeong, Sungoo;Myung, Rohae
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.176-183
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    • 2017
  • In recent years, studies about multitasking becomes more important. During multitasking, operators can feel frustration when they are interrupted during the task and frustration can affect operator's emotional state and performance. However there is no research on measuring the frustration quantitatively in multitasking environment. In this paper, we suggested quantitative measurement of frustration during multitasking. In order to measure the frustration, we made a mathematical representation with emotional decay model and the initial intensity of frustration based on cognitive closure theory. The amount of initial intensity could be represented as the ratio of actual remaining time to expected remaining time. By the experiment, we measured the frustration during the experiment and compared this values with values of frustration dimension of NASA-TLX. Finally we got the linear regression model with a good accuracy ($R^2=0.986$). This study contributes to measuring the emotion quantitatively by the relation of expected and actual remaining time in multitasking environment.

Crack growth analysis and remaining life prediction of dissimilar metal pipe weld joint with circumferential crack under cyclic loading

  • Murthy, A. Ramachandra;Gandhi, P.;Vishnuvardhan, S.;Sudharshan, G.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.52 no.12
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    • pp.2949-2957
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    • 2020
  • Fatigue crack growth model has been developed for dissimilar metal weld joints of a piping component under cyclic loading, where in the crack is located at the center of the weld in the circumferential direction. The fracture parameter, Stress Intensity Factor (SIF) has been computed by using principle of superposition as KH + KM. KH is evaluated by assuming that, the complete specimen is made of the material containing the notch location. In second stage, the stress field ahead of the crack tip, accounting for the strength mismatch, the applied load and geometry has been characterized to evaluate SIF (KM). For each incremental crack depth, stress field ahead of the crack tip has been quantified by using J-integral (elastic), mismatch ratio, plastic interaction factor and stress parallel to the crack surface. The associated constants for evaluation of KM have been computed by using the quantified stress field with respect to the distance from the crack tip. Net SIF (KH + KM) computed, has been used for the crack growth analysis and remaining life prediction by Paris crack growth model. To validate the model, SIF and remaining life has been predicted for a pipe made up of (i) SA312 Type 304LN austenitic stainless steel and SA508 Gr. 3 Cl. 1. Low alloy carbon steel (ii) welded SA312 Type 304LN austenitic stainless-steel pipe. From the studies, it is observed that the model could predict the remaining life of DMWJ piping components with a maximum difference of 15% compared to experimental observations.

The relationship between dementia and the number of remaining tooth of the elderly women on senior center (경로당 여성 노인들의 치매와 잔존 치아 수와의 관련성)

  • Cho, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2016
  • Recently, with the population growth of elderly people, concerns about oral health related to the quality of life of the elderly are increasing. The purpose of this study is to assess the association between the elderly women divided into dementia, suspected dementia, healthy groups and the remaining teeth of them. Total 177 elderly women of over 60 years old, visiting on senior center in some community dwelling, were assessed for oral condition and their cognitive function with MMSE score. All the collected data were analyzed by chi-square test, t-test, and multiful logistic regression using SPSS. Multiful logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship of dementia according to MMSE score and remaining teeth, and 95% confidence intervals were computed. Odds ratio(OR) of the number of remaining teeth 0-10 was 3.43 (95% confidence interval: 1.382-8.997). This study showed significant difference and the relationship between dementia according to MMSE score and the number of remaining teeth of the elderly women.